|Lord Mayor||Wolfgang Dandorfer (CSU)|
|Area||50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||374 m (1227 ft)|
|Population||43,529 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||870 /km2 (2,253 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The town was first mentioned in 1034, at that time under the name Ammenberg. It became an important trading centre in the Middle Ages, exporting mainly iron ore and iron products. In 1269, together with Bamberg, the town became subordinate to the Wittelsbach dynasty that ruled Bavaria.
In 1329 the town and the entire Upper Palatinate fell to a branch line of the Wittelsbach family and was no longer part of the duchy of Bavaria. Although in geographic terms it was regarded as Bavarian and the region was part of the Bavarian circle in the organization of the Imperial Circles. The rulers of Upper Palatinate were open-minded towards Protestantism. In the 16th century the town turned to Lutheranism, but attempts of the ruling family to introduce the more radical Calvinism failed due to the reluctance of its citizens.
In 1628 Amberg and Upper Palatinate became part of the electorate of Bavaria. The inhabitants were given the choice: return to Catholicism or leave the town forever. Many families left the town and fled to the Free Imperial Cities of Regensburg and Nuremberg.
On 24 August 1796, during the French Revolutionary Wars, the city and its environs were the locale of a major battle at which 35,000 French, under the command of Jean Baptiste Jourdan fought with 40,000 under the command of Archduke Charles; the French suffered significantly more losses in this Austrian victory. Amberg was the regional capital of Upper Palatinate until 1810 when power was transferred to the larger city of Regensburg.
After World War II, when Bavaria fell into the American Sector, Amberg was home to Pond Barracks, a United States Army post. I.F.Stone writes about it in his book Underground to Palestine (pp.31ff). The post was closed in 1992 and the facility turned over to the local community for housing, most of it for social housing.
A defining feature of the town is the Stadtbrille (literally "town spectacles") – a bridge, originally a part of the town fortifications, whose arches reflected on the river waters resemble a pair of spectacles.
Other tourist attractions in Amberg include:
- Market Square, which contains the Gothic town hall (built in 1358) and the late-Gothic Parish Church of St. Martin
- The New Palace, the former residence of the counts of the Rhennish Palatinate, built at the beginning of the 15th century and renovated in 1603
- A well preserved section of the medieval walls and gates
- The baroque Franciscan monastery on the Hill of Our Lady Help of Christians (Germ. Mariahilfberg) above the town. This hill was given its name during the bubonic plague in the Thirty Years' War in 1633/4 when the locals beseeched the Virgin Mary to rid them of the plague.
- The 'Little Wedding House' (local German dialect Eh’häusl), claimed by town authorities to be the world's smallest hotel. Built in 1728, the 2 metre wide hotel was 'sold' to young couples for one night to circumvent laws prohibiting marriages between poor people.
Amberg is twinned with:
- Germany, Bad Bergzabern, Rhineland-Palatinate
- Poland, Bystrzyca Kłodzka (Habelschwerdt),
- Italy, Desenzano
- France, Périgueux
- Greece, Trikala
- Czech Republic, Ústí nad Orlicí (Wildenschwert)
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2011.
- "Eh’häusl" (in German). Official Amberg website. Retrieved 2012-02-18.