Amarna letters–localities and their rulers

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This is a list of the "Amarna letters"Text corpus, categorized by: Amarna letters–localities and their rulers. It includes countries, regions, and the cities/or 'city-states' . The regions are included in Canaan and the Levant.
EA: 'el Amarna' –(Akhenaten's capitol of Akhetaten).

The Amarna letters text corpus contains 382 numbered letters; there are "sub-Text corpora" in the letters, most notably the 68–letter corpus of Rib-Hadda of Gubla–(Byblos).

Localities / Rulers[edit]

Locality Ruler Notes:
Ahtiašna Sur-Ašar EA 319, line 4 (author)
(Akka)(=Acco)
Acre, Israel
Biblical: Acco
Surata
(Akka)(=Acco)
Acre, Israel
Biblical: Acco
Satatna
(Akšapa)
Achshaph
Endaruta EA 223, l 4; EA 366, l. 23; EA 367, l. 1
Alashiya
("Cyprus")
'King' of Alashiya Seldom named: (Or referred to in other EA's)
Exception: EA 114-(of Rib-Hadda of Gubla/Byblos), See: Amanmašša
(author)–7 letters, EA 33-39
Amurru Abdi-Ashirta
Amurru Aziru
Arašni Miya EA 75, l. 30–"ruler of Arašni"
Arqa, see: (Irqata)
Arzawa Tarhundaraba EA 31, l. 2
Pharaoh's letter to Tarhundaraba
Title: "Marriage negotiations, (in Hittite)"
Assyria Ashur-uballit I EA 15, l. 3, 16 (3) (author)
(Ašqaluna)
Ashkelon
Yidya
(Aštartu)
Tell-Ashtara
Ayyab EA 256 and 364 (author of 364)
(Aštartu)
Tell-Ashtara
Biridašwa Only referenced in EA 196 and 197-(letters of Biryawaza of Damascus)-(letters no. 3, 4 of 4)
Babylon Burna-Buriash II
Babylon Kadashman-Enlil I EA's 1, 2, 3, 5 (author)
Bašan Amawaše EA 202, l. 3 (author)
(Biruta)
Beirut, Lebanon
Ammunira Referenced in the late Rib-Hadda corpus: EA 137-39.
EA 141-43 (author)
(Biruta)
Beirut, Lebanon
Yapa-Hadda/Yapah (author)
no 1—EA 97, "A bad reputation"
no 2—EA 98, "Losses from Gubla to Ugarit"
Bit-Tenni Balu--Mir EA 260, l. 2 (author)
Byblos-(Gubla), Lebanon
Byblos, Lebanon
Rib-Hadda 68 letter sub-corpus (author)
Damascus Biryawaza
Mizri
(name of "Ancient Egypt"-(see: Mizraim))
Pharaohs:Amenhotep III and IV
Enišasi 'Abdi-Riša EA 363 (author)
Enišasi Šatiya EA 187, l. 3 (author)
(Gazru)
modern Gezer
Adda-danu author of EA 292-294
(Gazru)
modern Gezer
Ili-Milku EA 286, l. 36 (reference)
(Gazru)
modern Gezer
Milk-ilu (numerous refs, author of 5 EA's)
(Gazru)
modern Gezer
Yapahu EA 297-300, EA 378 (all authored)
Gintikirmil/Ginti Tagi (Ginti mayor) EA 264-66 (author)
Gubla, see: Byblos
Guddašuna Yamiuta EA 177, l. 2 (author)
(Hanigalbat), see: Mittani
Hasi Ildayyi EA 175, l. 3 (author)
Hasi Mayarzana EA 185, l 3 (author)
EA 186, l 3 (author)
Mayarzana's name only mentioned in EA 185/86. Hasi only mentioned here and in EA 175-(letter of Ildayyi).
The subject of both EA 185/86 is Amanhatpe of Tušultu: Titles, 185: "An Egyptian traitor: [Amanhatpe of Tušultu]; 186: "Another report on the Egyptian traitor." (Note: some poetic line repetitions occur in both letters. EA 185 is 75 lines–undamaged.)
(Hasura)
Hazor
'king' of Hasura EA 228 (his people); EA 227, l. 3 ('king')
(Hasura)
Hazor
'Abdi-Irši EA 228, l. 3 (author)?
(Hasura)
Hazor
'Abdi-Tirši EA 228, l. 3 (author)?
Hašabu Bieri EA 174, l. 3 (author)
Hatti Šuppiluliumaš
(Suppiluliuma I)
EA 41, l. 1 (author)('king' of Hatti)
(Irqata)
Arqa
Aduna (Irqata mayor) EA 75, EA 140
(Urusalim)
Jerusalem
Abdi-Heba
Kadesh-(Qidšu)
Kadesh
Etakkama See: EA 189: "Etakkama of Qadesh" (author)
Karaduniyaš
Babylonia-(Babylon)
Kadashman-Enlil I
Karaduniyaš
Babylonia-(Babylon)
Burna-Buriash II
(Kumidu)
Kamed al lawz
Arašša EA 198, l. 4 (author)
title: "From Kumidu"
(Lakiša)
Lachish
Šipti-Ba'lu
(Lakiša)
Lachish
Zimredda (Lachish mayor) 3 EA references: EA 333, part of topic:
"Plots and disloyalty" .
Death reported in Abdi-Heba letter 4 of 6.
EA 329 ( "Preparations under way" ) an undamaged, 20 line letter (author)
Lapana Teuwatti EA 193, l. 2 (author)
Magidda
"Megiddo"
Biridiya EA 244 (author)
Mittani-(Hanigalbat)
Mittani
Tushratta EA 17 thru 29 (author)
Muhraštu Yaptih-Hadda EA 288, l. 45; EA 335, l. 10
Mušihuna Šuttarna
(Naharin)
Mitanni
(See Mitanni)
Nii Aki-Teššup EA 59, l. 15, 18
Nuhašša-["Nuhasse"] Addu-nirari EA 51, l. 2 (author)
Northern Palestine 'Abdina EA 229 (author)
Palestine Ba'lu-mehir EA 245, 257; (author) of 258-59
Palestine Ba'lu-UR.SAG EA 249-50 (author)
Palestine Dašru EA 262-62 (author)
Palestine Hiziru EA 336-37 (author)
Palestine Šub-Andu EA's 301-306, (author)
(Pihilu)
Pella, Jordan
Mut-Bahli
Mutbaal
no 1—EA 255, l. 3
no 2—EA 256, l. 2, 5 (author)
Qatna Akizzi EA 52-57 (author)
Qidšu, see: Kadesh
Qiltu 'Abdi-Aštarti EA 63-65 (author)
Qiltu? Šuwardata (author)
Ruhizzi Arsawuya Ruhizzi east of Kadesh-(Qidšu), east of the Anti-Lebanon
(Siduna)
Sidon, Lebanon
Zimredda (Sidon mayor) Referenced in 16 EA's. EA 144-45 (author)
Silu
Grk: Sile/Tjaru of Ancient Egypt
On the garrison-road: Way of Horus
Turbazu EA 288, l. 41; 335, l. 10
(Šakmu)
Shechem
Labaya EA 252-54 (author)
Šamhuna Šamu-Adda-(name #1-(?)) EA 225, l. 3 (author)
Šum-Adda-(name #2-(?)) EA 224, l. 3 (author)
Šaruna Rusmanya EA 241, l. 3 (author)
Šashimi 'Abdi-Milki
'Syria' Bayadi EA 238, l. 2
'Syria' Bayawa EA 215; EA 216, l. 3 (author)
'Syria' Dagan-takala EA 317-318 (author)
'Syria' Kurtuya EA 220, l. 36 (author)
'Syria' Paduzana
Baduzana
EA 239, l. 2 (author)
'Syria' Tehu-Teššup EA 58, l. 2 (author)
Tjaru, see: Silu
Tušultu Amanhatpe (Note: Amanhatpe, and the town-Tušultu are only referred to in the letter pairs: EA 185/86 [by Mayarzana of Hasi].)
Tyre Lebanon
(called: Surru)
Abimilku EA 146-155 (10)--(author)
Not referenced elsewhere in the letter corpus (!)
Ugarit Ammistamru
Ammittamru I
EA 45, l. 2 (author)
Ugarit Niqm-Adda
Niqmaddu II
EA 49, l. 2 (author)(successor of Ammittamru)
Yursa Pu-Ba'lu EA 314-316 (author)

Sub-corpus lists[edit]

No. 201-206: "Ready for marching orders (1-6)"[edit]

List of letters: EA 201-206.
Actually authored by the same scribe. Also scribed EA 195, See: Prostration formula.

Locality Ruler Notes:
1–Siribašani Artamanya EA 201 (author)
2–Bašan Amawaše EA 202, l 3 (author)
3–Šashimi 'Abdi-Milki EA 203 (author)
4–(Qanu)
Qanawat
'Ruler' of Qanu EA 204 (author)
5–Tubu (town)
Tob: (biblical)
'Ruler' of Tubu EA 205 (author)
6–Naziba 'Ruler' of Naziba EA 206 (author)

Leaders only in reference[edit]

Leaders that are only referred to in the letter corpus.

Locality Ruler Notes:
(Ammiya)
Amioun
'King' of Ammiya Ammiya ref in 8 EA's; "king of Ammiya" in EA 139-40-(the Gubla (Byblos) letters); the first six in the Rib-Hadda Byblos letters.
Barga (kingdom) 'King' of Barga EA 57, l. 3
damaged letter, referenced
also referenced: Akizzi, king of Qatna
Danuna
in eastern Cilicia-(?)
'King' of Danuna EA 151 (reference)
Halunnu 'King' of Halunnu EA 197, l. 14; Letter title: "Biryawaza's plight"
(Zinzar)
modern Shaizar
'King' of Zinzar EA 53 (reference)
"a governor of yours-(pharaoh) in a Vassalage" Pamahu EA 7, l. 76–(Burna-Buriash to Pharaoh)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]