Ama Sumani

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Ama Sumani
Born (1965-04-08)8 April 1965
Ghana Accra, Ghana.
Died 19 March 2008(2008-03-19) (aged 42)
Ghana Accra, Ghana
Children

Mary (daughter, born circa 1992)

Samede (son, born circa 2001)[1][2][3]

Ama Sumani (28 August 1965 – 19 March 2008) was a Ghanaian woman who was expelled from the United Kingdom to Ghana while she was suffering from a terminal form of bone marrow cancer and receiving dialysis treatment after she had overstayed her visa. It had been reported that her expulsion caused her to go without a drug that could have prolonged her life, a drug not available in her native Ghana.[4]

Background[edit]

Ama Sumani, a mother of two,[3] first came to Wales in 2003 with a visitor's visa. According to her solicitor, with hopes of getting a degree in economics, she quickly applied for change in visa status to a student visa and attempted to stay in the U.K. by enrolling in a banking course at a local college in the Cardiff area.[5] Her lack of English language skills and poor educational level prevented her from enrolling. She returned to Ghana in 2005 to attend memorial services for her dead husband, but upon returning the UK, her student visa had been revoked. She was permitted to return to Wales under temporary admission assuming she adhered to certain conditions. She eventually violated those requirements by failing to maintain contact with immigration officials and moving without updating her contact information.[6][7]

Her illness[edit]

By January 2006, she was diagnosed with myeloma, a cancer affecting the bone marrow. By January 2008, the aggressive cancer replicated and led to other serious health problems, namely kidney failure. After she refused a medically recommended transplant operation, doctors began kidney dialysis treatment, in order to prolong her life. Despite the pleas of solicitors working on behalf of Sumani, the Home Office of the United Kingdom ruled that due to Sumani "knowingly overstaying her visa," she was to be "removed the country". Sumani and her representatives pleaded for compassion, noting that she could not afford dialysis treatment in Ghana, which would have cost £2,400 upfront to continue her treatment for three months.[8] On 9 January 2008, Sumani was removed from University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff and transported to Accra, in her native homeland Ghana.[6] Sumani's situation had drawn international media coverage and would soon become a major cause célèbre in both the UK, the Netherlands and Ghana due to her near terminal deteriorating health condition.[9] Officials noted her forced migration was not a 'deportation' because an expired visa merits void legal status in the UK.[6]

Controversy[edit]

In an editorial, the Lancet, a British medical journal, decried the decision and wrote, "The UK has committed an atrocious barbarism ... [I]t is time for doctors' leaders to say so - forcefully and uncompromisingly."[10] Church leaders in Wales, including Archbishop Dr. Barry Morgan and several other bishops were similarly upset, calling Sumani's removal a "breach of her basic human rights".[11] Mrs. Sumani's solicitor said she accepted her removal was fair but said they had made representations on her behalf on compassionate grounds. [12]

In the wake of public criticism, Home Office representative Lin Homer defended its actions, stating that Sumani's case, while difficult, was not exceptional. She noted, “We deal with many hundreds of cases where the personal circumstances reach and touch the people involved. It is one of the things that makes being a caseworker in the agency a difficult job.”[13]

Sumani's health deteriorated after the removal, as she had not received dialysis treatment for several days after her arrival in Ghana. An anonymous donation of £3,000 was sent by a Dutch resident in Cardiff, and by 20 January 2008, Sumani had begun receiving dialysis treatment.[14] A charitable fund for Sumani's medical expenses was established, and as of February 2008 £30,000 had been donated to the fund. Trudie Styler was reported to have donated £10,000 into the fund.[15]

Death[edit]

Despite the kidney dialysis treatments, she was not able to access a supply of thalidomide, a drug that might have prolonged her life.[16] Donors had reportedly raised £70,000 toward her treatments and were able to find doctors in Britain and South Africa to treat her. News of the upcoming treatments reached Sumani the morning of March 18, 2008.[4] Ama Sumani died in Korle Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra around 1600 GMT on March 19, 2008.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holt, Gerry (2008-05-08). "Ama Sumani children to visit their ‘Welsh’ family". Wales Online (Media Wales Ltd). Retrieved 2011-02-02. "Ama’s children Samede, seven, and Mary, 16, will make the trip from Ghana in the next month."  (Only Sameede and Mary found.)
  2. ^ "Mother's hopes for Ghana adoption". BBC News (news.bbc.co.uk). 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2011-02-02. "The Dutch woman, who lives in north Wales, says she will leave the UK if necessary to overcome obstacles to adopt Ama Sumani's son and daughter. She died last week, leaving her children - Mary, 16 and seven-year-old Samede - orphans." (Found Mary and Samede only.)
  3. ^ a b Wales on Sunday (2008-01-20). "Ama’s thanks to life-savers". Wales Online (Wales Media Ltd). Retrieved 2011-02-02. "Speaking from her hospital bed in Accra, Ghana, the widowed mother of two said: “I thank them from the bottom of my heart. She revealed that her children – Mary, 15, and seven-year-old Sameb – were delighted to have their mother home but were still fearful about their future." 
  4. ^ a b "Removed Ghana cancer woman dies". BBC News. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  5. ^ "Ghanaian cancer patient thrown out of the UK". The Ghanaian Journal (www.theghanaianjournal.com). 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2011-02-02. "She first came to the UK as a visitor in 2003, but then changed her status to student and attempted to enrol on a banking course at a city college, her solicitor explained. Ms Sumani’s lack of English prevented her from pursuing the course and she went to find work which contravened her student visa." 
  6. ^ a b c "Cancer patient loses visa battle". BBC News. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  7. ^ "Concert helps Ama Sumani orphans". BBC News. 2008-03-22. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  8. ^ Travis, Alan (2008-01-16). "Immigration chief defends deportation of cancer patient". Guardian Unlimited (London). Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  9. ^ Travis, Alan (2008-01-16). "Immigration chief defends deportation of cancer patient". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  10. ^ "'No U-turn' in cancer woman row". BBC News. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Bishops' appeal over cancer patient row". icWales.co.uk. 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  12. ^ "Cancer patient loses visa battle". BBC News. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  13. ^ Ford, Richard (2008-01-16). "Cancer deportation 'not exceptional'". The Times (of London) (Times Online). Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  14. ^ "Ama's thanks". icWales.co.uk. 2008-01-20. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  15. ^ "Star's support for cancer woman". BBC News. 2008-02-17. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  16. ^ Murphy, Clare (2008-04-03). "Thalidomide: a curse and a blessing?". BBC News (news.bbc.co.uk). Retrieved 2011-02-02. "Deported Ghanaian Ama Sumani needed thalidomide to prolong her life...Last month, a woman who was controversially deported back to Ghana from the UK while in the middle of cancer treatment, died. The drug she needed to prolong her life was not available. It was thalidomide." 

External links[edit]