Ambarès-et-Lagrave

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ambarès-et-Lagrave
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Coat of arms of Ambarès-et-Lagrave
Coat of arms
Ambarès-et-Lagrave is located in France
Ambarès-et-Lagrave
Ambarès-et-Lagrave
Coordinates: 44°55′33″N 0°29′07″W / 44.9258°N 0.4853°W / 44.9258; -0.4853Coordinates: 44°55′33″N 0°29′07″W / 44.9258°N 0.4853°W / 44.9258; -0.4853
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Bordeaux
Canton Carbon-Blanc
Intercommunality Bordeaux
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Michel Héritié
Area1 24.76 km2 (9.56 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 13,172
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33003 / 33440
Elevation 0–34 m (0–112 ft)
(avg. 7 m or 23 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ambarès-et-Lagrave (Ambarés e La Grava in Gascon dialect) is a French commune in the Gironde department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambarésiens or Ambarésiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Ambarès-et-Lagrave is part of the Bordeaux urban area located to the north of the Bordeaux conurbation between the Garonne and Dordogne. The A10 autoroute passes down the eastern side of the commune from north to south with Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 42  → Ambarès-et-Lagrave, Saint-Loubès in the commune. The commune is mostly urbane with small areas of forest in teh north and south and farmland in the west and north.[2]

Ambarès-et-Lagrave is surrounded by several cities of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB):

Transport[edit]

TER Aquitaine

The commune is served by two railway stations: the Grave-d'Ambarès station and La Gorp station which have regular links with Bordeaux.

TBC Network
Liane 7 Les Aubiers ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle
Flexo 49 Ambares (Mon-Sat) Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Collège C. Massé ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-La Gorp then the Flexo zone of Ambarès
Flexo 50 Ambarès (Soirée) Stalingrad ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Europe then serves on demand stops to Bec d'Ambès
Line 90 Bassens-La Chênaie ⇔ Carbon-Blanc-La Mouline or Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand-Belle Rive
Line 92 Stalingrad ⇔ Ambès-Escarraguel or -Fort Lajard
Line 93 Schooldays only Lycée de LormontAmbès-Fort Lajard
Line 94 Schooldays only Lycée de Lormont ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle
Line 95 Schooldays only Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Collège Massé ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle
Line 96 Schooldays only Lycée de Lormont ⇔ Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand-Belle Rive
Trans Gironde Network
201 Buttinière ⇔ Blaye-Tourist Office
202 Buttinière or Blaye-Tourist Office ⇔ Blaye-Tourist Office or Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde-Église or Pleine-Selve-Chez Pidoux
301 Buttinière ⇔ Sante-Eulalie-Argentière or Izon-Le Pin or Libourne-Gare Routière

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In the 12th century the city of Ambarès belonged to a vast feudal domain comprising a large part of the marshes of Entre-deux-Mers (Between two seas). Later this area became the Barony of Montferrand.

The ancient parish of Ambarès was almost entirely under the jurisdiction of the Lords of Gua who levied tithes from the 15th century.

The Lagrave district was attached to the commune of Ambarès in 1818.[3]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ambarès-et-Lagrave
Blazon:

Azure, a baton sinister Argent cabled Sable; at dexter chief a conical tower Argent masoned sable port the same; at middle chief a lion contourned of Or; at sinister base a domed castle flanked by two towers embattled of three pieces, all of Argent masoned in sable, port and windows the same; at fesse point a key of Or, with bow in chief and bit to sinister debruised by another key the same in fesse bow to dexter and bit to chief.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1853 Antoine François Jules Eymond
2001 2004 Henri Houdebert PS
2004 2020 Michel Héritié PS

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

Ambarès-et-Lagrave has twinning associations with:[5]

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 13,172 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,178 2,350 1,676 2,132 2,299 2,274 2,240 2,438 2,701
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,666 2,666 2,788 2,782 2,872 3,031 3,156 3,247 3,200
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
3,269 3,187 3,163 3,224 3,425 3,632 3,805 3,733 4,295
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
5,831 7,134 7,622 8,105 10,195 11,206 - 13,172 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ambarès-et-Lagrave

The population of Ambarès-et-Lagrave has more than doubled between 1962 and 1999. This significant increase in the population is probably due to the its proximity to the city of Bordeaux.

Economy[edit]

Although the tertiary sector (services) is predominant in Ambarès-et-Lagrave, the town also has many jobs in industry (secondary sector).

  • Allocation of Workers (2009, INSEE):
Sector Ambarès-et-Lagrave
(2009)
All France
(2009)
Agriculture (primary)
1.6%
1.2%
Industry (secondary)
27.7%
21.0%
Services (tertiary)
70.6%
77.8%

Unemployment rate: 9.8% (2009, INSEE)

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Covered Market

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Lavoir (Public Laundry) at La Gorp (1893)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Château Beauséjour (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7] was probably rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century but as farm buildings it may be older. The old house was listed as Pouyau on the Belleyme map and in the old Land Registry.
  • The Château du Tillac (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8] was the noble house of the Joly de Bonneau family. It was probably built in the 17th century perhaps at the site of an old house as it is located on one of the peaks at the end the peninsula.
  • The Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Charron House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Château de Formont (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13] was a former noble house on one of the peaks of the end of the peninsula and is shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the early 18th century as indicated by the date it bore of 1723 which is now destroyed.
  • The Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Château du Gua (1866)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16] was a former noble house of the Laroque, Donissan, and Pineau families. It was known early in the 15th century and mentioned on the Belleyme map. The house was completely destroyed and rebuilt in 1866.
  • The Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération (1837)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • The former Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc (1836)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • The Château Saint-Denis (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21] was perhaps an ancient noble house but not listed as such on the Belleyme map. Probably built in the 17th century for the Pineau family according to a U-shaped plan (as amended). It was the property of the actor Louis Jouvet in 1930.
  • The Château Peychaud (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22] [23] was a lordship documented since the 16th century belonging to the Fayet family. The old castle was probably rebuilt in 1680 and in the early 18th century when it included the current building flanked to the north by agricultural areas.
  • The Château Bellevue (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24] was probably rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a former U-shaped house mentioned as Puymanot on the Belleyme map and the old Land Registry. It has been converted into a school since 1980.
  • The Château Durandeau (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25] was a former noble house of the Rishon family shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the 17th century and rebuilt in the 18th century then extensively restored in the middle of the 19th century.
  • The Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • The Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • The Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]
  • The War Memorial at Place de la Victoire (1921)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • A Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge (1885)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]
  • Mills (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31]
  • Winemakers' Huts (19th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[32]
  • Houses, Manors, and Farms (18th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[33]
  • Montferrand Marsh (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[34]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint Pierre (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[35] [36]
  • The Chapel of Saint Denis (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[37]
  • The Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[38]
  • The Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[39]
  • The former Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[40]
  • Monumental Crosses (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[41]

The Parish Church of Saint Pierre contains a large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.

Picture Gallery[edit]

Sports[edit]

The Ambarésienne Sports Association (ASA) was founded in 1970 and is a sports association affiliated with the French Federation of Omnisports Clubs (FFCO). Its purpose is to provide sport for all. The ASA had more than 2,500 members and 23 sections in 2012.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Members of the musical group Noir Désir recorded part of their debut album at Ambarès near La Blanche (water point) and one of the members of the group lives in Ambarès.
  • André Lignac, born in Ambarès and was deputy mayor of the town for over 50 years.
  • Marc Oraison (1914-1979), born in Ambarès, priest and doctor.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Gironde (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Ambarès-et-Lagrave on the The Cassini villages in the communes of today from EHESS, consulted on 27 November 2011. (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001187 Lavoir at La Gorp (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001193 Château Beauséjour (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001208 Château du Tillac (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001207 Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001190 House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001188 House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001189 House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001196 Château de Formont (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001201 Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001194 House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001198 Château du Gua (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001199 Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001206 Château Saint-Denis (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001204 Château Peychaud (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00083109 Château Peychaud (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001192 Château Bellevue (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001195 Château Durandeau (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001197 Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001191 Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001184 Beaujet Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001178 War Memorial at Place de la Victoire (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001125 Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001181 Mills (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001180 Winemakers' Huts (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001115 Houses, Manors, and Farms (French)Camera aabb.svg
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001258 Montferrand Marsh (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001182 Church of Saint Pierre (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00083110 Church of Saint Pierre (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001205 Chapel of Saint Denis (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001200 Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001185 Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001183 Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001179 Monumental Crosses (French)