Alucra

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Alucra
District
Giresun-Alucra-2.JPG
Alucra is located in Turkey
Alucra
Alucra
Coordinates: 40°19′N 38°46′E / 40.317°N 38.767°E / 40.317; 38.767Coordinates: 40°19′N 38°46′E / 40.317°N 38.767°E / 40.317; 38.767
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Giresun
Government
 • Mayor Asım Kaymakçı (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 1,083.27 km2 (418.25 sq mi)
Elevation 1,524 m (5,000 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 4,250
 • District 8,823
 • District density 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 28700
Area code(s) 0454
Licence plate 28
Climate Csb
Website http://www.alucra.bel.tr

Alucra is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 130 km (81 mi) from the city of Giresun. She was the district of Şebinkarahisar between 1924-1933.

Etymology[edit]

Alucra is a modification of the Ottoman Empire name El Ücra meaning far-off' or remote.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Alucra is an inland district, high in the Giresun Mountains, in the upper reaches of the Kelkit River. The weather on the Black Sea coast is typically wet and humid but Alucra is high inland therefore much cooler in winter, when it snows, and then dry and hot in summer. The snow melts in March and April and the spring rains last until June, during these months the rivers are full. The countryside is high mountain and pasture, with fir tree cover on the north-facing mountainsides and bare southern faces. Cattle are grazed in the pastures and some wheat is grown despite the dry summers, and in general Alucra is a collection of remote villages.

Local cuisine includes:

  • Fit (Düü) Çorbası - a soup made of onions and bulgur wheat
  • Yağlaç - a cornflour-based polenta-style meal
  • Pancar Çorbası - beetroot soup
  • Ekmek Aşı - dried bread soaked in a stew of fried meat with onions and hot pepper
  • Ayran Çorbası - yoghurt soup
  • Kesme Çorbası - a kind of local minestrone soup with lentils and dumplings
  • Helle - a soupy dish of bulgur and mint

In July there is a well-known summer festival

History[edit]

This area has firstly been settled by the Hittites in ancient era. During the Middle Ages Alucra was the part of the Byzantine Empire, disrupted by the Arab armies of the Abbasid caliphate.

Turks first came to the area in their 11th century movement into Anatolia from their homeland in Central Asia following their defeat of the Byzantines at the Battle of Malazgirt. From 1054 this area was settled by the Kipchak Turks from southern Russia, who moved into the area along the Black Sea coast, under the loose authority of the Seljuk Turks. The Seljuks assumed direct control by defeating the Mengujekids in 1228 but their rule came to an end with their defeat by the Mongol hordes at Kösedağ in 1243.

The Anatolian beyliks remerged despite the growth of the Ottoman Empire until the area was brought into Ottoman in 1473 with the defeat of Uzun Hasan by Sultan Mehmet II at the battle of Otlukbeli.

Places of interest[edit]

Alucra-Elmacik-Havana.JPG

As well as walks in the high pastures (yayla) there are a number of historical sites:

  • Kamışlı Kilisesi - a church in the town centre
  • Gelinkaya (Bride's Rock - site of a gruesome local legend)
  • Ikizler Tepesi - two hills near the village of Pirilli

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]