|Motto: "In touch with the past...planning for the future"|
Location in the state of Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Gary Appelt
Charles Batty, III
|• City Manager||Terry Lucas|
|• Total||25.6 sq mi (66.4 km2)|
|• Land||24.3 sq mi (62.9 km2)|
|• Water||1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|• Density||998/sq mi (385.2/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1329478|
Alvin is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area and Brazoria County. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city population was 24,236. Alvin's claim to fame is Baseball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan, who moved with his family to the city in 1947 as an infant and lived there until he moved to Round Rock in 2003. The Nolan Ryan Museum is in the Nolan Ryan Foundation and Exhibit Center on the campus of Alvin Community College.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Postal services
- 7 Community information
- 8 Popular culture connections
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Climate
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Alvin area was settled in the mid-19th century when bull ranches were established in the area. The Santa Fe Railroad eventually expanded into the area, and a settlement was established along the railroad. Alvin was originally named "Morgan" by the town's residents in honor of the settlement's original resident, Santa Fe employee Alvin Morgan; upon discovery that the name Morgan had been taken, the town named itself after Morgan's first name. The town was officially incorporated in 1893, making it the oldest incorporated settlement in Brazoria County. Alvin Morgan received a land grant from the state of Texas prior to 1891.
On July 25, 1979, Tropical Storm Claudette stalled over Alvin and inundated the region with 45 inches (1,100 mm) of rain in 42 hours. The total included 43 inches (1,100 mm) in 24 hours, the maximum 24-hour rainfall in American history.
Alvin is located in northeastern Brazoria County at  It is bordered to the northeast by Friendswood and League City in Galveston County, and part of its southeast border is along the village of Hillcrest. Texas State Highway 35 bypasses the center of the city to the east; it leads north 25 miles (40 km) to downtown Houston and southwest 21 miles (34 km) to Angleton, the Brozoria County seat. Texas State Highway 6 crosses Highway 35 and passes through the center of Alvin, leading southeast 30 miles (48 km) to Galveston and 28 miles (45 km) northwest to Sugar Land(29.393698, -95.271588).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Alvin has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66.4 km2), of which 24.3 square miles (62.9 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.5 km2), or 5.26%, is water.
As of the 2010 Census, the population was 24,236 people, with a population density of 1,475 people per square mile. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,413 people, 7,826 households, and 5,603 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,302.9 people per square mile (503.2/km²). There were 8,442 housing units at an average density of 513.7 per square mile (198.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.28% White, 2.11% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 10.88% from other races, and 3.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.09% of the population.
There were 7,826 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,576, and the median income for a family was $43,987. Males had a median income of $36,216 versus $22,580 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,016. About 10.8% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
Primary and secondary schools
Schools within the city of Alvin include:
Junior high schools:
- Alvin Junior High School
- Fairview Junior High School
- G.W. Harby Junior High School
Prekindergarten - 5th grade:
- Golda Hood-Bobbie Case Elementary School
- Melba L. Passmore Elementary School
- Longfellow Elementary School
- Mark Twain Elementary School
3rd - 5th grade:
- Alvin Elementary School
- Walt Disney Elementary School
Prekindergarten - 2nd grade:
- Alvin Primary School
- R.L. Stevenson Primary School
Colleges and universities
Alvin Community College provides basic undergraduate courses and adult education.
The Alvin Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System. The library closed in 2010 to repair damages done by Hurricane Ike, and during that renovation a fire broke out causing major smoke damage. The library reopened in June 2011.
The United States Postal Service operates the Alvin Post Office at 455 East House Street, 77511-9998.
Thelma Ley Anderson Family YMCA is located in Alvin.
The Alvin Rotary Club sponsors a yearly Frontier Day celebration, which includes a parade and 5k Fun Run.
Popular culture connections
- By the End of Tonight, instrumental rock band
- Douglas Duncan, professional bullrider
- Nathan Eovaldi, current starting pitcher for the Miami Marlins, born 1990
- Joe Ferguson, former NFL player for the Buffalo Bills, was born in Alvin in 1950
- Gary Keithley, former NFL player for the St. Louis Cardinals
- Nolan Ryan, former Major League Baseball pitcher, reared in Alvin, resident of Round Rock
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Alvin has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alvin city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- The History of Alvin. City of Alvin website. http://www.alvin-tx.gov/default.aspx?name=historyofalvin
- "Flooding in 1979 put Alvin in record books". Houston Chronicle, June 16, 2001. http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/storm2001/944480.html. Last accessed September 23, 2006.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Texasalmanac. Retrieved 2012-10-04
- "Flood Zone Map" (Archive). City of Alvin. Retrieved on March 20, 2014.
- Trick My What? Ep. 102 Produce Farmer's Tractor
- Climate Summary for Alvin, Texas
- City of Alvin official website
- Alvin-Manvel Area Chamber of Commerce
- Alvin Lions Club Annual Holiday Classic Basketball Tournament
- Alvin Youth Bowling Program
- Alvin Golf & Country Club
- "Texas Storms in Brazoria County". Retrieved September 22, 2005.
- Handbook of Texas Online