Amílcar de Sousa

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Portrait of Dr. Amílcar de Sousa, from "O Vegetariano", volume II, 1911

Amílcar Augusto Queirós de Sousa (1876–1940) was a Portuguese medical doctor, and author of many health books, being the most famous O Naturismo (Naturism), published in 1912. A pioneer of vegetarianism in Portugal, he was the president of the first Portuguese vegetarian society,[1] the Sociedade Vegetariana de Portugal, founded in the city of Porto, 1911,[2] and the director of O Vegetariano (The Vegetarian), a monthly magazine on vegetarianism.

He corresponded with many well known personalities from medicine and science, such as the German naturalist Ernst Haeckel,[3] the American medical doctor John Harvey Kellogg,[4] and the French physician Paul Carton.[5]

He advocated a raw vegetarian diet.[6] He was also against eggs, milk, tobacco and alcohol. He said that eating an egg was the same as ”eating a chicken embryo”[7] and that milk was “not the food of man.”[8]

D. M. Richardson wrote in the magazine The Healthy Life (July, 1912):

He was also a pacifist and frequently criticized war in his articles.

He considered Pythagoras to be the most notable philosopher of all time[10] and wrote that Jean-Jacques Rousseau was the best educator, as in Émile, or On Education, he valued education in contact with nature.[11]

Books in Spanish[edit]

Most of his books have been translated to Spanish. Some of them are:

  • El naturismo La Gutenberg. 1913. Valencia.[12][13]
  • La salud por el naturismo La Gutenberg. 1918. Valencia[14]
  • Tesis médica naturista
  • La curación del estreñimiento
  • Catecismo naturista
  • El naturismo en veinte lecciones
  • Cómo detendremos la muerte? (with Capo, N.)
  • Tesis Medica Naturista. Sauch. 1976. Barcelona[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, Porto.
  • Grande enciclopédia portuguesa e brasileira, Edição de Editorial Enciclopédia, limitada, 1936, volume 29, p. 761.
  • Grande enciclopédia portuguesa e brasileira, Edição de Editorial Enciclopédia, limitada, 1936, volume 34, p. 416.
  • Delmar Domingos de Carvalho, Vegetarianismo, a solução para uma vida e um mundo melhor, Editorial Minerva, Lisboa, 2009
  • A fotografia como prova documental da robustez dos vegetaristas, vegetarianos e frugívoros
  1. ^ Vegetarianism in Portugal: a century of history European Vegetarian Union
  2. ^ O Utopista portuense Ângelo Jorge: Subsídios para a sua biografia (Portuguese)
  3. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, III Volume, 1912, p. 32 and 135
  4. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, III Volume, 1912, p. 31
  5. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, III Volume, 1912, p. 382
  6. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, (in various articles)
  7. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado,V Volume, 1914, p. 350.
  8. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado,III Volume, 1912, p. 50.
  9. ^ Quoted in O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, III Volume, 1912, p. 183.
  10. ^ Interview in the newspaper A Capital, 11-1-1920.
  11. ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado X Volume, p. 179
  12. ^ Libros sobre Naturismo Sociedad Vegetariana Naturista de Valencia (Spanish)
  13. ^ Education, Physical Activities and Sport in a Historical Perspective (Spanish)
  14. ^ Catálogo Coletivo das Bibliotecas dos Arquivos Estatais e da Biblioteca do CIDA (Spanish)
  15. ^ Catálogo general de libros Antiguos (Spanish)