Amar Sonar Bangla
|English: My Golden/beloved Bengal|
|Amar Sonar Bangla|
National anthem of Bangladesh
|Lyrics||Rabindranath Tagore, 1905|
|Music||Rabindranath Tagore, 1905|
|Music of Bangladesh|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||Amar Sonar Bangla|
|Other||Chol Chol Chol
Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano
Amar Sonar Bangla (Bengali: আমার সোনার বাংলা, pronounced: [amar ʃonar baŋla] lit."My Golden Bengal") is the national anthem of Bangladesh. It is part of a Bengali song with the same title, written by Rabindranath Tagore in 1905.
The word সোনার sonar literally means 'made of gold', but in the song সোনার বাংলা sonar Bangla may be interpreted to either express the preciousness of Bengal or a reference to the colour of paddy fields before harvest.
The song was written in 1905 during the period of বঙ্গভঙ্গ Bônggôbhônggô (Partition of Bengal (1905)) - when the ruling British empire had the province of Bengal (of undivided India) split into two parts; the decision on the Partition of Bengal was announced on 19 July 1905 by then Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took effect on 16 October 1905. This divide of Bengal was along communal lines — East Bengal had a majority of Muslims, while West Bengal had a majority of Hindus. This partition is claimed to have undermined India's national movement against British imperialism, and is said to have been politically motivated. This song, along with a host of others, was written by Tagore, a pioneer of the cultural and political movement against this partition. These songs were meant to rekindle the unified spirit of Bengal, to raise public consciousness against the communal political divide.
The lyrics first appeared in the September issues of "Bongodorshon" and "Baul" simultaneously, in 1905. The song along with the musical notation (referred to as swaralipi in Bengali), first appeared in the periodical musical journal Shongeet Biggnan Probeshika in the same month and year. Indira Devi, Tagore's niece, Satyendranath Tagore's daughter, jotted down the musical notation hearing it from Tagore himself (this was the common norm, Tagore singing the song, and someone formally jotting down the musical notations).
The first 10 lines of this song constitute the national anthem of Bangladesh. It was adopted in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. The instrumental orchestra rendition was composed by Samar Das. The English translation was done by Syed Ali Ahsan.
|Bangla (Bengali)||Transliteration||Literal English translation|
আমার সোনার বাংলা
Amar sonar Bangla
My beloved Bengal
The Ministry of Cultural Affairs planned to stage an event on the 44th Independence Day of Bangladesh, in a bid to have the world record of the most people singing a national anthem simultaneously. Consequently, on 2 March, the ministry launched a program titled "Lakho Konthe Sonar Bangla". The main objective was to hold an event with the cooperation of Bangladesh Armed Forces where approximately three hundred thousand people would sing the national anthem. The program was later joined by several popular Bangladeshi musicians and cultural groups.
The record was broken at 11:20 On 26 March 2014 by 254,537 participants at the National Parade Ground in Dhaka. The event was attended by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Speaker of Jatiya Sangsad and all the members of the cabinet. After receiving the required evidence, the Guinness Book of World Records approved the record on 9 April.
- Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano, a song in the memory of the martyrs of the Bengali language movement
- Chol Chol Chol, the national marching song of Bangladesh, written by Kazi Nazrul Islam.
- "The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangadesh - 4. National anthem, flag and emblem". Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs.
- "Bangladesh: Amar Sonar Bangla". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- "Samar Das". Banglapedia. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
- "Logo of ‘Lakho Konthe Sonar Bangla’ unveiled". The Independent. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "Bangladesh prepares for another record". New Age. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "Bangladesh sets world record singing nat’l anthem". New Age. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "Guinness accepts national anthem record". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Bangladesh: Amar Shonar Bangla - Audio of the national anthem of Bangladesh, with information and lyrics