Amar Sonar Bangla

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আমার সোনার বাংলা
English: My Golden/beloved Bengal
Amar Sonar Bangla
Flag of Bangladesh.svg

National anthem of
 Bangladesh

Lyrics Rabindranath Tagore, 1905
Music Rabindranath Tagore, 1905
Adopted 1972
Music sample
Music of Bangladesh
Paban Das Baul at Nine Lives concert, 2009.jpg
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Amar Sonar Bangla (Bengali: আমার সোনার বাংলা, "My Golden Bengal" pronounced as Amar Shonar Bangla) is a 1905 song written and composed by the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, the first ten lines of which were adopted in 1972 as the national anthem of Bangladesh.[1]

The word সোনার sonar literally means 'made of gold', but in the song সোনার বাংলা sonar Bangla may be interpreted to either express the preciousness of Bengal or a reference to the colour of paddy fields before harvest.

The song was written in 1905 during the period of বঙ্গভঙ্গ Bônggôbhônggô (Partition of Bengal (1905)) - when the ruling British empire had the province of Bengal (of undivided India) split into two parts; the decision on the Partition of Bengal was announced on 19 July 1905 by then Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took effect on 16 October 1905. This divide of Bengal was along communal lines — East Bengal had a majority of Muslims, while West Bengal had a majority of Hindus. This partition is claimed to have undermined India's national movement against British imperialism, and is said to have been politically motivated. This song, along with a host of others, was written by Tagore, a pioneer of the cultural and political movement against this partition. These songs were meant to rekindle the unified spirit of Bengal, to raise public consciousness against the communal political divide.

The lyrics first appeared in the September issues of "Bongodorshon" and "Baul" simultaneously, in 1905. The song along with the musical notation (referred to as swaralipi in Bengali), first appeared in the periodical musical journal Shongeet Biggnan Probeshika in the same month and year. Indira Devi, Tagore's niece, Satyendranath Tagore's daughter, jotted down the musical notation hearing it from Tagore himself (this was the common norm, Tagore singing the song, and someone formally jotting down the musical notations). It is said that the music of this song was inspired by the Baul singer Gagan Harkara's song কোথায় পাবো তারে "Ami Kothay Pabo Tare".[2]

The first 10 lines of this song constitute the national anthem of Bangladesh. It was adopted in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. The instrumental orchestra rendition was composed by Samar Das.[3] The English translation was done by Syed Ali Ahsan.

Rabindranath Tagore, Composer of the song

Lyrics[edit]

Bangla (Bengali) Transliteration Literal English translation

আমার সোনার বাংলা

আমার সোনার বাংলা,
আমি তোমায় ভালবাসি।

চিরদিন তোমার আকাশ,
তোমার বাতাস
আমার প্রাণে বাজায় বাঁশি।

ও মা,
ফাগুনে তোর আমের বনে
ঘ্রাণে পাগল করে
মরি হায়, হায় রে
ও মা,
অঘ্রানে তোর ভরা ক্ষেতে,
আমি কী দেখেছি মধুর হাসি।।

কী শোভা, কী ছায়া গো,
কী স্নেহ, কী মায়া গো,
কী আঁচল বিছায়েছ
বটের মূলে,
নদীর কূলে কূলে।

মা, তোর মুখের বাণী
আমার কানে লাগে
সুধার মতো-

মা তোর বদন খানি মলিন হলে
আমি নয়ন
ও মা আমি নয়ন জলে ভাসি
সোনার বাংলা,
আমি তোমায় ভালবাসি।

Amar sonar Bangla

Amar sonar Bangla
Ami tomay bhalôbasi

Chirôdin tomar akash,
Tomar batas,
Amar prane bajay bãshi.

O ma
Fagune tor amer bône
Ghrane pagôl kôre,
Môri hay, hay re,
O ma,
Ôghrane tor bhôra khete
Ami ki dekhechhi môdhur hasi.

Ki shobha, ki chhaya go,
Ki snehô, ki maya go,
Ki ãchôl bichhayechhô
Bôter mule,
Nôdir kule kule.

Ma, tor mukher bani
Amar kane lage
Sudhar môto-

Ma tor bôdôn khani môlin hôle
ami nôyôn
o ma ami nôyôn jôle bhasi
sonar Bangla,
ami tomay bhalôbasi!

My beloved Bengal

My Bengal of Gold,
I love you.

Forever your skies,
Your air set my heart in tune
As if it were a flute.

In spring, O mother mine,
The fragrance from your mango groves
Makes me wild with joy,
Ah, what a thrill!
In autumn, O mother mine,
In the full blossomed paddy fields
I have seen spread all over sweet smiles.

Ah, what beauty, what shades,
What an affection, and what tenderness!
What a quilt have you spread
At the feet of banyan trees
And along the banks of rivers!

Oh mother mine, words from your lips
Are like nectar to my ears.
Ah, what a thrill!

If sadness, O mother mine,
Casts a gloom on your face,
My eyes are filled with tears!
Golden Bengal,
I love you.

World Record[edit]

The most people singing a national anthem simultaneously numbers 254,537 at the National Parade Ground in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on 26 March 2014 was recorded in Guiness world record.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bangladesh: Amar Sonar Bangla". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  2. ^ Folk singer, Swapan Basu, demonstrates the similarity in a live recitation (0:43/8:46 to 1:21/8:46)
  3. ^ "Samar Das". Banglapedia. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  4. ^ [1]

External links[edit]