Amaras Monastery

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Amaras Monastery
Ամարաս վանք
Amaras-church.jpeg
The church of St. Grigoris of the Amaras Monastery (established in the 4th century, rebuilt in the 19th century)
Amaras Monastery is located in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Amaras Monastery
Shown within Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Basic information
Location near Sos, Martuni Province,
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Geographic coordinates 39°41′02″N 47°03′25″E / 39.684°N 47.057°E / 39.684; 47.057Coordinates: 39°41′02″N 47°03′25″E / 39.684°N 47.057°E / 39.684; 47.057
Affiliation Armenian Apostolic Church
Website www.amaras.org
Architectural description
Architectural style Armenian
Groundbreaking 4th-19th century

Amaras Monastery (Armenian: Ամարաս վանք) is one of the oldest Christian sites in the world [1] and in Nagorno-Karabakh, and is an Armenian Apostolic monastery located near the village of Sos in the Martuni Rayon of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic .[2]

History[edit]

According to medieval chroniclers Faustus Byuzand and Movses Kaghankatvatsi, St. Gregory the Illuminator found the Amaras Monastery at the start of the fourth century.[3][4]

Amaras was the burial place of St. Gregory the Illuminator's grandson, St. Grigoris (died in 338). A tomb built for his remains still survives under the apse of the nineteenth-century church of St. Grigoris.

Amaras' temple of Saint Grigoris

At the beginning of the fifth century Mesrop Mashtots, the inventor of the Armenian Alphabet, established in Amaras the first-ever school that used his script.[5][6]

The monastery was plundered in the thirteenth century by the Mongols, destroyed in 1387 during Tamerlane's invasion, and demolished again in the sixteenth century. It underwent radical restructuring in the second quarter of the seventeenth century when the surviving defensive walls were constructed.

Amaras was later abandoned, and in the first half of the nineteenth century the monastery served as a frontier fortress for Russian imperial troops.

The Armenian Apostolic Church reclaimed the monastery in 1848. The monastery's church appears to have been severely damaged during the period of military occupation, to the extent that a new church had to be constructed on the site of the old one. This new church, dedicated to St. Grigoris, was built in 1858 and paid for by the Armenians of the city of Shusha. It still survives and is a three-nave basilica constructed from bright white stone.

The monastery was abandoned during the Soviet period.

Tomb of St. Grigoris[edit]

St. Grigoris was originally buried at the eastern end of the now vanished St. Gregory church. In 489 Vachagan III the Pious, king of Caucasian Albania, renovated Amaras, restoring the church and constructing a new chapel for the remains of St. Grigoris. In later centuries a church was built over this chapel-tomb.

Under the altar of the St. Grigoris church is a tomb chamber reached at its western end by twin flights of steps. A blocked passage at its eastern end indicates there was originally an entrance from that direction as well. The barrel-vaulted tomb chamber is 1.9m wide, 3.75m long, and 3.5m high. The upper half of the structure originally projected 1.5 to 2m above ground level, but it is now entirely underground. Carved details date it stylistically to the 5th century.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nickolas Holding. Armenia with Nagorno Karabagh: The Bradt Travel Guide. 2006, p 87.
  2. ^ Khatcherian, Hrair. Artsakh: A Photographic Journey. Eastern Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America, 1997, p. 6. OCLC 37785365
  3. ^ Pavstos Byuzand. Armenian History. Yerevan. 1987. page 17
  4. ^ Movses Kaghankatvatsi. History of Aluank. Book I. Chapter XIV.

    After accepting the rank of [the country's] high priest, he left to enlighten the countries of Iberia and Aluank. He arrived in the ghavar of Haband and preached and admonished not to break the commandments of the Son of God. Here he began the building of a church in Amaras and hired workers and foremen to finish it. After returning to Armenia, he consecrated and appointed instead of himself his son Vrtanes, filled with his father's virtues, who lived according to the [Christian] teaching and punished and admonished all those who adhered to the heresy of idol-worship.

  5. ^ Viviano, Frank. "The Rebirth of Armenia", National Geographic Magazine, March 2004
  6. ^ John Noble, Michael Kohn, Danielle Systermans. Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Lonely Planet; 3 edition (May 1, 2008), p. 307
  7. ^ M. Hasratyan, "Amaras", Yerevan 1990.

External links[edit]