|— city —|
|Elevation||268 m (879 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Alwar (Rajasthani: अलवर) is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. India's highest ever recorded temperature of 50.6 °C was measured at Alwar on 10 May 1956.
Alwar was formerly the capital of the princely state of Alwar. It was formerly spelt as "Ulwar" in British India. This placed it in last position in alphabetically ordered lists, so a king changed the spelling to "Alwar" to bring it to the top.
The princely state of Alwar was founded by Pratap Singh, a Rajput of the Kachwaha lineage, in 1770. His son, aided the British against the Marathas. After the battle of Laswari (1803) Alwar became the first state of Rajputana to sign a treaty of 'Offensive and Defensive Alliance' with the East India Company. A few years later, Bakhtawar Singh ventured an armed incursion into neighbouring Jaipur, the senior Kachwaha state, and the erstwhile overlord of his predecessor. Varun Talwar was defeated; a fresh engagement was made with him by the East India Company, prohibiting him from political intercourse with other states without British consent. During the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, Raoraja Bane Singh sent a force consisting mainly of Muslims and Rajputs, to relieve the British garrison in Agra. The Muslims deserted and the rest were defeated by the rebels. Pran Sukh Yadav, who fought beside Rao Tula Ram of Rewari in 1857, settled along with the kinsmen of dead soldiers at Village Nihalpura, Behror Tehsil, of Alwar District.
Alwar acceded unto the dominion of India following the independence of India in 1947. On 18 March 1948, the state merged with three neighbouring princely states (Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli) to form the Matsya Union. On 15 May 1949, it was united with neighbouring princely states[which?] and the territory of Ajmer to form the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan.
Rulers of Alwar state 
- Pratap Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1775–1791) Maharao of Alwar
- Bakhtawar Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1791–1815) Maharao of Alwar
- Bane Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1815–1857) Maharao of Alwar
- Sheodan Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1857–1874) Maharao Raja of Alwar
- Mangal Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1874–1892) Maharaja of Alwar
- Jai Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1892–1937) Maharaja of Alwar
- Tej Singh Prabhakar Bahadur (1937–1971) Maharaja of Alwar (titular Maharaja from 1971–2009)
Theories behind the name of Alwar 
There are many theories behind the name of Alwar
1. The name from Salwapur
2. The second derivation is related from geographic location
3. The third derivation is from theory of Alaval Khan of Mewati
4. The fourth derivation is from research of Maharaja Jai Singh
Alwar is located at  It has an average elevation of 271 metres (889 feet)..
Mineral resources 
Alwar is fairly rich in mineral wealth. It produces marble, granite, feldspar, dolomite, quartz, lime stone, soap stone, barites, copper clay, copper ore and pyrophylite.
According to 2011 census the population of Alwar is 315,310.
- Kishangarh Bas
Villages in Alwar 
A full list of all villages in Alwar district is available.
Alwar has an important place in Agriculture production in Rajasthan. Total geographical area of the district is 7,83,281 hectares which is about 2.5 percent of the State. In 2010–2011 the net cultivated area is 5,07,171 hecters from which about 83 percent area viz. – 4,51,546 is irrigated and remaining 17 percent area viz. – 82,903 is unirrigated. Double cropped area is 2,52,049 hectares of which 32,230 hecter (12%) area is irrigated and remaining 2,19,819 hecter (88%) area is unirrigated. Thus, the total cropped area of the district is 8,12,873 hecters. In Kharif season Bajra, Maize, Jowar, Karif pulses, Arhar, Sesamum, Cotton, Guar etc. are sown in about 3,29,088 hectare (42%) and in Rabi season Wheat, Barley, Gram, Mustard, Taramira, Rabi pulses etc. are sown in about 4,52,527 hectare (58%). The main source of irrigation are wells and Tube Wells. By 26064 Tube Wells about 192861 hectare area is being irrigated and by 57196 Wells about 265169 hectares area is irrigated. By other sources like canals, tanks about 404 hectares area is irrigated. About 35470 electric motors and 66502 Diesel pump sets are being used for Irrigation purposes. The normal rainfall for the district is 657.3 mm. The average rainfall in last ten years in the district is 724 mm. The rainfall distribution in the district is uneven and scattered which resulted some times flood problems and some time draught position which affect the Agriculture production as well as cropping pattern in Kharif & Rabi season. Thus, the Agriculture in the district by and large depends on rainfall distribution. The average rainfall in 2011 up to sep. is 217 mm.
Alwar is famous for its Kalakand (Milk-Cake), a world famous dessert. This is a special desert made of Milk. Its demand from all over the world has given Alwar a special name on the map of world.
Kite Festival 
The people of Alwar celebrate the festival of Rakshabandhan enthusiastically by flying kites. In this sport they compete to cut each other's kite.
Ayurvedic Medicines 
Alwar is famous for variety of Ayurvedic and Unani Medicinal Products. Many ayurvedic firms originated here. One of the oldest ayurvedic firm is 'Lokopkarak Pharmaceutical Works'
Local attractions and excursions 
Alwar contains many interesting and historical monuments. The city has a beautiful lake and a picturesque valley. The Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in the Aravalli hills only a few kilometres away from Alwar. The sanctuary, which is a Project Tiger reserve, also boasts of many other species, including rare birds and plants. The military cantonment of Itarana lies on the outskirts of Alwar. Hill Fort Kesroli now a heritage hotel is also near by.
Raj Rishi College has existed in Alwar for over a hundred years.
Fairy Queen 
Fairy Queen is the oldest working engines in the world and one of national treasure (cultural artifacts) of India. The engine was built in 1855 and acquired by the Eastern Indian Railways from a British firm. Now the train is used for tourism purposes that departs from the Delhi encampment and reaches its destination at Alwar, in Rajasthan.
- The Alwar fort (Bala Quila)
- Sariska Tiger Reserve
- Sariska (horse)
- City Palace, Alwar
- Jagannath Temple
- Narayani Mata
- Vijay Mandir Palace
- Jain Mandir, Tijara
- Karni Mata Temple
- Jaysamand Lake
- Saagar, Dam
- Barrod – Fort and Rundha, Old Sikar Gaha
- Moti dungri
- Bhagat Singh Circle
List of River in Alwar 
- List of Dam of India
- List of lakes in India
- List of dams and reservoirs in India
- Reservoirs in India
Colleges in Alwar 
- Gauri Devi Govt. College for Women
- Babu Shobharam Govt. Arts College
- Siddhi Vinayak College, Alwar
- Laxmi Devi Institute of Engg. and Tech.,Chikani
- Institute of Engg. and Tech.,MIA: Institute of Engineering & Technology
- Sunrise University
- Govt. Shastri Shanskrit College, Alwar
- Alwar Institute of Engg. and Tech.,MIA
- Modern Institute of Technology and Research Centre
- karam mano vikas sansthan special college of D.ed sc(MR) and B.ed sc (MR)
- Extreme Weather Events India Meteorological Department
- History Of District Alwar. Alwar.nic.in. Retrieved on 2012-07-06.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Alwar. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-06.
- Mineral Resources. Govt of Rajasthan. alwar.nic.in
- "Alwar District Population Census 2011, Rajasthan literacy sex ratio and density". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Welcome to Alwar, The Gateway of Rajastan > Administrative Setup Of Alwar District". Alwar.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "History of Alwar,Origin of Alwar,Alwar History In Rajasthan India". Indiasite.com. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Sariska Palace | Hotel Sariska Palace | Sariska Palace Resort | Sariska Hotel | Sariska Palace Hotel. Thesariskapalace.in (2005-09-01). Retrieved on 2012-07-06.
- Powlett, P. W. (1838). Gazetteer of Ulwur (Alwar). London : Trübner & co.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Alwar|
- Official website
- Brief history of princely Alwar
- History of District Alwar
- Brief History and Coins of Princely State: Alwar
- Alwar Information
- Gazetteer of Ulwur
- Alwar and Sariska National Park
- One of the oldest ayurvedic firm