Part of The Crescent, Angleseyville
Grade II* listed[n 1]
Stokes Bay, Alverstoke
Alverstoke shown within Hampshire
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Alverstoke is a small settlement contiguous with the town of Gosport, on the south coast of Hampshire. It stretches east-west from Fort Blockhouse, Haslar to Browndown Battery, and is centred 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east of the shore of Stokes Bay and near the head of a creek which extends a mile westward from Portsmouth Harbour.
Residents of Alverstoke have at times in the 20th century been called "The Alverstocracy" by some residents of Gosport, in a tongue-in-cheek fashion, due to higher house prices and a perceived higher social status of the area.
The name 'Alverstoke' is most likely to be derived from a corruption of the name Alwara – an Anglo-Saxon Lady of the Manor – and Stoke, a settlement on the area of Alverstoke known as the Marsh Ground. Alverstoke is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Alwarestock.
Official Crown and Manorial records for the village refer to "The liberty of Alverstoke with Gosport", although the name has clearly evolved over the years: from Alwarestoch/Halwarestoke, in the 11th to 13th centuries, to Alvardestoke, in the 14th century, to Aillewardstoke, in the 15th century, and to Alverstoke, by the 16th century.
Until the early 19th century, the parish of Alverstoke measured some 4.5 miles from north to south, and 2.5 miles from east to west, covering most of present-day Gosport. The parish still stretched north, adjoining Fareham and Titchfield parishes., south to the Solent, east as far as Portsmouth Harbour, and west to the parish of Rowner, into the 20th century. However, large parts of the north and east of the parish were split into separate parishes between 1840 and 1913.
In the late 19th century Alverstoke became completely built up, and the fields separating it from Gosport disappeared. Both parishes then formed part of an Urban District, which prevented the need for creation of a civil parish. Today, the ecclesiastical parish, which was once a large agricultural one containing the villages of Alverstoke and Gosport, now comprises a smaller and mainly residential area within the Borough of Gosport.
By the early 19th century, as seaside towns became fashionable for polite society, an area known as Angleseyville was developed by the speculator Robert Cruikshank, and named in honour of the Marquis of Anglesey. This new area was to contain a racecourse, chapel, baths and pumphouse, and genteel gardens, a hotel, and fine townhouses emulating the grand Georgian crescents of the day. But Cruikshank speculated on an architect who was only 21 and somewhat untested.
Although the hotel was erected first, such that purchasers could see what would be built, the scheme overall was not a financial success, and was therefore only partially completed. Within only a few decades, the area had become rather run down. Its St Mark's Chapel had never become more than a chapel of ease to the local parish church only a quarter of a mile away, and was demolished by the early 20th century. Nonetheless, its small burial plot still contains 261 known burials, including many with society connections: nine admirals, eight generals, two baronets, and various members of the Churchill, Nelson, Jellicoe, Walpole and Bonham-Carter[n 2] families (and which started being used as a graveyard even before the chapel's dedication).
Today, the Crescent stands as testimony to what might have been, but still only fulfils half of the original design. It does, however, still house the Anglesey Arms Hotel (where Queen Victoria is known to have stayed when travelling to and from Osborne House on the Isle of Wight – the train line used to run direct to Stokes Bay, where there was once a jetty). The Crescent is now Grade II* listed, and its award-winning Georgian era gardens are open to the public to visit all year round.
Several of Palmerston's Follies were sited within the parish, including Fort Gilkicker, a 19th-century coastal battery fort, which located at the eastern end of Stokes Bay, where it sits across a wide curved natural headland (promontory) taken up by Gosport & Stokes Bay Golf Club. Just to the east is Fort Monckton.
The Grade II listed parish church of St. Mary is one of three Church of England churches in the parish, the others being St Faith's Church by Strawberry Hill Cottage, Tribe Road and St Francis, Alverstoke (0.5 miles ESE) between St Francis Road and Waterloo Road, Haslar. (A Chapel dedicated to St. Luke also exists within the grounds of Haslar.) St. Mary's is of medieval origin, but has been significantly rebuilt and altered over the years. The original church was entirely replaced by the present structure, as designed by Henry Woodyer in the decorated style, when rebuilt 1863–85: its chancel was completed in 1865, and extends to three bays, two having arches to the north and south chapels; its wide nave by Woodyer was constructed in 1885 and has five arches and a south porch. Its western tower was built in 1906.
- Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal, estranged wife of the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne, died in the rectory in 1834 whilst awaiting for her property in the Crescent to be completed.
- Bishop Samuel Wilberforce, accepted the rectory of Alverstoke in October 1840
- John Wickham Legg, physician and writer, was born here on 28 December 1843
King Henry II of England is also known to have crossed to France from Stokes Bay in Alverstoke on more than one occasion.
Notes and References
- built c.1829–30
- Hyphens were first used to separate commonly joined terms in the 1920s before which it was Bonham Carter
- "Village of fear grieves for its lost serenity", Janine di Giovanni, Sunday Times, 24 May 1992
- "The Place Names of Gosport", Philip Eley, Hantsweb
- "A History of Gosport", Gosport Borough Council, 31 July 2007
- "The liberty of Alverstoke with Gosport", British History Online
- Boundary wall to graveyard, listing with reasons.English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1276302)". National Heritage List for England.
- "Hampshire Treasures", Hampshire County Council
- Fort Gilkicker Grade II* architectural listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1276716)". National Heritage List for England.
- Ordnance survey website
- Parish of Alverstoke: St Mary — The Church of England
- St Mary's Church English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1232651)". National Heritage List for England.
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