AMD Lance Am7990
AMD Lance Am7990 IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Media Access Controller (MAC) controller were introduced in 1985. Its architecture is the basis for AMD’s PCnet Family of highly integrated single-chip Ethernet controllers. The one exception is the Am79C940 MAC. The Am7990 chip was fabricated in NMOS technology and has no integrated Manchester encoder/decoder (ENDEC) nor does it have an integrated 10BASE-T transceiver.
||This section possibly contains original research. (November 2010)|
A later refabricated chip called the C-LANCE Am79C90 is made with 0.8 micrometre CMOS technology. The original NMOS version Am7990 and the CMOS Am79C90 version are differ in some details which may have an impact on device driver compatibility.
The datasheet for the CMOS version writes that the CMOS and NMOS versions are the same. But the "Table B-1. Comparison Summary of the C-LANCE and LANCE Devices" in the datasheet shows they differ. These differences are not likely to require modifications of any device driver.
The PCnet family of Ethernet controllers (PCnet-ISA II, PCnet-32, PCnet-PCI II and PCnet-FAST) is LANCE software compatible. This means you should be able use the original 16-bit software on these members of the PCnet family of single-chip Ethernet controllers.
The Am7990 can handle 10BASE-5 Type A, 10BASE-2 Type B, and 10BASE-T. Back-to-back packet reception with as little as 0,5 µs interframe spacing. DMA/Bus mastering 24-bit (16M) address capable. Up to 128 ring buffers can be used. 48 byte receive/transmit FIFO. Operates with 5 volt DC 5% supply and logic. Features an Time-domain reflectometer (TDR) with a granularity of 30 meter. 16,8 MHz maximum frequency. 
The old LANCE (Rev. C) chips have a bug which causes garbage to be inserted in front of the received packet. The workaround is to ignore packets with an invalid destination address (garbage will usually not match). Of course, this precludes multicast support. The Amiga SANA-II network interface API has poor multicast support. And this chip bug might be the reason.
No capability for transmit buffer byte count of zero. Receive lockup may occur if bus latency is large. External loopback on a live network may cause reception of invalid loopback failure indications. Receive descriptor zero byte count buffer interpreted as 4096 available bytes. Will poll computer memory every 1.6 ms for new packets to transmit.
- Amiga 2065 the first Ethernet controller for Amiga computer family. Uses the Zorro-II bus interface and equipped with the NMOS Am7990 chip.
- Sun Microsystems Sun Hydra 3/80, SPARCstation 1, SPARCstation 2, and SPARCstation IPX computer motherboard.
- Various x86-Personal computer ISA network interface cards (some called NE1500 and NE2100 ). Under Unix operating systems like FreeBSD/NetBSD/OpenBSD/Linux the device driver is usually called le(4).
- GXemul with le(4) emulating ARM, MIPS, M88K, PowerPC, and SuperH CPU. One example architecture is DECstation 5000 (3max).
- "AMD Am79C90 CMOS Local Area Network Controller for Ethernet (C-LANCE)". 090427 amd.com
- "Net186(tm) Demonstration Board User’s Manual". 090426 amd.com
- "fxr.watson.org: sys/dev/le/am7990.c". 090426 fxr.watson.org
- "Commodore: A2065". 090426 amiga-hardware.com
- "Amiga Linux/68k A2065 Ethernet Driver a2065.h". 090427 cvs.sourceforge.jp
- "Suns-at-Home Digest V10 #2". 090427 net-kitchen.com
- "comp.unix.admin, How to know Sun CPU type, 1993". 090427 groups.google.com
- "1993: SUMMARY min info script". 090427 sunmanagers.org
- "Linux Ethernet-Howto: Vendor/Manufacturer/Model Specific Information". 090428 mm.iit.uni-miskolc.hu
- "FreeBSD 7.1R manpage le(4)". 090426 freebsd.org