Amazonas, Venezuela

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Amazonas State
Estado Amazonas
Flag of Amazonas State
Coat of arms of Amazonas State
Coat of arms
Motto: Honor y Lealtad
(Spanish for Honor and Loyalty)
Anthem: Amazonas State Anthem
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
Country  Venezuela
Created 1994[c]
Capital Puerto Ayacucho
 • Governor Liborio Guarulla (2010–present)
 • Total 176,899 km2 (68,301 sq mi)
Area rank 2nd
  19.38% of Venezuela
Population (2007 est.)
 • Total 142,200
 • Rank 24th
  0.3% of Venezuela
Time zone UTC-04:30
ISO 3166 code VE-Z
Emblematic tree Caucho (Hevea benthamiana)
^[c] Until this date, Amazonas had the status of Federal Territory.

Amazonas (Spanish: Estado Amazonas, IPA: [esˈtaðo amaˈsonas]) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. It covers nearly a fifth of the area of Venezuela, but has less than 1% of Venezuela's total population.

The state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. The capital until the early 1900s was San Fernando de Atabapo. Although named after the Amazon River, most of the state is drained by the Orinoco River. Amazonas State covers a total surface area of 176,899 km² and, in 2007, had a population of 142,200. Its density is of 0.8 inhabitants per km².

Amazonas has Venezuela's highest proportion of indigenous peoples of Venezuela; these make up only around 1.5% of the population nationwide, but the proportion is nearly 50% in Amazonas.[1]


The territory covered by present-day Amazonas was previously part of the Guayana Province, a Province of the Spanish Empire (from 1585) and later of Venezuela (until 1864, when the Provinces of Venezuela were replaced by the States of Venezuela, following the Federal War). Amazonas was created as a state in 1994, having been a Federal Territory since 1864.

Municipalities and Municipal Seats[edit]

Municipality Capital km² Pop Map
Alto Orinoco Municipality La Esmeralda 49.217 km² 14.222 hab. (2008) Altoorinoco-amazonas.PNG
Atabapo Municipality San Fernando de Atabapo 25.062 km² 12.797 hab. (2007) Atabapo-amazonas.PNG
Atures Municipality Puerto Ayacucho 7.302 km² 91.386 hab (2007) Atures-amazonas.PNG
Autana Municipality Isla Ratón 12.291 km² 8.181 hab (2007) Autana-amazonas.PNG
Manapiare Municipality San Juan de Manapiare 32.042 km² 9.658 hab (2007) Manapiare-amazonas.PNG
Maroa Municipality Maroa 13.082 km² 8.181 hab (2005) Maroa-amazonas.PNG
Río Negro Municipality San Carlos de Río Negro 37.903 km² 9.658 hab (2007) Rionegro-amazonas.PNG
A river near Autana tepui in Amazonas.
The Tobogán de la Selva, near to Puerto Ayacucho.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", Latin American Perspectives 30(1), p52

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 3°30′N 66°00′W / 3.500°N 66.000°W / 3.500; -66.000