Amazônia Legal (Portuguese pronunciation: [amaˈzonjɐ leˈɡaw], Legal Amazon) is the largest socio-geographic division of the South American nation of Brazil, which contains all of the Brazilian territory in the Amazon Basin (although part of the Amazônia Legal is located in the Rio de la Plata Basin or other places outside the Amazon Basin). It is officially designated to encompass all seven states of the North Region (Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins), as well as Mato Grosso state in the Center-West Region and most of Maranhão state in the Northeast Region. The administrativa unit was initially established by Federal Law No. 5.173 (Art. 2).
The area covers more than five million km² (59% of the Brazilian territory), which includes all of the Amazon rainforest biome within Brazil, 37% of Cerrado and 40% of Pantanal . A total population of 24.7 million inhabitants lives in the area, including more than 300 thousand Indians belonging to more than 170 ethnicities and many traditional extractive communities (see Extractive reserve).
The main characteristic of the region is the abundant and tropical vegetation, including large sections of rainforest. Because of its remoteness, this region was the last to be inhabited by Brazilians of European descent and it still has very low population density.
See also 
- Amazônia Legal, on Noticias Da Amazonia (in Portuguese)
- Lei Federal Nº 5.173, de 27 de outubro de 1966. Dispõe sobre o Plano de Valorização Econômica da Amazônia; extingue a Superintendência do Plano de Valorização Econômica da Amazônia (SPVEA), cria a Superintendência do Desenvolvimento da Amazônia (SUDAM), e dá outras providências. Senado Federal, Subsecretaria de Informações. Acesso em 28/08/2012. 
- INSTITUTO SOCIOAMBIENTAL - ISA (Socio Environment Institute). Laboratório de Geoprocessamento. 2009. Amazônia Brasileira 2009 (mapa). Edição especial Programa Áreas Protegidas da Amazônia (ARPA). 
- INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA (IBGE). 2000. Estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2009. Acesso em 28/08/2012. 
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