Amblie

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Amblie
Porte-des-champs.jpg
Amblie is located in France
Amblie
Amblie
Coordinates: 49°17′32″N 0°29′09″W / 49.2922°N 0.4858°W / 49.2922; -0.4858Coordinates: 49°17′32″N 0°29′09″W / 49.2922°N 0.4858°W / 49.2922; -0.4858
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Creully
Intercommunality Orival
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Yves Beaudoin
Area1 5.82 km2 (2.25 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 263
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14008 / 14480
Elevation 2–53 m (6.6–173.9 ft)
(avg. 25 m or 82 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Amblie is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of northwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambliais or Ambliaises, alternatively Ambligeois or Ambligeoises [1]

Geography[edit]

View of the Seulles Valley from the racetrack.

Amblie is located some 17 km north-west of Caen, 15 km north-east of Bayeux, and 5 km from the beaches of the Normandy landings in World War II. It is located in the middle of two valleys, those of the Thue and the Seulles, not far from the plain of Caen.

It can be accessed by the D22 road from Caen which passes through the south of the commune and continues to Creully. Access to the village is by the D35 road from Reviers in the north-east passing through the village and continuing south-west to Saint-Gabriel-Brecy. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of Le Bout de Haut and Les Planches. Apart from a patch of forest in the west and small patches of forest at scattered points, the commune is entirely farmland.[2]

The Seulles river forms the northern border of the commune flowing east then north to join the sea at Courseulles-sur-Mer. The Thue river flows from the south through the village to join the Seulles. The commune's floodplain (meadows and marshes), its light hillsides, and its agricultural plain provide it with rich agricultural production.

Amblie and its watercourses in satellite view: in the lower left the white point is the Amblie Orival quarry; the Seulles is on the left and the Thue a little more to the right

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The origin of the name may be from the Latin Amblia derived from Ambo Amnes meaning "two rivers".

History[edit]

The origins of this small village, situated on the road of mills, are uncertain. The presence of man is old, however, as evidenced by human traces dating back to antiquity. For several centuries, the territory was attached to French nobility through two families, notable members of which were Achard de Bonvouloir and the Count of Buisson de Courson. The textile industry developed in the 19th century employing mostly women. The water mills established along the Thue operated until 1945 and treated threads for textiles as well as grain. The village, like many others, suffered severely from depopulation from the beginning of the 20th century. After the First World War Belgian farmers settled in the territory. Spared during the Second World War, even though it was very close to the landing beaches, the village assisted Caen by establishing a refugee centre for thousands of wounded victims. Integrated into the sphere of influence of Caen, the commune again suffered a rural exodus to the big city.

On 29 June 1944 the Canadian Red Ensign flew over the headquarters of the First Canadian Army near Amblie. For the first time in history the Canadian Armed Forces were fighting under their own colours.

This ceremony is depicted at the Juno Beach Centre where a flag is displayed showing the Canadian Red Ensign with, in the top left corner, the Union Jack, the flag of the United Kingdom formed by the superposition of the cross of St. George, St. Patrick and St. Andrew. It is hallmarked with a shield with the Canadian coat of arms which was created by King George V in 1924. The Red Ensign remained the national flag of Canada until 1965. It was then replaced by the red and white maple leaf Flag of Canada.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1983 2014 Jean-Pierre Lavisse PS General Counsel
2014 2020 Yves Beaudoin

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 263 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
607 583 686 611 625 660 656 663 670
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
653 589 573 492 474 449 428 337 304
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
295 310 290 235 259 230 230 264 305
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
318 267 266 276 258 292 - 263 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Amblie

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Chateau des Planches (1785)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[5] In the 16th century the area belonged to the Planches family. In 1738 it passed by marriage to Buisson de Courson. From 1785 to 1789 (the years being inscribed on a chimney stack) Nicolas du Buisson de Courson built this castle to replace a dilapidated building. Simply decorated the new house consisted of a central building crowned by a triangular pediment on each side flanked by two pavilions.
  • The Chateau of the Achard de Bonvouloir family. The main part was built in 1792 and the mid 19th century out of Creuilly limestone. The property belongs to the descendants of Achard, a contemporary of William the Conqueror. The castle, surrounded by a large park, is composed of a central pavilion topped by a triangular pediment and flanked by two wings at the front. During the Second World War a camp designed to accommodate thousands of injured people from the city of Caen was located in the building.
  • There are two Fortified Farms in the commune:
    • The Bourg farm, called "Fiquet", in the style of the 16th century. This farm was extensively rebuilt in the 19th and 20th centuries.
    • The former Levallois farm from the 13th, 14th, 18th, and 19th centuries is a typical Norman farmhouse with its enclosed courtyard, dovecote, stables, bakery, its granary, charretteries, two porches from 1739 for the main porch and 1710 for the porch leading to the fields formerly facing Bonvouloir Castle. In the main body of the house are traces of architectural features such as two sinks in puisette style from the 13th and 14th centuries with its western gable, and a tower with a spiral staircase typical of the Middle Ages which was once part of a stately home very altered in the 19th century. To the north of the main house are the Thue and Seulles rivers, near the Mill de la Porte which had two wheels. During the Normandy landings the mill housed the headquarters of the First Canadian Army commanded by General Harry Crerar.
    • The Chateau Farm from the 19th century called the Fiquet Vallerande farm. An architectural landmark for the region because of the Maine Anjou style.
  • Several Mills in the commune (without mill wheels). Located on the road of the mills, in the 19th century the village had a dozen mills distributed along the Thue. These establishments played an important role in industry and were mainly grain mills in this region, or pressing textiles, as at Cully.
  • The Seulles and Thue Valleys (the two rivers bordering the commune).
  • The Marettes Nature Garden, a garden for associative learning for vegetable garden cultivation.
  • The old Press in the area of the Bonvouloir family castle. A building in the medieval style dating from approximately the 15th or 16th centuries or possibly earlier - it was at one time the press for the village - its cider tower and Wine press can still be seen.
  • The old Pedestrian Bridge (1743) made of Creuilly limestone (300X200X400). Located just after the last Amblie mill, this bridge spans the Seulles river. The second arm of the river is crossed by a footbridge. The bridge was used by cows grazing on the other side of the river. After its deterioration from this usage it was restored after the construction of a ford downstream for the passage of livestock.
  • The Orival Stone Quarry (Merovingian). In this open-air quarry stone called Orival Quarry Tile is extracted. This stone is very coarse grained and is more resistant to frost than Caen stone. Quarrying from the Merovingian strata is important economically for several communes. Traces of ancient lime kilns testify to this. In the 11th and 12th centuries tile Orival Quarry tiles were used in the construction of monuments such as Bayeux Cathedral. These quarries were mentioned for the first time in 1692 in the land rents for Fécamp Abbey. Stone has been extracted continuously from the 19th century until the 21st century and is exported to large distances.
  • The Menhir of Planches.

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[6] This church bears the marks of many rebuilds. The Romanesque nave from the 12th century, as evidenced by the Gadrooning, is retained one aisle. The western facade was redone in the 13th century. In the 19th century a tower replaced a small steeple from the 16th century based on the archway separating the choir from the nave. The early vaulted choir was partly reworked and a side chapel has been removed. Only the five-arched opening on the north aisle are Romanesque. Some of the sculptures are fanciful figures: such as an outsized man's head or people being bitten by mysterious animals, resulting from workshop jokes typical of Romanesque style. The portal on the western facade is from the 13th century. It is surrounded by a Torus decorated with rings. The presence of this motif is rare, occurring in very few places in France.

Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Harry Crerar (1888-1965), Canadian General and "Commander of the land armies" of Canada during the Second World War. He made his headquarters in Amblie on 18 June 1944.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Photo of the ceremony on 29 June 1944 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111010 Chateau des Planches (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111011 Church (French)Camera aabb.svg