Amanty Airdrome

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amanty Airdrome
Part of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)
Located near: Amanty, France
Amanty Airdrome 2 - France.jpg
Photo of Amanty Airdrome in 1918, looking from the southwest. Many Salmson 2A2 observation planes are parked on the grassy airfield. Note the D 186 road crossing the field. Most of the station buildings are in the forest to the north (left side of the photograph).
Amanty Airdrome is located in France
Amanty Airdrome
Amanty Airdrome
Coordinates 48°31′36″N 005°35′53″E / 48.52667°N 5.59806°E / 48.52667; 5.59806
Type Training airfield
Site information
Controlled by US Army Air Roundel.svg  Air Service, United States Army
Condition Agricultural area
Site history
Built 1918
In use 1918–1919
Battles/wars World War I War Service Streamer without inscription.png
World War I
Garrison information
Garrison 1st Observation Group School
1st Day Bombardment Group
United States First Army Air Service
Building 47 in the woods at Amanty Airdrome

Amanty Airdrome was a temporary World War I airfield in France. It was located 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of Amanty, in the Meuse department in the Lorraine region in northeastern France.

History[edit]

The airfield was used by the Air Service, United States Army between 1917 and 1919. As with most temporary airfields during World War I, it was set up quickly on existing farmer's fields which was used as an all-way airfield for aircraft takeoffs and landings. Canvas and metal tubing type hangars were erected for aircraft maintenance, and wooden buildings were set up for barracks, operations, maintenance and other station needs.

Amanty Airdrome was primarily used as a training airfield for new units formed by the First Army Air Service. It was the home of the 1st Observation Group School for aerial observers and aerial photography. Aero Squadrons trained at the airfield were:

After completion of training, the squadrons then were assigned to the 1st Army Observation Group for long-range strategic reconnaissance operations over enemy territory; or assigned to one of the First Army Corps for tactical, battlefield reconnaissance and observation duties.

Beginning in September 1918, the 1st Day Bombardment Group moved to Amanty and began combat operations during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

With the advance of Allied forces, the group moved up to Maulan Aerodrome to be closer to the line, and Amanty was unused by flying units. After the Armistice with Germany on 11 November 1918, the First Army Air Service remained in place until it was ordered demobilized in April 1919. Afterwards Amanty Airdrome was dismantled, and the airfield was returned to the local farmers for agricultural use. Today little or no traces of it remain.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Series "D", Volume 2, Squadron histories,. Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

External links[edit]