|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Alain Combaud|
|• Land1||12.10 km2 (4.67 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||26/km2 (68/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||16008 / 16140|
|Elevation||46–101 m (151–331 ft)
(avg. 78 m or 256 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambéracois or Ambéracoises
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Administration
- 6 Demography
- 7 Equipment, services and local life
- 8 Sites and monuments
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Ambérac is in the north-west part of the Charente department some 24 km north by north-west of Angouleme, 6 km south-east of Aigre, and 8 kilometres north-west of Saint-Amant-de-Boixe. Access to the commune is by the D88 road from Aigre in the north-west which passes through the village and continues south-east to Xambes. The D69 road also comes from Marcillac-Lanville in the west to the village then continues east to Villognon. There are a number of hamlets in the commune apart from the village.
Hamlets and localities
North-west of the town along the Aume and the Route d'Aigre there are a few hamlets: les Picots, les Citres, les Marais; and some farms: le Cambouil, les Thibauds, and le Goyaud. To the east, on the road to Mansle, there is Les Granges.
Geology and relief
The commune sits on a limestone bedrock dating from the Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian). Alluvium dated from the Quaternary period cover the alluvial valleys of the Aume and Charente, the most recent being on the floodplain. There are also some areas of Sand on the slopes dating to the Quaternary glaciations.
The relief of the commune is that of a low plateau and a confluence of two valleys. The highest point in the commune is at an altitude of 101 m located on the western boundary. The lowest point is 46 m located along the Charente on the south-western boundary. The town was built on the banks of the river at 62 m above sea level.
The Charente traverses the commune downstream from Mansle and upstream from Angouleme. The village is built on the right bank and downstream of the confluence of the Aume, which flows north of the town. The Aume rises at Bouin, Deux-Sèvres, and passes through Aigre.
As in the three-quarters in the south and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.
The place was attested in the forms Amberaco from 1080 to 1117, then Ambariaco from 1274 to 1297.
It is a Gallic or Gallo-Roman toponymic form based on the suffix -acum, either from the Gallic *-AKO or the gallo-roman -ACU.
The town was inhabited as least as early as Roman times, as attested to by artifacts found in and round the commune such as a bronze likeness of Mercury wearing a winged petasos, stone slabs engraved with oculi found on the Amberac plain; a stone slab with an oculus and coins from the eras of Augustus, Marcus Aurelius, and Maximin found in the Rue du bourg. Also found in the village have been fragments of lamps, digging tools, a vase made with grey clay, other iron objects, and fragments of a mosaic.
A circular oven 1.50 m in diameter located near Granges together with pottery, tiles and bricks found in the same field date from the same period.
In a nearby location, known as 'La Tour-des-Fades, the remains of an ancient building were also discovered with rows of bricks and a vaulted gallery, the details of which are listed in La Statistique Monumentale de la Charente
Ambérac was built near the ancient city of Oliba, and was a fiefdom of the La Rochefoucauld and Marcillac families. It was an archdiocese until the Revolution.
It is mentioned for the first time as having an archpriest around 1035 for the parish of Saint-Stephen of Ambérac, a perpetual vicariate which was given by the counts of Angouleme to the Abbey of Saint-Amand de Boixe. Shortly after this founding there was an obedience in 1080. Bishop Girard II confirmed this gift in 1117 but assigned an annual fee of 5 sols, payable on the feast of Saint-Hilaire. In 1146, the prior of Lanville, who already had some rights, demanded and got upon retirement 10 sols per year in favour of the Abbey.
Since then, it has consistently remained dependent on the convent priory of Augustine de Lanville.
The village of Ville-Babou was probably built by one of the two Babou's who were Bishops of Angoulême in the 16th century.
An underground shelter was discovered in 1925.
Created as Embérac in the Canton of Lanville Marcillac in 1793, it became Ambeirac in the canton of Saint-Amand-de-Boixe in 1801 then Ambérac.
List of Successive Mayors
|2001||2014||Alain Combaud||SE||Public works technician|
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 317 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of age groups
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Ambérac and Charente Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||14.4||17.4||17.3||15.5|
|15 to 29 Years||12.4||13.0||16.4||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||22.2||18.0||19.2||18.5|
|45 to 59 Years||19.0||20.5||22.2||21.5|
|60 to 74 Years||20.3||18.6||15.8||16.2|
|75 to 89 Years||11.8||12.4||8.6||12.3|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Out of a labour force of 145 people, there are 11 unemployed giving an unemployment rate of 7.6%. The average income is €11,750 per year
Equipment, services and local life
Sites and monuments
It has four remarkable bas-reliefs from the 12th century which have been classified as historical monuments since 1927. They represent the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity, and the Magi. It also has a moulding of the hosts from the 14th century which has been listed since 1911. The bronze bell dating from 1773 has also been listed as a historical monument since 2004
The church also has a harmonium which was renovated in July 2013.
The Gallo-Roman remains are underground but there is also a rural heritage of fountains and houses some of which are very old.
Of the numerous mills which were in the commune there remains the mill at Brissac which functioned in the 18th century.
- André Savignon, born in Tarbes on 1 January 1878, a French journalist and writer, married Berthe Desgranges on 27 September 1919 at Ambérac.
- Louis Vatrican, born in Monaco on 7 May 1904, an agricultural engineer, director of the Exotic Garden of Monaco, married Suzanne Magnant on 5 May 1928 at Ambérac.
- Communes of the Charente department
- Ambérac on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Page on Ambérac on the Community of Communes of Boixe website (French)
- Ambérac on charente.free (French)
- Amigos del Románico, descriptive page on the Roman elements in the church of Saint-Stephen (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Charente (French)
- Google Maps
- IGN Map on Géoportail (French)
- Land Information Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
- BRGM Map on Géoportail (French)
- Paper notice for Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
- The Arch-priest of d'Ambérac, René Fontroubade, 2005, ed. Histoires du Pays d'Aigre, consulted on 21 March 2010 (French)
- BSAHC 1870, p. XXVIII (French)
- BSAHC 1884-85, p. XXXVII (French)
- BSAHC 1886, p. XLVII (French)
- Jean-Hippolyte Michon, Monumental Statistics of Charente, Paris, Derache, (reprinted in 1980 by Bruno Sepulchre, Paris), 1844, 334 p., p. 172 (French)
- Joseph Piveteau, Archeological Inventory of Gallo-Roman Charente, MSAHC, 1958, p. 92. (French)
- BSAHC, 1878-79, p. 179 (French)
- MSAHC, 1953, p. 13 (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Ambérac on the Internaute website (French)
- Academic Inspectorate website (French)
- Vigier de la Pile, History of Angoumois, Paris, Derache (1846, Laffite reprint 2002), 1760, 160 p. (ISBN 2-86276-384-5), p. 5
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM16000005 Bas-reliefs of the church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM16000004 Iron casting of hosts (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM16000426 Church Bell (French)
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