|Official name: Concelho de Amadora|
|Area||23.8 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|Density||7,405 / km2 (19,179 / sq mi)|
|President||Carla Tavares (PS)|
|Municipal chair||Joaquim Raposo (PS)|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Municipal holidays||11 September|
|Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Amadora (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐmɐˈðoɾɐ]) is a municipality and urbanized city in the northwest of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The municipal population is 175,872, with an area of 23.77 square kilometres (9.18 sq mi): it is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Portugal. Most of shanty towns still existent in Lisbon Metropolitan Area are located in this municipality.
Originally named Porcalhota, for being a Majorat of the daughter of one man surnamed Porcalho who was called for being a female Porcalhota.
The Aqueduto das Águas Livres, which brings water from Sintra hills to Lisbon, and stretches 30 kilometres (19 mi), was finished in the 1770s and includes the largest masonry only arch ever built, located in Campolide — local coat of arms also displays the aqueduct (like others along its way).
At the request of its population, in 1907, a decree issued during King Carlos I reign, merged the communities of Porcalhota, Amadora and Venteira into one municipality that named it Amadora.
At the present time Amadora does not have any airfield. However, in the 1920s a small airfield (the first in Portugal) was located here. The first air-travel from Portugal to Brazil had its departure from Amadora. The Captain of the airplane was Adm. Gago Coutinho, a well known Portuguese celebrity.
The municipality was formed on 11 September 1979, when it ceased being a parish of the municipality of Oeiras. Few days later, on 17 September, Amadora was granted city status.
The former Sorefame railway rolling stock factory was located in Amadora, but was closed in 2004. Most of the carriages for Portuguese Railways built during the second half of the 20th century were constructed here.
One of the largest urban communities in Portugal, Amadora forms a conurbation with the Lisbon, sharing the same subway, bus and train networks. It is essentially a suburban extension of the capital, dominated by large apartment blocks, commercial parks and industrial areas.
- Águas Livres
- Encosta do Sol
- Falagueira-Venda Nova
- Mina de Água
Although major rehabilitation plans have been started, Amadora is still regarded as a city with a crime rate higher than the national average. The shanty town of Cova da Moura, in Amadora, is an incredible example of what one might call lateral citizenship. Starting during the 1970s and 1980s, in less than 30 years, over 10,000 men and women, mostly from the Cape Verde (but also from the North of Portugal and Angola), built an illegal town inside the city. Drug dealing and gangs, as well as unemployment and poverty, are responsible for most of the fear that Cova da Moura inspires to any average citizen. The place is, however, home to dozens of hairdressers that operate in Cova da Moura and are responsible for some of the most creative hair sculptures one can see everywhere in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, and is a centre of both rap music and Hip Hop Tuga suburban culture.
Despite being essentially a residential city, Amadora has commercial zones, industries and headquarters of international companies operating in Portugal.
As commercial zones, it has IKEA, Deacathlon, Alegro, Continente and Dolce Vita Tejo (one of the biggest shopping malls in Europe). Siemens and Roche are examples of international companies based in Amadora.
Amadora's public transport network is extremely far-reaching and reliable, being fully integrated with the transportation network of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. It has 2 metro stations, the commuter Sintra train line with 3 stations, 2 bus services (Vimeca and Carris) and 4 motorways around the city (2ª Circular, CRIL, CREL and IC-16).
- INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 January 2012
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 13" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- Amadora International Comics Festival - official festival Web site
- Photos from AMADORA
- Latest photos and urban developments of Amadora.
-  - media information