Altwiller

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Altwiller
The Protestant Church
The Protestant ChurchLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg
Coat of arms of Altwiller
Coat of arms
Altwiller is located in France
Altwiller
Altwiller
Coordinates: 48°55′51″N 6°58′51″E / 48.9308°N 6.9808°E / 48.9308; 6.9808Coordinates: 48°55′51″N 6°58′51″E / 48.9308°N 6.9808°E / 48.9308; 6.9808
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Saverne
Canton Sarre-Union
Intercommunality Sarre-Union
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Aimé Schreiner
Area
 • Land1 16.22 km2 (6.26 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 422
 • Population2 density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67009 / 67260
Elevation 215–266 m (705–873 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Altwiller is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of northeastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Altwillerois or Altwilleroises[1]

Geography[edit]

Altwiller is located some 20 km south of Sarreguemines on the German border and some 50 km north-east of Nancy. The commune is accessed by the D23 road running east from Vibersviller to the village then continuing east to Harskirchen. The D153 road also runs through the southern portion of the commune as it runs from the D39 road in the south-west north-east to Harskirchen. The western and northern borders of the commune are also the borders between the Bas-Rhin and Moselle departments. As well as Altwiller village there is also the hamlet of Chateau Bonnefontaine in the south of the commune.[2]

The Canal des Houllietes de la Satre passes along the southern border of the commune. The Rose stream passes near the village flowing west from Moselle to the Albe river partly forming the northern border of the commune. The northern part of the commune is farmland while the southern part is mainly forested.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Fragments of vases and other Gallo-Roman pieces have been found at Bonnefontaine. The site is located on the salt route. In addition to the two annexes of Neuweyershof and the Bonnefontaine domain the village had in its vicinity a hamlet called Honkesen-Huntzen which has now disappeared.

Altwiller was deserted in the 15th century and rebuilt a little later in 1559 mainly by Huguenots from Lorraine. It was partially destroyed again in 1635 by the Croatians then became the property of Sarrewerden then of Nassau-Saarbrücken with the capital of the Bailiwick of Harskirchen. The village returned to France in 1793.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Altwiller
Blazon:

Azure, a lion party per fess Or and Argent..[3]



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Altwiller[4]

From To Name Party Position
1989 2001 Arthur Scwartz Brigadier-General, Legion of Honour, Commander of National Order of Merit
2001 2008 Gilbert Schmidt
2008 2014 Alain Lieb
2014 2020 Aimé Schreiner

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 422 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
603 698 702 777 796 821 844 795 809
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
752 756 773 782 775 753 728 767 751
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
712 661 657 641 549 529 509 487 505
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
474 456 416 414 415 399 422 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Altwiller

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at Bonnefontaine (1908)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at Bonnefontaine (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at Neuweyerhof (1) (1761)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Neuweyerhof (2) (1761)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Farmhouse at 63 Rue des Lilas (1850)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Farmhouse at 103 Rue Principale (1900)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Farmhouse at 107 Rue Principale (1776)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Farmhouse at 112 Rue Principale (1848)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Farmhouse at 113 Rue Principale (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Farmhouse at 114 Rue Principale (1813)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Farmhouse at 5 Rue Principale (1776)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Flour Mill at 51 Rue Principale (1724).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16] From the end of the 17th to the 20th century the mill was run by a single family of millers.
  • A House and Shop at 88 Rue Principale (1934)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Farmhouse at 89 Rue Principale (1838)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A School at 93 Rue Principale (1843)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • A Farmhouse at 20 Rue de la Rose (1826)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Farmhouse at 22 Rue de la Rose (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Farmhouse at 26 Rue de la Rose (1862)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • A Farmhouse at 31 Rue de la Rose (1898)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Farmhouse at 36 Rue de la Rose (1875)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Farmhouse at 41 Rue de la Rose (1909)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Carpenter's House at 43 Rue de la Rose (1775)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • The Domain of Bonnefontaine at Bonnefontaine (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • The Chateau of Bonnefontaine (1818).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28] The mineral water spring discovered in 1603 was appetizing, diuretic and purgative. This gave the idea in 1816 to a banker from Basel to build a thermal spa with castle, park and dance hall. The castle was built between 1818 and 1822 but the operation ended in failure due to lack of customers. He sold the estate in 1836. The latest occupants of the castle are the Schlumberger family - owners since 1878.
  • The Chateau of Bonnefontaine Park (1818)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • The Canal des Houillères Lock 16 (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]
  • A School at Neuweyerhof (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31]
  • Houses and FarmsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[32]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Protestant Church (1723).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[33] There are several items in the church that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Protestant Presbytery (1730)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[38]
  • The Lutheran Presbytery (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[39]
  • The Cemetery at RD 23. (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[40] The movable items in the cemeteryLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg are registered as historical objects.[41]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bas-Rhin (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Blazons of the communes of Bas-Rhin, Jean-Paul de Gassowski, consulted on 24 May 2009 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005727 House at Bonnefontaine (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005728 Farmhouse at Bonnefontaine (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005725 Farmhouse at Neuweyerhof (1) (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005726 Farmhouse at Neuweyerhof (2) (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005722 Farmhouse at 63 Rue des Lilas (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005709 Farmhouse at 103 Rue Principale (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005713 Farmhouse at 107 Rue Principale (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005712 Farmhouse at 112 Rue Principale (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005711 Farmhouse at 113 Rue Principale (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005714 Farmhouse at 114 Rue Principale (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005708 Farmhouse at 5 Rue Principale (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005723 Flour Mill at 51 Rue Principale (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005707 House and Shop at 88 Rue Principale (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005710 Farmhouse at 89 Rue Principale (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005706 School at 93 Rue Principale (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005716 Farmhouse at 20 Rue de la Rose (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005717 Farmhouse at 22 Rue de la Rose (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005718 Farmhouse at 26 Rue de la Rose (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005719 Farmhouse at 31 Rue de la Rose (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005715 Farmhouse at 36 Rue de la Rose (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005720 Farmhouse at 41 Rue de la Rose (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005721 Carpenter's House at 43 Rue de la Rose (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00085292 Domain of Bonnefontaine (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005729 Chateau of Bonnefontaine (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67011023 Chateau of Bonnefontaine Park (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005730 Canal des Houillères Lock 16 (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005724 School at Neuweyerhof (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005702 Houses and Farms (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005703 Protestant Church (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009064 Organ (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009063 Furniture in the Church (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009062 Communion Ewer (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009061 Baptismal Ewer (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005705 Protestant Presbytery (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005704 Lutheran Presbytery (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67005731 Cemetery at RD 23 (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67009060 Movable Items in the Cemetery (French)