Alum Creek

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Alum Creek
Alum Creek Ohio.jpg
The confluence of the Alum Creek and Big Walnut Creek. Alum Creek is in the center of the image and Big Walnut Creek is coming from the right.
Origin 40°32′00″N 082°49′02″W / 40.53333°N 82.81722°W / 40.53333; -82.81722[1] 1 mile (1.6 km) South-West of Mount Gilead
Mouth 39°52′52″N 082°54′27″W / 39.88111°N 82.90750°W / 39.88111; -82.90750Coordinates: 39°52′52″N 082°54′27″W / 39.88111°N 82.90750°W / 39.88111; -82.90750[1] Big Walnut Creek near Obetz, Ohio
Basin countries United States of America
Length [2]
Source elevation 1,160 feet (350 m)[3]
Mouth elevation 718 feet (219 m)[1]
Avg. discharge [2]
Basin area 199 square miles (520 km2)[4]
Map of Alum Creek highlighted within the Scioto River watershed.

Alum Creek is 58-mile (93 km) long creek that runs north to south in central Ohio. The creek originates in Morrow County and then flows through Delaware County and finally into Franklin County, where it ends at Big Walnut Creek, which drains into the Scioto River. In 1974, the Army Corps of Engineers completed the Alum Creek Reservoir near the middle portion of the creek length. This reservoir "has a surface area of 3,387 acres of water and was created to ensure a water supply for the city of Columbus, provide flood control for the area south of the reservoir, and yield recreational opportunities."[5]

History[edit]

The Alum Creek valley was inhabited by the Adena over 2,000 years ago. This mound builder culture constructed seven mounds along Alum Creek. The Lenape (Delaware) Indian tribe later established many settlements near the creek.

One of the first European settlers was Colonel Moses Byxbe, who constructed his home on Alum Creek in 1805. Colonel Byxbe owned or co-owned 38,000 acres (150 km²) along the creek.

As a defensive measure during the War of 1812, local residents built four blockhouses in the area, including one on Alum Creek. The blockhouse, Fort Cheshire, was a 2-story log fortress, constructed so as to provide a place from which to shoot, drop boiling water, and defend against the threat of fire. The blockhouse was subsequently used as a schoolhouse and remained intact until the Civil War. The fort is commemorated by a bronze plaque where the blockhouse once stood.

Underground Railroad[edit]

The history of Alum Creek is also notable for its connection to the Underground Railroad, by which many slaves found their freedom. The Underground Railroad's Sycamore Trail ran along Alum Creek. Africa Road, near Alum Creek, is so named because of the nearby settlement of thirty freed slaves from North Carolina.[6]

Also known as[edit]

  • Allum Creek[1]
  • Elk Creek[1]
  • Seckle Creek[1]
  • Sepung Creek[1]
  • Salt Creek[1]

Watershed[edit]

Alum Creek Lake[edit]

Near 40°10′36″N 082°57′24″W / 40.17667°N 82.95667°W / 40.17667; -82.95667 (Alum Creek Lake) Elevation: 833 feet (254 m)[7]

Alum Creek Lake Dam[edit]

Near 40°10′36″N 082°57′24″W / 40.17667°N 82.95667°W / 40.17667; -82.95667 (Alum Creek Lake Dam) Elevation: 833 feet (254 m)[8]

Drinking Water[edit]

Alum Creek is a source of drinking water for the city of Westerville, Ohio.[9]

Tributaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

USGS Southeast Columbus, United States Geological Survey. Southeast Columbus quadrangle, Ohio. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: United States Geological Survey, 1992.

External links[edit]