Ambérac

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Ambérac
Pigeon House
Pigeon House
Ambérac is located in France
Ambérac
Ambérac
Coordinates: 45°51′14″N 0°03′58″E / 45.854°N 0.066°E / 45.854; 0.066Coordinates: 45°51′14″N 0°03′58″E / 45.854°N 0.066°E / 45.854; 0.066
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente
Arrondissement Angoulême
Canton Saint-Amant-de-Boixe
Intercommunality Boixe
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Alain Combaud
Area1 12.10 km2 (4.67 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 317
 • Density 26/km2 (68/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 16008 / 16140
Elevation 46–101 m (151–331 ft)
(avg. 78 m or 256 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ambérac is a French commune in the Charente département, region in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambéracois or Ambéracoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Ambérac is in the north-west part of the Charente department some 24 km north by north-west of Angouleme, 6 km south-east of Aigre, and 8 kilometres north-west of Saint-Amant-de-Boixe. Access to the commune is by the D88 road from Aigre in the north-west which passes through the village and continues south-east to Xambes. The D69 road also comes from Marcillac-Lanville in the west to the village then continues east to Villognon. There are a number of hamlets in the commune apart from the village.[2]

The nearest railway station is that of Luxé, 5 km to the north-east which is served by a TER service to Angoulême, Poitiers, and Bordeaux.

Hamlets and localities[edit]

North-west of the town along the Aume and the Route d'Aigre there are a few hamlets: les Picots, les Citres, les Marais; and some farms: le Cambouil, les Thibauds, and le Goyaud. To the east, on the road to Mansle, there is Les Granges.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Geology and relief[edit]

The commune sits on a limestone bedrock dating from the Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian). Alluvium dated from the Quaternary period cover the alluvial valleys of the Aume and Charente, the most recent being on the floodplain. There are also some areas of Sand on the slopes dating to the Quaternary glaciations.[4][5][6]

The relief of the commune is that of a low plateau and a confluence of two valleys. The highest point in the commune is at an altitude of 101 m located on the western boundary. The lowest point is 46 m located along the Charente on the south-western boundary. The town was built on the banks of the river at 62 m above sea level.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

The Charente at Ambérac

The Charente traverses the commune downstream from Mansle and upstream from Angouleme. The village is built on the right bank and downstream of the confluence of the Aume, which flows north of the town. The Aume rises at Bouin, Deux-Sèvres, and passes through Aigre.[3]

Climate[edit]

As in the three-quarters in the south and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.

Toponymy[edit]

The place was attested in the forms Amberaco from 1080 to 1117, then Ambariaco from 1274 to 1297.[7]

It is a Gallic or Gallo-Roman toponymic form based on the suffix -acum, either from the Gallic *-AKO or the Gallo-Roman -ACU.

History[edit]

The town was inhabited as least as early as Roman times, as attested to by artifacts found in and round the commune such as a bronze likeness of Mercury wearing a winged petasos, stone slabs engraved with oculi[8] found on the Amberac plain; a stone slab with an oculus and coins from the eras of Augustus, Marcus Aurelius, and Maximin[9] found in the Rue du bourg. Also found in the village have been fragments of lamps, digging tools, a vase made with grey clay, other iron objects, and fragments of a mosaic.

A circular oven 1.50 m in diameter located near Granges together with pottery, tiles and bricks found in the same field date from the same period.[10]

In a nearby location, known as 'La Tour-des-Fades, the remains of an ancient building were also discovered with rows of bricks and a vaulted gallery, the details of which are listed in La Statistique Monumentale de la Charente[11][12]

Ambérac was built near the ancient city of Oliba, and was a fiefdom of the La Rochefoucauld and Marcillac families. It was an archdiocese until the Revolution.

It is mentioned for the first time as having an archpriest around 1035 for the parish of Saint-Stephen of Ambérac, a perpetual vicariate which was given by the counts of Angouleme to the Abbey of Saint-Amand de Boixe. Shortly after this founding there was an obedience in 1080. Bishop Girard II confirmed this gift in 1117 but assigned an annual fee of 5 sols, payable on the feast of Saint-Hilaire. In 1146, the prior of Lanville, who already had some rights, demanded and got upon retirement 10 sols per year in favour of the Abbey.[7]

Since then, it has consistently remained dependent on the convent priory of Augustine de Lanville.

The village of Ville-Babou was probably built by one of the two Babou's who were Bishops of Angoulême in the 16th century.[13]

An underground shelter was discovered in 1925.[14]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

Created as Embérac in the Canton of Lanville Marcillac in 1793, it became Ambeirac in the canton of Saint-Amand-de-Boixe in 1801 then Ambérac.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[15]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Alain Combaud SE Public works technician

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 317 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
585 709 705 780 832 - 791 759 729
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
618 613 618 619 647 576 537 522 506
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
510 490 441 404 399 398 419 386 334
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
313 317 330 361 338 337 317 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ambérac

Distribution of age groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Ambérac and Charente Department in 2009

Ambérac Ambérac Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 14.4 17.4 17.3 15.5
15 to 29 Years 12.4 13.0 16.4 14.4
30 to 44 Years 22.2 18.0 19.2 18.5
45 to 59 Years 19.0 20.5 22.2 21.5
60 to 74 Years 20.3 18.6 15.8 16.2
75 to 89 Years 11.8 12.4 8.6 12.3
90 Years+ 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.6

Sources:

Out of a labour force of 145 people, there are 11 unemployed giving an unemployment rate of 7.6%. The average income is €11,750 per year[16]

Equipment, services and local life[edit]

The Post Office

Education[edit]

The school is an intercommunal educational group between Ambérac and Marcillac-Lanville. Marcillac-Lanville has an elementary school and Ambérac has a primary school.[17]

Sites and monuments[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The underground Gallo-Roman remains
  • A Rural heritage of fountains and houses some of which are very old.
  • The Mill at Brissac is the only remaining one of teh many that operated in the 18th century.

Religious heritage[edit]

The church of Saint-Etienne

The Parish Church of Saint-Etienne dates from the 12th century. It was one of the 13 archpriests of Angoumois.[18] The church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

The church also has an Harmonium which was renovated in July 2013.

Environmental heritage[edit]

The banks of the Charente and the Aume are Natura 2000 zones.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • André Savignon, born in Tarbes on 1 January 1878, a French journalist and writer, married Berthe Desgranges on 27 September 1919 at Ambérac.
  • Louis Vatrican, born in Monaco on 7 May 1904, an agricultural engineer, director of the Exotic Garden of Monaco, married Suzanne Magnant on 5 May 1928 at Ambérac.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c IGN Map on Géoportail (French)
  4. ^ Land Information Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
  5. ^ BRGM Map on Géoportail (French)
  6. ^ Paper notice for Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
  7. ^ a b The Arch-priest of d'Ambérac, René Fontroubade, 2005, ed. Histoires du Pays d'Aigre, consulted on 21 March 2010 (French)
  8. ^ BSAHC 1870, p. XXVIII (French)
  9. ^ BSAHC 1884-85, p. XXXVII (French)
  10. ^ BSAHC 1886, p. XLVII (French)
  11. ^ Jean-Hippolyte Michon, Monumental Statistics of Charente, Paris, Derache, (reprinted in 1980 by Bruno Sepulchre, Paris), 1844, 334 p., p. 172 (French)
  12. ^ Joseph Piveteau, Archeological Inventory of Gallo-Roman Charente, MSAHC, 1958, p. 92. (French)
  13. ^ BSAHC, 1878-79, p. 179 (French)
  14. ^ MSAHC, 1953, p. 13 (French)
  15. ^ List of Mayors of France
  16. ^ Ambérac on the Internaute website (French)
  17. ^ Academic Inspectorate website (French)
  18. ^ Vigier de la Pile, History of Angoumois, Paris, Derache (1846, Laffite reprint 2002), 1760, 160 p. (ISBN 2-86276-384-5), p. 5
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000426 Bronze Bell (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000005 4 Bas-reliefs (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000004 Iron die for Sacramental bread (French)