Amadeus V, Count of Savoy

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Amadeus V, Count of Savoy
Count of Savoy
Blason duche fr Savoie.svg
Coat of Arms of the Counts of Savoy
Spouse(s) Sybille of Bâgé
Marie of Brabant
Noble family House of Savoy
Father Thomas II of Savoy
Mother Beatrice Fieschi
Born 4 September 1249
Le Bourget-du-Lac
Died 16 October 1323(1323-10-16)
Avignon

Amadeus V (4 September 1249, Le Bourget-du-Lac – 16 October 1323, Avignon), surnamed the Great for his wisdom and success as a ruler, was the Count of Savoy from 1285 to 1323. He established Chambéry as his seat. He was the son of Thomas II of Savoy and Beatrice Fieschi.

Biography[edit]

Amadeus was born at Le Bourget-du-Lac, and succeeded his childless paternal uncle Philip I, Count of Savoy as Count of Savoy in 1285. Amadeus was a younger brother of Thomas III of Piedmont, who had died in 1282. Thomas had been succeeded by his eldest son Philip I of Piedmont who had a stronger claim to the County than Amadeus. However Philip was about seven years old and at the time unable to press a claim.

Amadeus managed to secure the support of his nephew by offering Philip control of Turin and Pinerolo. Amadeus also secured the loyalty of his younger brother Louis by offering him Vaud as an hereditary barony.

On 1 October 1285, Amadeus was declared protector of Geneva after negotiations with the Bishop of Geneva. The hereditary title belonged to Amadeus II, Count of Geneva who was in conflift with the Bishop.

Through his marriage to Sybilla, Countess of Bugey and Bresse, he was able to incorporate these Burgundian districts into his states. Later expansion saw his dominions further increased.

In 1295, Amadeus acquired the Chambéry fortress from its previous owner Hugh of La Rochette. He chose Chambéry as his main residence and in the following decorated it with paintings.

Among his successes was the Treaty of Annemasse which the Count of Geneva and the Dauphin of Viennois accepted subservient roles to him as his vassals. The treaty was the result of military victories over the both of them. In 1301, Amadeus also settled his dispute over control of Valais with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion.

His reign, however, also saw friction between the County of Savoy and the Duchy of Austria. He pursued an alliance with the Kingdom of France and received Maulévrier in Normandy as a result of initial good relations.

The eventual recovery of Lyon by the Kings of France alerted Amadeus to their expansionistic tendencies towards the regions by the Alps. He sought a powerful ally against potential hostility in Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor. Henry was married to Margaret of Brabant, sister-in-law of Amadeus. The relation through marriage probably helped the alliance. Henry awarded Amadeus with the title of imperial vicar for the Kingdom of Italy and at least titular claim over the Asti region.

In 1315, Amadeus assisted the Knights Hospitaller in the defense of Rhodes against the Turks.

Family and children[edit]

He first married Sybille of Bâgé and had 8 children:

  1. Bonne of Savoy, married twice: 1) John I of Viennois, dauphin of Viennois, 2) Hugh of Burgundy, lord of Montbauson
  2. John of Savoy
  3. Beatrice of Savoy
  4. Edoardo
  5. Eleonor of Savoy, married three times: 1) William of Chalon, Count of Auxerre and Tonnerre, 2) Dreux IV of Mello, and 3) John I, count Forez - their children included Marguerite of Mello, who married John II of Chalon-Arlay
  6. Margaret of Savoy, d. 1349, married to John I of Montferrat
  7. Agnes of Savoy, d. 1372, married to William III of Geneva
  8. Aimone

He married, secondly, Maria of Brabant who was a daughter of John I, Duke of Brabant and Margaret of Flanders. Her maternal grandparents were Guy of Dampierre and his first wife Matilda of Bethune. They had 4 children:

  1. Maria of Savoy
  2. Catherine of Savoy, d. 1336, married to Leopold I (duke of Austria and Styria)
  3. Anna of Savoy, d. 1359, married to Byzantine Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos
  4. Beatrice of Savoy (1310–1331), married in 1327 to Henry VI, Duke of Carinthia, count of Tirol

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Amadeus III of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Humbert III of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Matilda of Albon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Thomas I of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Gerad I of Mâcon and Vienne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Beatrice of Viennois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Maurette of Salins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Thomas II of Piedmont
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Amadeus I of Geneva
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. William I of Geneva
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Matilda of Cuiseaux
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Margaret of Geneva
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Aimon of Faucigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Beatrice of Faucigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Clemence
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Amadeus V of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Teodoro II Fieschi of Lavagna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Ugo Fieschi of Lavagna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Teodoro III Fieschi of Lavagna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Amico di Grillo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Brumisan di Grillo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Beatrice Fieschi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Raymond della Volta de Capo-Corso
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Simone della Volta
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links[edit]

Amadeus V
Born: between 1249 and 1253 Died: 16 October 1323
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip I
Count of Savoy
1285–1323
Succeeded by
Edward