Altos, Paraguay

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Altos
District
San Lorenzo de la Cordillera de los Altos
Altos is located in Paraguay
Altos
Altos
Coordinates: 25°14′0″S 57°15′0″W / 25.23333°S 57.25000°W / -25.23333; -57.25000Coordinates: 25°14′0″S 57°15′0″W / 25.23333°S 57.25000°W / -25.23333; -57.25000
Country Paraguay
Department Cordillera
Founded August 10, 1538
Government
 • Intendente municipal Carlos Alberto Ojeda Arzamendia (2010-2015)
Area
 • Total 92 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation 207 m (679 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 13,114
 • Density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone -4 Gmt
Postal code 3240
Area code(s) 0512

Altos is a district and locality of the Cordillera Department, Paraguay.

Etymology[edit]

Church of Altos

It is also called “Altos de Ybypytaré”, which in Guaraní means “path of the wind”, previously called “San Lorenzo de la Cordillera de los Altos”, one of the oldest cities of Paraguay. It is known as the “Terrace of the country” because of its high altitude.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this department is mild and dry. The average temperature is 22° Celsius, in summer reaches 39 °C and in winter drops to 3 °C.

Demography[edit]

Altos’ population is 13,114 in total, 6,862 men and 6,252 women, according to information provided by the Statistics, Polls and Census General Direction.

History[edit]

There are two versions of its foundation. The first tells that Domingo Martínez de Irala founded it, on August 10, 1538. The second one tells that it was Friar Luis de Bolaños in 1580, with the purpose of being the first “Reducción Guaraní” of Río de la Plata and Paraguay.

Atrium of the Church of Altos

It was the hiding place of Joseph Mengele, notorious nazi scientist and medical doctor, who experimented in the Nazi concentration camps. Mengele and his wife flew to Altos in 1959, after the government of Occidental Germany discovered their home in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and he received the notification for arrest. His wife did not adapt to this new life and left him. In 1960, he panicked after hearing news of the interest of the nazi hunter in his capture, and with kidnapping of Adolf Eichmann, left Altos to go to Hohenau in the South of Paraguay.

Economy[edit]

The Altos is known for the harvesting of pharmacological plants and coffee, as well as general agriculture, woodcraft, and the breeding of horned cattle.

Tourism[edit]

The church is from the time of the Jesuit Missions and in honor of its patron saint, San Lorenzo (Saint Lawrence).

It is located in Heroes' Square in the center of the city.

Kambá Ra´angá at the holydays of Saint Peter and Saint Paul

Marshal José Félix Estigarribia's fatal plane crash was near the city of Altos, by the Aguaí Stream.

The most important artisan production is the carving of timbó wood in the shape of animals, mythological beings and masks that are later painted with intense colors. The masks became famous as “kamba ra’anga”, an image of the mulatto, used in the re-enactments of the battles between the kambá (mulattos) and the guaicurúes (natives), during the festivities of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, on July 28 and 29th in Itaguazú, located 2 kilometers from Altos. This is an important festivity of colonial origins in which are also organized games and prepared typical food.

The route to access the city provides a beautiful landscape for visitors to enjoy, because it goes up a chain of mountains and looks down onto the Ypacaraí Lake and the exuberant vegetation surrounding it. “The Tukanga Route” is an outing offered by the Municipality and it is called that way because of the abundance of “tucanes” (toucans) in the area. The region is distinctive for its richness in natural resources.

There is also the Saldivar Stream, located in a natural reserve with more than 4 hectares, 8 kilometers from the center of city.

The farm “El Gaucho” has 4 hectares of abundant vegetation, with modern and comfortable amenities that recreate colonial times.

The rural hotel “La Grappa” offers visitors the natural environment of the mountainous country, in addition to nights of Paraguayan and Latin American folklore.

A square in Altos

People from Altos[edit]

Altos is the hometown of the internationally renowned artist Luis Alberto del Paraná. His house is located in the historical area of the city. Luis Alberto traveled through all Europe, entertaining with his music and receiving important awards for his records.

Municipality of Altos

How to get to Altos[edit]

Altos is situated on the asphalt road turning off from Ruta 2 near Ypacaraí, passing San Bernardino, Altos, Loma Grande, Nueva Colombia and leading in Ruta 3 in Emboscada. There is also a coarsely paved road (empedrado) connecting Altos with Atyrá.

Two bus routes connect Altos to Gran Asunción. LOMA GRANDE (yellow buses) circle line starts in Loma Grande, serves Altos, San Bernardino, and Ypacaraí, then follows Ruta 2 to San Lorenzo, continues to Fernando de la Mora (calle Mcal. Estigarribia), heads north in Calle Última of Asunción, passes Mariano Roque Alonso, Limpio, follows Ruta 3 to Emboscada, turns off to the Loma Grande starting point, turns round and covers the whole way in the opposite direction. ALTOS (green buses) starts in Altos, follows exactly the way of LOMA GRANDE until getting to Calle Última, but then heads south and continues to the Asunción central (national and international) bus station (la Terminal de Ómnibus). If you are in central Asunción and would like to visit Altos, take one of the plenty buses passing calle Mcal. (Mariscal) Estigarribia of Fernando de la Mora where you may change to LOMA GRANDE or ALTOS.

References[edit]

  • Illustrated Geography of Paraguay, 2007. Arami S. R. L. Distributor.
  • Geography of Paraguay, First Edition 1999, Editorial HIspana Paraguay S. R. L.

External links[edit]