Amager

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Amager
Vor Frelsers Kirke - Amager!.jpg
The northern part of Amager as seen from the tower of Our Saviour's Church in Christianshavn
Denmark location amager.svg
Geography
Location Øresund
Coordinates 55°37′N 12°37′E / 55.617°N 12.617°E / 55.617; 12.617
Area 96.29 km2 (37.18 sq mi)
Length 16.1 km (10 mi)
Width 11.1 km (6.9 mi)
Country
Region Capital Region
Municipality Copenhagen, Tårnby, Dragør
Demographics
Population 171,210 (as of 2010)
Density 1,796.6 /km2 (4,653.2 /sq mi)
Aerial view of Amager.

Amager ([ˈɑmɑːˀ] or, especially among older speakers, [ˈɑmæɪ̯ˀɐ]) is a Danish island in the Øresund. The Danish capital, Copenhagen, is partly situated on Amager, which is connected to the much larger island of Zealand by five bridges. Amager also has a connection across the Øresund to Sweden, the Øresund Connection. Its western part begins with a tunnel from Amager to another Danish island, Peberholm. Copenhagen Airport is located on the island, around 7 km from Copenhagen City Centre. Amager is the largest island in Øresund, and the only with a large population. As of 2014 close to 180.000 people lives on the island, including its northern tip, Christianshavn. The northern part is included in Copenhagen minicipality. The middle part comprises Tårnby municipality and Dragør municipality is located on the south-east part of the island. Most of the western part is an 1930's to 1950's enlargement from the shallow sound towards Zealand, which in known as Kalveboderne. The enlargement has never been been build-up and its soil isn't suitable for agricultural use. However the area between Dragør town and the airport is cultivated area of best quality. Amager has in the past been referred to as the "kitchen of Copenhagen". At the border to the enlargement an old beech , Kongelunden (The King's Grove) is located.

History[edit]

Amager has long been populated, and well used, thanks to its rich soil and proximity to Copenhagen. In 1521, Christian II invited some Dutch farmers to move to Amager and grow vegetables to supply the Danish Court and Copenhagen. It was only in the late 19th century that Copenhagen began to expand onto the island (Sundbyerne), and in 1902 these built-up areas were incorporated into Copenhagen.

During the Second World War, high unemployment in Copenhagen led authorities to drain a large part of the sea, west of the island, and build a dam to hold out the water, effectively adding one half of Amager's previous area to the island.

The reclaimed area is currently known as Kalvebod Fælled, and was originally a military area, but today it is part of a major construction area called the Ørestad, being thought of as an extension to central Copenhagen. The area houses such major facilities as the Bella Center, a convention and exposition center, and Field's, the second-largest shopping center in Scandinavia. This project was initiated by the Danish government.

The beach area to the east of the island, known as Amager Strandpark (Amager Beach Park), which had fallen into disrepair since its inception in the 1930s, was extensively redeveloped between May 2004 and August 2005. A 2-km-long artificial island was constructed just off the mainland, which narrows to the southeast, creating a small lagoon.

During the 1970s, Amager was used as a place to dump litter; this led to a slang term for the island 'Lorteøen' (Shit Island). See Renholdningsselskabet af 1898.

Amenities[edit]

Large parts of Kalvebod Fælled are rich in nature and have many grazing cows and horses. This area allows the citizens of Copenhagen to experience nature, without travelling far from the city.

The seaward-facing side of the island has a wide sandy bathing beach, while the lagoon-facing side is mainly made up of low dunes. There is another beach on the mainland side of the lagoon, which runs alongside the beach road. Ice-cream kiosks, coffee shops, a marina and two small recreational parks can also be found in the Strandpark area. The lagoon is popular, and regularly used, for water sports – such as kayaking or wind-surfing.

Amager is also home to the Amager Bio, a cinema, concert and cultural venue. Top bands from the last 40 years have played there, both those of international origin (Prince, Aimee Mann, Uriah Heep, King Crimson, Cradle of Filth, John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, Jethro Tull, The Moody Blues, MGMT, Nas, Andrew Bird) and from Denmark (D.A.D, Dodo and the Dodos, Johnny Deluxe, Big Fat Snake).

Communities[edit]

Various communities are located on Amager, including Islands Brygge, and the towns of Dragør, Kastrup, and Tårnby.

Transport[edit]

The Øresund Bridge connects Sweden to Denmark at Amager. The construction of the bridge has had a significant impact on the physical geography of the island, largely due to the construction of new highways.

The Copenhagen Metro connects Amager to central Copenhagen. The metro line from Vanløse to Amager divides into M1 and M2 lines at Christianshavn and then continue to Vestamager and Lufthavnen (Copenhagen Airport).

Copenhagen Airport is in the eastern part of Amager. It is linked by train, metro and bus services.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°37′N 12°37′E / 55.617°N 12.617°E / 55.617; 12.617