Amanda Blake

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Amanda Blake
Amanda Blake in Stars in My Crown trailer.jpg
Born Beverly Louise Neill
(1929-02-20)February 20, 1929
Buffalo, New York, U.S.
Died August 16, 1989(1989-08-16) (aged 60)
Sacramento, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1950–1989
Spouse(s) Don Whitman (m. 1954–55)
Jason Day (m. 1964–67)
Frank Gilbert (m. 1967–82)
Mark Spaeth (m. 1984–85)

Amanda Blake (February 20, 1929 – August 16, 1989) was an American actress best known for the role of the red-haired saloon proprietress "Miss Kitty Russell" on the television western Gunsmoke. She and her third husband Frank Gilbert ran one of the first successful programs for breeding cheetahs in captivity.

Early life and career[edit]

Amanda Blake was born Beverly Louise Neill in Buffalo, New York, the only child of Jesse and Louise (née Puckett) Neill. Her father was a banker, and she was a telephone operator before taking up acting. Catherine ″Kate" Moore Barry (1752-1823), one of her ancestors, was a heroine of the American Revolutionary War. She warned local patriots of Banastre Tarleton's approach, giving them time to group and prepare for the Battle of Cowpens (January 17, 1781), a major American victory which helped pave the way for the British defeat at Yorktown. Blake placed a cameo-sized portrait of Barry owned by her family in the Spartanburg, South Carolina local history museum, where it remains on display to this day.[citation needed]

As Miss Kitty in Gunsmoke, 1966.

Nicknamed "the Young Greer Garson,"[1] she became best known for her 19-year stint as the saloon-keeper Miss Kitty on the television series Gunsmoke from 1955-74.

In 1968, Blake was inducted into the Hall of Great Western Performers at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City.[2] She was the third performer inducted, after Tom Mix and Gary Cooper, selected in 1958 and 1966, respectively.

Due to her continuing role on television, Blake rarely had time for films. She appeared in a TV comedy routine with Red Skelton and was a panelist on the long-running Hollywood Squares and Match Game 74. In 1957, she guest-starred as Betty Lavon-Coate in the episode titled "Coate of Many Colors" on Rod Cameron's crime drama, State Trooper. After the Gunsmoke reunion film, she made two feature film appearances: in The Boost, a drug-addiction drama starring James Woods and Sean Young, and in B.O.R.N (both 1988).[3]

Animal welfare[edit]

After Gunsmoke, Blake went into semi-retirement at her home in Phoenix, taking on only a few film and TV projects. She said she wanted to devote more time to her animals.[4] She had been known for bringing her pet lion Kemo onto the Gunsmoke set.[5] He lived in an animal compound at her home where Blake and her husband Frank Gilbert also ran an experimental breeding program for cheetahs. They were one of the first to breed cheetahs successfully in captivity, and raised seven generations of cheetahs.[6]

Blake joined with others to form the Arizona Animal Welfare League in 1971, today the oldest and largest "no-kill" animal shelter in the state. In 1985, she helped finance the start-up of the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) and devoted a great deal of time and money in support of its efforts, including travels to Africa. Blake reportedly was a one-time board member of the Humane Society of the United States. In 1997, the Amanda Blake Memorial Wildlife Refuge opened at Rancho Seco Park in Herald, California. The refuge provides sanctuary for free-ranging African hoofed wildlife, most of whom were originally destined for exotic animal auctions or hunting ranches.[7]

Declining health and death[edit]

Blake had been a heavy cigarette smoker and had surgery for oral cancer in 1977. She became a supporter of the American Cancer Society and made fundraising appearances throughout the country. In 1984, she was the recipient of the society's annual Courage Award.[8]

According to the New York Times, Blake died on August 16, 1989, from complications of AIDS.[9] There was some confusion over the exact cause of her death. When she died at Mercy General Hospital in Sacramento, California, a statement by the hospital and some of her friends reported the cause of death as cancer. Blake's death certificate, however, listed the immediate cause as cardiopulmonary arrest due to liver failure and CMV (cytomegalovirus) hepatitis. CMV hepatitis is AIDS-related. The facts of her death from AIDS-related complications were reported in People Magazine the same year she died, being detailed by other friends and her main doctor.[10] There has been mild speculation, but no definitive proof, as to how Blake contracted the fatal illness.[10]

Selected filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1950 Stars In My Crown Faith Radmore Samuels
1950 Duchess of Idaho Linda Kinston
1951 China Corsair Jane Richards
1951 Family Secret, TheThe Family Secret Telephone Girl Uncredited
1952 Cattle Town Townsperson
1953 Lili Peach Lips (red-haired dame)
1954 Miss Robin Crusoe Robin Crusoe
1954 About Mrs. Leslie Gilly
1954 Star Is Born, AA Star Is Born Susan Ettinger
1954 Adventures of Hajji Baba, TheThe Adventures of Hajji Baba Banah
1955 Glass Slipper, TheThe Glass Slipper Birdena
1988 Boost, TheThe Boost Barbara
1988 B.O.R.N. Rosie
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1952 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars 2 episodes
1953 Cavalcade of America Nancy Hart Episode: "Breakfast at Nancy's"
1954 Four Star Playhouse Susan Pierce Episode: "Vote of Confidence"
1955–
1974
Gunsmoke Kitty Russell 425 episodes
1956 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Carol Arlington Episode: "Whodunit"
1957 State Trooper Betty Lavon-Coate Episode: "Coate of Many Colors"
1957–
1963
Red Skelton Show, TheThe Red Skelton Show Ruby 7 episodes
1958 Studio One Joan Roberts Episode: "Tide of Corruption"
1959 Steve Canyon Molly McIntyre Episode: "Room 313"
1974 Betrayal Helen Mercer ABC Movie of the Week
1976 Quest, TheThe Quest Miss Sally Episode: "Day of Outrage"
1979 Love Boat, TheThe Love Boat Nora Knox Episode: "The Oldies But Goodies..."
1983 Hart to Hart Big Sam Episode: "The Wayward Hart"
1983 The Edge of Night Dr. Juliana Stanhower 5 Episodes
1986 Brothers Carlotta Episode: "A Penny a Dance"
1987 Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge (TV movie) Kitty Russell including flashbacks to Gunsmoke episodes
1989 New Dragnet, TheThe New Dragnet Mrs. Sylvia Wilson Episode: "Nouveau Gypsies"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gunsmoke". GunsmokeNet.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  2. ^ "Great Western Performers". Nationalcowboymuseum.org. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  3. ^ Amanda Blake at the Internet Movie Database
  4. ^ "Amanda Blake gets 5 baby cheetahs". Boca Raton News. December 19, 1974. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ Browning, Norma Lee (February 26, 1974). "Amanda Blake's Lion Upsets 'Gunsmoke' Set". Toledo Blade. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  6. ^ Caras, Roger A. (2001). A Perfect Harmony: The Intertwining Lives of Animals and Humans Throughout History. Purdue University Press. pp. 194–195. ISBN 978-1-55753-241-1. 
  7. ^ The Amanda Blake Memorial Wildlife Refuge website; accessed August 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Amanda Blake, 60, Saloonkeeper On TV's 'Gunsmoke' for 19 Years". The New York Times. August 18, 1989. 
  9. ^ "Amanda Blake Died of AIDS, Doctor Says". The New York Times. November 8, 1989. 
  10. ^ a b Stark, John; Hoover, Eleanor (November 20, 1989). "Friends—and Her Doctor—say AIDS, Not Cancer, Killed Gunsmoke's Amanda Blake". People 32 (21). 

External links[edit]