Ambérieu-en-Bugey

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Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Coat of arms
Ambérieu-en-Bugey is located in France
Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Coordinates: 45°57′47″N 5°21′15″E / 45.9631°N 5.3541°E / 45.9631; 5.3541Coordinates: 45°57′47″N 5°21′15″E / 45.9631°N 5.3541°E / 45.9631; 5.3541
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Belley
Canton Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Intercommunality Plaine de l'Ain
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Daniel Fabre
Area1 24.60 km2 (9.50 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 13,350
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01004 / 01500
Elevation 237–753 m (778–2,470 ft)
(avg. 247 m or 810 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ambérieu-en-Bugey (pronounced [ɑ̃.be.ʁjø ɑ̃ by.ʒɛ]) is a French commune in the department of Ain in the Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

It is the largest town in the arrondissement of Belley and the capital of the Canton of Ambérieu-en-Bugey which consists of 8 communes with a total of 21,226 inhabitants in 2007 with 17,466 inhabitants in its own urban area in 2010. It is also the capital of the historic region of Bugey.

Its inhabitants are known as Ambarrois or Ambarroises.[1] The city was called Ambérieu until 31 March 1955 when it became Ambérieu-en-Bugey.

The city is known for being an important railway junction, but also for winning the Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with citation at the Liberation.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey is 50 km north-east of Lyon, 30 km[2] south of Bourg-en-Bresse, 73 km northwest of Aix-les-Bains, 76 km southeast of Mâcon, and 104 km west of Geneva.

The town is in the commune's western part, on the right bank of the river Albarine, which forms most of the commune's southern border. It is surrounded by the communes of Saint-Denis-en-Bugey, and Bettant. Its expansion is due to demographic expansion with two new housing areas on the eastern side of the city where there is plenty of land (near Bettant).

Ambérieu-en-Bugey is located at the foot of the western foothills of the Jura mountains of Bugey and opens onto the plain of Ain at the mouth of the gorge of Albarine.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate type is semi-continental with Mediterranean influences: the summers are warm and sunny and the winters are cold.

The following table shows the average monthly temperature and precipitation for the station Ambérieu collected over the period 1961-1990. The station is at 250 m altitude, latitude 45 ° 58'48 "N, longitude: 05 ° 19'48" E 3 .

City Sunshine Rain Snow Storm Fog
Hrs/Yr mm/Yr Days/Yr Days/Yr Days/Yr
National average 1973 770 14 22 40
Ambérieu[3] 1787 1153 0 0 0
Paris 1630 642 15 19 13
Nice 2668 767 1 31 1
Strasbourg 1633 610 30 29 65
Brest 1492 1109 9 11 74

Weather data for Ambérieu

Climate data for Ambérieu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.8
(46)
11.4
(52.5)
15.1
(59.2)
19.3
(66.7)
23.1
(73.6)
26.2
(79.2)
25.3
(77.5)
22.0
(71.6)
16.4
(61.5)
9.9
(49.8)
5.7
(42.3)
15.6
(60.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
3.7
(38.7)
6.4
(43.5)
9.6
(49.3)
13.8
(56.8)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
19.1
(66.4)
16.3
(61.3)
11.8
(53.2)
6.1
(43)
2.5
(36.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.4
(34.5)
4.2
(39.6)
8.3
(46.9)
11.2
(52.2)
13.4
(56.1)
12.9
(55.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.1
(44.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.7
(42.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 93.8
(3.693)
86.9
(3.421)
100.8
(3.969)
93.9
(3.697)
111.5
(4.39)
98.2
(3.866)
66.5
(2.618)
91.6
(3.606)
98.1
(3.862)
102.7
(4.043)
107
(4.21)
102.1
(4.02)
1,153.1
(45.398)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53.4 81 130.5 167.2 199.6 230.9 273.9 236.2 183.2 119.9 65.1 46.3 1,787.2
Source: Metereological data for Ambérieu, from 1961 to 1990 June 2013

Topography and geology[edit]

The commune[4] is at an altitude between 237 m and 753 m.

The sub-soil has been an important economic activity in the Ambérieu region in the 19th century until the first half of the 20th century. For example the extraction of lignite (used in particular for heating) was an important activity in Ambérieu during the First World War.[5]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey reflects the characteristics of Bugey in geological terms: the region is composed of a folded mountain relief, partly karstified, which is the southern extension of the Jura mountains. The dating of the limestone of Bugey is between the Jurassic (for the anticlines) and the Cretaceous (for the synclines). The folds are easily visible in outcrops and cliffs.[6]

Hydrography[edit]

There are several rivers in Ambérieu-en-Bugey.[7] Besides the Albarine which flows through Ambérieu-en-Bugey,[8] two streams which are themselves tributaries of the Albarine flow into the commune: the streams of Seymard (15.5 km long[9] and Caline[10] (3.4 km long).

Channels of communication and transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

From 1897 to 1951 the city was served by the Tramways of Ain, a metric gauge light railway linking it to Cerdon and Ars-sur-Formans.
Here can be seen the station.
The D1504 road and the railway line from Lyon to Geneva

Ambérieu station is located at the junction of the Macon-Ambérieu line and the Lyon-Geneva line and is served by many TER trains to Lyon, Bourg-en-Bresse, Mâcon, Dijon, Besançon, Strasbourg, Culoz, Geneva, Aix-les-Bains, and Chambery.

Railway history[edit]

The railway has served the commune since 1856,[11] making the city an important railway junction and the railway station, "one of the largest connection centres in France".[11] Some lines which are now extinct (e.g. the Ambérieu-Montalieu-Vercieu line) created a great deal of rail activity at Ambérieu-en-Bugey; these activities have been illustrated in the collections of the Railway Museum since 1987.

In the 1930s the railway junction, sometimes called the "Ambérieu Star" had 247 locomotives stationed at the depot. The town then had about 6,500 inhabitants and the compagnie des chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée employed about 2,150 railway workers.[12]

On 7 June 1944 an operation was organized by resistance railway workers and maquisards to disable 52 locomotives and much other equipment. This action reduced the capacity of this strategic site and reduced the communications of the German army so avoiding bombing by the Allies on the site.[13] A monument near the Ambérieu-en-Bugey station recalls this feat of arms.

Air transport[edit]

Representation of a Dassault Mirage III in Ambérieu-en-Bugey

Aerial activity has been present in Ambérieu-en-Bugey since the beginning of the 20th century. For example Antoine de Saint-Exupéry made his first flight in July 1912 at the civil airodrome of Bellievre.[14]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey Air Base was built during the Second World War as a temporary airfield by the United States Air Force XII Engineer Command in August 1944. Named the "Colonel Chambonnet Base", today it is a supply and repair centre for electronic equipment aboard aircraft, ground communications detection equipment, navigation aids, and a manufacturing centre for simple equipment.

There is also a civilian aerodrome near Ambérieu-en-Bugey called the Ambérieu aerodrome but it is located in the neighbouring communes of Château-Gaillard and Ambronay.

Air history[edit]

Many flight schools have been located at Ambérieu-en-Bugey: the Bressane Aviation School, founded in 1909 by Mignot and Harding, which was associated with the Société Aérienne de Lyon-Bron. In 1912 it took the name Deperdussin-SPAD and was directed by the pilot René Vidart. There is also the Louis-Mouthier flight school which was opened in 1911. In 1915 the Military flight school of Ambérieu was established. Finally, in 1928, the Caudron flight school moved from Le Crotoy in the Somme to Ambérieu-en-Bugey. This school trained Jean Mermoz and René Fonck.

Road transport[edit]

The commune is traversed by the A42 autoroute. The exit for the commune is: No. 8 Ambérieu-en-Bugey in the direction of Geneva.

In addition, several departmental roads serve the commune: the D1075 (formerly National Highway 75) which connects Bourg-en-Bresse to Sisteron, the D1504 (the old national road 504) which connects Ambérieu-en-Bugey to the commune of Le Bourget-du-Lac, and the D904 (the old road known as the "Valley of the Saone").

In 2007 there were about 5,468 households in Ambérieu-en-Bugey, 85.1% of households owned at least one car and 35.1% of all households had at least two cars.[15]

Buses[edit]

Since 4 January 2010, a network of three bus lines has been established to replace the Ambar'bus service. The new network is called TAM (Transport Network Ambarrois) and links its timetables to the schedules of TER Lyon-Ambérieu. The network operates from 5:40 a.m. to 8:46 p.m. and carries 208 passengers per day.[16]

Housing[edit]

In 2007 the total number of dwellings in the municipality was 5,949[15] (against 5,185 in 1999). Among these units, 91.9% were primary residences, second homes 2.1%, and 6.0% were vacant housing.

These units were split between 50.7% houses and 48.6% apartments. The proportion of residents owning their own homes was 41.7%.[15]

Toponymy[edit]

Gold coin of Ambarri, Gallic people occupied the territory of today's department of Ain and their name explains the toponym Ambérieu-en-Bugey

Ambérieu is mentioned in the form Ambariacus in 843 then Ambayreu in 1240.[17]

The second element -acus represents a suffix of Gallic origin *-āko(n) which is usually written as acum in Latin. This is a locative suffix which later will designate villae in Gallo-Roman. It has generally evolved phonetically as -ieu in the region. The first element designates the Gauls ( Celtic people ) of Ambarri whose name meant "living on both (*amb) sides of the Saone (Arar, the Saône)" or was a Gallic anthroponym Ambarrius. Ambérieux-en-Dombes, Ambérieux, Ambérac, and Ambeyrac are similar topographical formations.

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

A number of archaeological discoveries relating to antiquity have been made in Ambérieu-en-Bugey:[18]

  • in 1839 or 1840 a child's sarcophagus was found in the commune;[18]
  • a document dated 1856 reports the discovery of numerous coins dating from the Roman Empire;[18]
  • the remains of a villa were unearthed in 1940 in the Saint-Germain district;[19]
  • in the same neighbourhood, in the area of the ruins of the castle of Saint-Germain, an archaeological level was uncovered which contained barbarian tombs and also a chapel dating from the Middle Ages.[19]

Middle Ages[edit]

In the Middle Ages Ambérieu belonged to Bugey which, like Vaud, was acquired by Amadeus VI of Savoy, after signing the Treaty of Paris with France in 1355 which set the limits of the Duchy of Savoy and the Dauphiné. The city lay on the line of defence against France of the Duchy of Savoy. A series of fortifications were built to protect Savoy. Allymes Castle, the fortification of Brédevent, the Saint-Germain Castle, and the tower of Saint-Denis were parts of this line of defence in the Bugey possessions of the Duke of Savoy. Pérouges, a city of Savoy located on the plains played a commercial role at the border with France until the Treaty of Lyon.

Renaissance[edit]

Related article: Treaty of Lyon (1601).

On 17 January 1601 the Treaty of Lyon rejoined Bugey and therefore Ambérieu to France. This treaty between the Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy and King Henry IV of France also unified France with Bresse, Bugey (at the time explicitly distinguished from Valromey), and the Pays de Gex.

World War II[edit]

Marcel Demia and the Resistance of Ain[edit]

In late 1941 Henri Romans-Petit was engaged in the French Hope network in Saint-Etienne. During Christmas an independent resistance fighter, Marcel Demia a Market gardener and Horticulturalist from the Ambérieu-en-Bugey commune went there to visit his parents. The two men meet and exchanged views on the situation. Their shared commitment motivated Henri Romans-Petit to create a Resistance organization in the department of Ain.[20] Marcel Demia spoke of some young resistance fighters who he placed on isolated farms and the difficulties encountered in his organization. Henri Romans-Petit arrived in Ain in 1942[21] and began to help the resistance fighters of the STO and his host. Ambérieu-en-Bugey today has a street called Marcel Demia.

Liberation of the city[edit]

The city was liberated on 3 September 1944 by troops who landed in Provence.[22] Known for the actions of its resistance, particularly from the Maquis de l'Ain et du Haut-Jura the city was nicknamed "The Rebel Ambérieu" and was decorated with the Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with citation.

New name[edit]

On 31 March 1955 Ambérieu was renamed Ambérieu-en-Bugey.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ambérieu-en-Bugey
The status of the official emblem is to be determined.

Blazon:
Party per fess, the first counter compony Or and Azure; the second gules; over all a lion ermine..[23]



Politics and administration[edit]

Elections[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Results of second rounds:

Referenda[edit]

Municipal administration[edit]

The town has between 10,000 and 20,000 inhabitants and the city council is composed of 33 members: the mayor, nine deputies, and 23 councilors.[28] The following is the share of seats after the 2008 municipal elections:[29]

Group President No. Seats Status
Ambérieu-ambition (PS) Josiane Exposito 24 majority
Avec vous pour Ambérieu (DVD) Sandrine Castellano 6 opposition
Ambérieu pour tous ! (DVG) Bernard Pavier 2 opposition
Ensemble pour Ambérieu (DVD) Jean-Marc Sasso 1 opposition

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Ambérieu-en-Bugey[30]

From To Name Party Position
 ?  ? Claude Victor de Boissieu Justice, General Counsel of Ain
 ?  ? Anton Vicar Notary
1879 1884 Jules Pellaudin
1884 1888 Clement Fir Trader
1888 1892 Henri Vicar Notary
1892 1896 Joseph Dojat-Ringuet
1896 1910 Claude Aguétant Notary
1910 1914 Jean-Louis Truchon Doctor
1914 1919 Edward Déléaz
1919 1934 Émile Bravet PRS
1934 1935 Louis Vachez
1935 1941 Émile Bravet PRS MP
1941[Note 1] 1944 Théodore Tiller[31] Cafe Owner
1944 1965 Léon Tournier-Billon SFIO
1965 1971 Paul Combier
1971 1977 Antoine Buy DVG
1977 1991 Robert Marcelpoil[Note 2] DVD
1992 1995 Gilles Bolliet DVG
1995 2008 Gilles Piralla DVG
2008 2014 Josiane Exposito PS Regional Councilor
2014 2020 Daniel Fabre

(Not all data is known)

Political environment[edit]

The commune, at the instigation of Saint-Vulbas and Pérouges has been experimenting with a weed control plan that does not involve the use of chemicals[32]

Air quality[edit]

An integral part of the Community of communes of the plain of Ain, Ambérieu-en-Bugey commune participates in actions such as air quality control as quality is potentially undermined by the proximity of the industrial park of the Plain of Ain.[33]

Shale gas[edit]

The geological sub-structure of the Ambérieu-en-Bugey region contains Shale gas. The potential exploitation of these deposits has caused some hostility which has been expressed in local politics. Advocacy undertaken by opposition movements are varied: broadcasts,[34][35] a documentary called Gasland - in June 2011, and demonstrations[36] at Blyes the main town in the region concerned.

Twinning[edit]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey has twinning associations with:[37]

  • Germany Mering (Germany) since 1973.

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 13,350 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 3]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,915 2,850 2,892 2,657 2,647 2,800 2,677 2,521 2,458
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,472 2,782 3,047 2,954 3,427 3,396 3,618 3,635 3,548
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
4,023 4,100 4,334 4,796 5,705 6,794 6,846 7,142 7,159
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
7,748 8,949 9,550 9,737 10,455 11,432 13,350 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ambérieu-en-Bugey

Distribution of age groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively young. The rate of persons above the age of 60 years (19.8%) is lower than the national rate (21.6%) while being however closer to the departmental rate (19.4%). Like the national and departmental allocations, the female population of the municipality is higher than the male population. The rate (51.1%) is of the same order of magnitude than the national rate (51.6%). In 2007 the distribution of the population of the municipality by age groups was as follows:

  • 48.9% of men (0–14 years = 18.8%, 15–29 years = 22.6%, 30–44 years = 21.6%, 45–59 years = 20% over 60 years = 17.1%);
  • 51.1% of women (0–14 years = 18.6%, 15–29 years = 20.2%, 30–44 years = 20%, 45–59 years = 18.9% over 60 years = 22.3%).

Percentage distribution of age groups in Ambérieu-en-Bugey and Ain Department in 2009

Ambérieu Ambérieu Ain Ain
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 19.8 21.1 21.2 19.9
15 to 29 Years 22.3 20.2 17.7 16.5
30 to 44 Years 21.4 19.0 22.0 21.5
45 to 59 Years 19.1 17.8 20.7 20.1
60 to 74 Years 11.4 11.6 12.6 12.8
75 to 89 Years 5.5 9.4 5.5 8.2
90 Years+ 0.5 0.8 0.3 1.0

Sources:

Education[edit]

Public education[edit]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey is located in the Academy of Lyon area. The city administers several kindergartens and communal elementary schools.

List of public schools
Type Public School
Kindergarten & Primary (*)

Jules-Ferry
Jean-de-Paris*
Jean-Jaurès

College Antoine-de-Saint-Exupéry
High School Lycée professionnel Alexandre-Bérard

Lycée général de la Plaine de l'Ain[Note 4]

* Solely Kindergarten.

Private education[edit]

The Sainte-Marie school brings together a kindergarten, a primary school, and a college.

Other education[edit]

A GRETA - an organization specialising in continuing education for adults - is based in Ambérieu-en-Bugey. A Bernard Palissy training centre for apprentices is also based in the commune.

Cultural events and festivals[edit]

The Railway Museum at Ambérieu-en-Bugey.
Sign "City of autobiography".

In addition to the railway, as shown by the creation of the Railway Museum railway in 1987, Ambérieu-en-Bugey also developed around its library with an interest in autobiographical heritage including hosting the headquarters of the Association For Autobiography (APA). In addition, the city has provided a house for associations.

There have been two notable events in the city:

The first, the festival Jazz in the Park was a festival of jazz that took place in the Parc des Échelles in July. The 13th and last edition was held in 2006.

The second, the Salon du Gourmet is held each year in November with dozens of exhibitors from all over France to show their crafts.

The Association for autobiography and autobiographical heritage located in Ambérieu-en-Bugey also organizes ad hoc cultural events.

Health[edit]

Several medical centres are based in Ambérieu-en-Bugey: other than the mutual clinic there is a maternity unit in the city, a medical practice at Allymes, the Paul-Mourlon centre for early medico-social action, and the specialized home care service also named Paul-Mourlon.

Sports[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

The city has several sports facilities: the Cordier, Bellievre, Saint-Exupéry, and Plaine de l'Ain gyms. There is also a nautical centre called Laure Manaudou, the Theo-Tillier[Note 5] stadium, and the skatepark.

List of sports associations in Ambérieu-en-Bugey in 2011
  • Club Aéronautique du Bugey
  • Ambérieu Karate Club
  • Judo Kodokan Ambérieu
  • Cercle de jade - T'ai chi ch'uan
  • Académie de Taekwondo et Olympique Ambérieu
  • Ambérieu Athlétic Club
  • Ambérieu Marathon
  • Fous du Volant Ambarrois
  • Ambérieu Basket Ball
  • ASCA Boules
  • Boule de Tiret
  • Boule du Gardon
  • Secteur Bouliste Plaine de l’Ain
  • Amicale Chasse
  • Groupement des pêcheurs sportifs
  • Pêcheurs à la Ligne de l’Ain
  • Vélo Club d’Ambérieu
  • Ambar’rock
  • Alegria
  • Cercle d’échec
  • ASC Ambérieu escrime
  • Ambérieu Football Club
  • Gym Aquatique et Grossesse
  • ALJF Gymnastique sportive
  • ASC Ambérieu Gym d’entretien
  • Handball Club Ambérieu
  • Moto Club d’Ambérieu
  • Ambérieu Natation
  • Color’s Paintball
  • ASC Ambérieu Pétanque
  • Sportif Ambarrois de Plongée et de Spéléologie
  • Club Aquatique Subaquatique Ambarrois
  • Club Spéléo Canyon Ambarrois
  • Ambérieu Rugby Club
  • Ski Club Régional de l’Ain
  • ALJF gym d'entretien
  • Savate forme
  • Racing Team Ambarrois
  • Tout Terrain Ambarrois
  • AinTerr’Actif 4x4
  • Club Ambarrois de Tennis
  • ASC Ambérieu Tennis de Table
  • Tir Sportif du Bugey
  • Compagnie des Archers Bugistes
  • Compagnie des Archers du Roy
  • Triathlon Ambérieu
  • Ambérieu Volley Ball
  • Association de yoga d’Ambérieu

Media[edit]

Printing press[edit]

The newspaper le Progrès offers a daily edition dedicated to the region of Bugey. Voix de l'Ain is a weekly publication offering local information for different regions of the department. Le Journal du Bugey is a weekly publication more focused on information for the Ambérieu-en-Bugey area and its surroundings.

TV[edit]

France 3 Rhône-Alpes Auvergne is available in the region.

Radio[edit]

A local radio station broadcasts the Fréquence Côtière[38] from Montluel. Since the 2000s , the name has evolved into the station FC radio, the essential.

Religion[edit]

Catholic worship[edit]

There are six churches for Catholic worship in the parish of Ambérieu-en-Bugey: Saint Symphorien, Saint Jean-Marie Vianney, Notre Dame des Neiges, Sainte Foy, Saint Maurice, and Saint Denis.[39] This parish is in the parish grouping of "Ambérieu-en-Bugey" which depends on the diocese of Belley-Ars in the Archdiocese of Lyon.[40]

Protestant worship[edit]

An evangelical Protestant church is located at 31 rue de la Resistance.

Muslim worship[edit]

Two prayer halls of the Muslim Faith[41] are located in Ambérieu-en-Bugey: the first is for the Union of Maghreb people of Ain and is located on the rue de la Resistance. The second is run by the Union of Muslim Associations for the Lyon Area and is located on Avenue Paul Painlevé. A building permit has been approved by the city council to build a mosque[42]

Freemasonry[edit]

Stamp of the Masonic Lodge

A Masonic lodge, the Brotherhood bugeysienne is based in Ambérieu-en-Bugey. They also have a Masonic temple in the commune of Saint-Denis-en-Bugey. It is affiliated to the Grand Orient of France.

Economy[edit]

Incomes of the population and tax[edit]

In 2008 according to the INSEE survey,[15] the average net income per household was in 2008 in the order of EUR 21,335 per year. 54.0% of the commune's households were then taxable.

In 2008 still, the median household income[Note 6] was €17,750, placing Ambérieu-en-Bugey at 13,724th place among the 31,604 communes of more than 50 households in metropolitan France.[43]

Employment[edit]

In 2007 the population of Ambérieu-en-Bugey was distributed as follows:[15] 66.3% of active people, which is significantly higher than the national average of 45.2%, and 7.4% of retirees, a figure much lower than the 18.2% national average.

In 2007 the unemployment rate was 10.5% against 12.1% in 1999.[15]

An employment centre is located in the city.

Distribution of Employees by Zone of Activity in 2007

  Agricultural Craftsmen, Shopkeepers, Business Owners Professionals and Intellectuals Internediate Professions Employees Workers
Ambérieu-en-Bugey 0.4% 6.1% 9.5% 22.7% 29.2% 32.2%
National Average 2.4% 6.4% 12.1% 22.1% 29.9% 27.1%
Sources des données : INSEE[15]

Businesses and shops[edit]

At 1 January 2010, Ambérieu-en-Bugey had 908 business establishments:[15] 59 were specialized in industrial activity, 89 in construction, 618 in trade, 15 in agriculture, and 142 were in the administrative sector.

In 2010 97 new companies were established in the territory of which 69 are under the auto-entrepreneur rules.[15]

Pierre Pernod and Raphaelle Cavalli created the Cotélac enterprise in 1993 in Ambérieu-en-Bugey.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil monuments[edit]

The Gy Tower.

There are three sites in the commune that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Tour de Gy Fortified house of Saint Germain (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg, including the tower, fireplace and spiral staircase.[44]
  • The Gothic Château des Allymes (1351)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[45] mainly built by François Nicod.
Other sites of interest
Gothic gate of the castle of Saint-Germain.
  • The Château des Echelles (19th century) in the Vareille district.
  • The remains of the Chateau of Saint-Germain, a medieval castle which overlooked the Tour de Gy

Religious monuments[edit]

  • The Chapel of Our Lady of the Coast (18th century) at Saint-Germain. The Chapel contains two items which are registered as historical objects:
    • A polychrome wooden Retable (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46] depicting scenes from the life of the Blessed Virgin in 7 panels
    • A Painting: Virgin of the Rosary with several Saints (1606)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[47]
  • The Chapel of Allymes
  • The Church of Saint-Symphorien (19th century) in the city centre.
  • The Church dedicated to Saint Jean-Marie Vianney (20th century) in the railway station district.
  • The Temple of the Reformed Church, in the Place Marcelpoil.

Environmental heritage[edit]

The commune has several parks:

  • The Blue Lake in the Vareilles district;
  • The Château des Echelles ParkLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[48] is ranked as a Remarkable Garden of France where the Jazz in the Park festival used to be held each year;
  • The Parc du Grand Dunois

Ambérieu-en-Bugey was awarded one flower in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris (Competition for Towns and Villages in bloom) competition in 2005 and second in 2008. In 2014 the commune was awarded two flowers.[49]

Ambérieu-en-Bugey and the cinema[edit]

Several films were partially shot in Ambérieu-en-Bugey:

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Alexandre Bérard (1859-1923), politician, minister, MP and senator for Ain and pillar of the Masonic Lodge of the Brotherhood bugeysienne
  • Roger Vailland (1907-1965), writer, lived in the hamlet of Allymes
  • Bernard Schoenberg (1908-1944), Grand Rabbi of Lyon. A member of the Resistance, he was arrested in Ambérieu on 26 May 1943 and deported to Auschwitz
  • Laure Manaudou (1986- ), swimming champion, she grew up in the town where the nautical centre bears her name.
  • Florent Manaudou (1990- ) is a French specialist swimmer swimming butterfly and freestyle. He won the gold medal in the 50 m freestyle on 3 August 2012 at the Olympic Games in London
  • Marius Lacrouze (1897-1917), aeroplane pilot, learned to fly in Ambérieu.
  • Claude Victor de Boissieu (1784-1868), painter, was mayor of Ambérieu.
  • Henri Vicaire (1802-1865), born in Ambérieu on 25 November 1802, Director General of Forests, Commander of the Legion of Honour, vice president of the general council of Ain
  • Gabriel Vicaire (1848-1900), poet from Bugey who lived during his early years in the city
  • Marcel Demia, French resistance fighter

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Named by préfectoral order.
  2. ^ Died accidentally on 22 December 1991.
  3. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  4. ^ The school is nicknamed Solar School because of the solar panels which cover the roof. On 10 March 2006 a mini-tornado moved and overturned many vehicles and slightly damaged the school however without any injuries.
  5. ^ The stadium bears the name of the Mayor who succeeded Émile Bravet in 1940.
  6. ^ Median Fiscal revenue per household: 50% of households declared less than this income (non-taxable households included); 50% of households declared more than this income.
  7. ^ Alphonse Vicaire was the father of Gabriel Vicaire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ain.
  2. ^ Itinerary of Direct Routes according to ViaMichelin
  3. ^ Data from the Station at Ambérieu, sources:Infoclimat, INSEE and Lameteo.org
  4. ^ Geological map of Ambérieu-en-Bugey on Géoportail, Consulted on 8 June 2011. (French)
  5. ^ Mazenot Georges. Mineral Resources of the Lyon region in: Studies of the people of the Rhone. Vol. 12 No. 2, 1936. pp. 123-258. p.162. Read online:[2], 27 June 2011 (French).
  6. ^ Notices on BRGM Maps Nos.651 (Bourg-en-Bresse), 676 (Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey), 652 (Nantua), and 700 (Belley).
  7. ^ Relative Search on Ambérieu-en-Bugey, SANDRE (French).
  8. ^ Albarine Page, SANDRE, (French).
  9. ^ Seymard Page, SANDRE (French).
  10. ^ Caline page, SANDRE (French).
  11. ^ a b Town Hall of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, Museum of Cheminot, consulted on 27 June 2011. (French)
  12. ^ Historical Railway Museum of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  13. ^ Remembrance of the Iron Résistance of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, Maquis of Ain and Haut-Jura website, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  14. ^ National Celebrations, Directorate of the Archives of France, 1991, p.248: 31 July, 11h-12h. Affixing of a plaque, consulted on 19 August 2011 (French)
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i INSEE statistics for Ambérieu-en-Bugey, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  16. ^ City of Ambérieu-en-Bugey - Municipal Council of 26 April 2010, Town Hall of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, consulted on 23 June 2010, (French).
  17. ^ Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz SA, Genève, 1998, 31,150 pages, passage 3401, consulted on 27 June 2011, Read online:.
  18. ^ a b c Archaelogical Map of Gaul: 01 Ain, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1990, ISBN 2877540103, p 31. (French)
  19. ^ a b Archaelogical Map of Gaul: 01 Ain, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1990, ISBN 2877540103, p 32. (French)
  20. ^ The Maquis of Ain Organise, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French)
  21. ^ Henri Petit speaks to Romans, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French)
  22. ^ Stéphane Simonnet, Atlas of the Liberation of France, Autrement, Paris, 1994, reprinted 2004, p 35. (French)
  23. ^ Arms of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, The Blazon Bank (French).
  24. ^ Results of the Presidential Elections for 2002 on the Ministry of Interior website. Consulted on 27 June 2011. (French)
  25. ^ Results of the 2007 Presidential Elections on the Ministry of Interior website. Consulted on 27 June 2011. (French)
  26. ^ Results of the referendum of the 20 September 1992. Consulted on 27 June 2011. (French)
  27. ^ Results of the reforendum of 29 May 2005. Consulted on 27 June 2011.
  28. ^ The Municipal Council, Ambérieu-en-Bugey city website, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French)
  29. ^ Ambérieu-en-Bugey results of elections, linternaute.com, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French)
  30. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  31. ^ B Jacquier, Alexandre Bérard, radical, freemason, BJ (Œuvre Rouge), June 2009, 70 pages, passage 27, ISBN 978-2-918632-00-9, Read on line:[3], consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  32. ^ Town Hall of Ambérieu-en-Bugey, Weed control plan, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  33. ^ Communauté de communes de la plaine de l'Ain, Air Quality, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  34. ^ Le Progrès, A documentary on the dangers of schist gas at Ambérieu, 16 June 2011, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  35. ^ The Voice of Ain, European Ecology - the Greens always mobilise against the exploitation of Schist Gas, 22 June 2011, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  36. ^ Schist Gas: Rhône-Alpes federation for protection of nature maintains pressure, Bugey-cotiere.com, No. 512, 21 April 2011, p.4., consulted on 27 June 2011 (French)
  37. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  38. ^ Fréquence Côtière radio (FC Radio), consulted on 2 February 2011. (French)
  39. ^ www.paroisse-amberieu.fr Our parish is composed of six bell towers, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  40. ^ Parish grouping "Ambérieu-en-Bugey", Diocese of Belley-Ars, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  41. ^ Mosques and Prayer Halls in France, consulted on 27 June 2011 (French).
  42. ^ Construction Permit for a Mosque approved by the Mayor, Le Progrès, 2 February 2013 (French).
  43. ^ CC-Statistical Summary by commune/department/zone of employment, INSEE, consulted on 28 June 2011. (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116289 Tour de Gy (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116288 Château des Allymes (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM01000002 Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM01000001 Painting: Virgin of the Rosary with several Saints (French)
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000321 Château des Echelles Park (French)
  49. ^ Towns and Villages in bloom, Concours des villes et villages fleuris website, consulted on 20 July 2014 (French)