Ambrugeat

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Ambrugeat
Spring flowers in Ambrugeat
Spring flowers in Ambrugeat
Coat of arms of Ambrugeat
Coat of arms
Ambrugeat is located in France
Ambrugeat
Ambrugeat
Coordinates: 45°31′38″N 2°07′07″E / 45.5272°N 2.1186°E / 45.5272; 2.1186Coordinates: 45°31′38″N 2°07′07″E / 45.5272°N 2.1186°E / 45.5272; 2.1186
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Ussel
Canton Meymac
Intercommunality Ussel-Meymac-Haute-Corrèze
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Michel Saugeras
Area1 29.57 km2 (11.42 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 205
 • Density 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19008 / 19250
Elevation 614–972 m (2,014–3,189 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ambrugeat (Occitan: Ambrujac) is a French commune in the Corrèze department in the Limousin region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambrugeacois or Ambrugeacoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Ambrugeat is located some 80 km south-east of Limoges and immediately to the west of Meymac. It can be accessed by the D76 road from Meymac which continues through the village then south-west to join the D16 north of Égletons. There is also the D123 minor road running north off the D76 passing through the western part of the commune. The D76E also runs off the D76 to the south-east to join the D36 road. The commune is largely forested with some farmland.[2]

The village lies on the north-western shore of the Lac de Sechemaille whose shores form the eastern border at this point. Several streams rise in the commune and flow into the lake such as the Ruisseau de la Nauche, the Ruisseau de Laubard, and the Ruisseau des Farges. Other streams flow south through the western part of the commune to form the Ruisseau de Sautere.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

  • 1308: The Bishop of Saint Leonard de Noblat put an end to quarrels between the two Ambrugeat priests.
  • 1370: the entire Barsanges land was attached to the parish of Ambrugeat.
  • 1436: Pierre de Coux was pastor prior for Ambrugeat.
  • 1453: King Charles VII heightened Ambrugeat castle.
  • 1502: Hugues de Beynette founded a vicarage at the altar of the Virgin and a community of fifteen priests were moved to Beynat in Ambrugeat.
  • 1554: François Granier was prior of Ambrugeat.
  • 1558: a survey of the commune was carried out.
  • 1592: King Henry IV was supported by the lord of Ambrugeat.
  • 1598: research was done on the titles of the nobility of Ambrugeat.
  • 1599: Murat Antoine was Curé of Ambrugeat
  • 1647: Gilbert du Boucheron sells the rental property rights for the high, low, and middle for the village of Besse in Ambrugeat.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ambrugeat
Blazon:

Or, three lions gules posed 2 and 1.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1983 1995 Roger Brette
1995 2008 Jean-Claude Niéras PCF
2008 2020 Michel Saugeras

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 205 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
625 592 704 716 793 791 837 912 947
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
978 1,025 1,018 1,019 1,021 1,060 1,188 1,125 1,144
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,108 1,109 1,074 950 871 875 927 614 365
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
305 270 204 192 184 216 - 205 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ambrugeat

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse (1) at Laubard (1802)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse (2) at Laubard (1811)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Bread Oven at Laubard (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Bread Oven at Lassagne (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Lafond[8] (1663).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] The Farmhouse contains a pair of Andirons with hobs (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which are registered as an historical object.[10]
  • A Farmhouse at Besse (1662)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Chateau of Ambrugeat (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12] is at the entrance to the town. It was built as a fortified farm in 1448 by Charles VII.
  • Mills (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • Farmhouses (17th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
Other sites of interest
  • A very old Stone Trough attached to the Chassagnac house at Beynat.[15] Marius Vazeilles, a local scholar, said that the washing-trough is very old.[16]
  • In the same village, there are two other notable troughs. The second is located in the bread oven, a very old construction in the Madesclaire-Aumarchad house. The third is on the terrace of the Cheze Sailly Chassagnac families' house. This trough, in granite, has a diameter of 0.90 m and a height of 0.95 m round and is entirely hand carved. It is clearly a very old piece of undeniable archaeological value.

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Calvary of Besse (1623)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Monumental Cross at Laubard (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A Monumental Cross at Lassagne (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • A Monumental Cross at Besse (1623)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Monumental Cross (1899)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Presbytery (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • The Parish Church of Saint Salvy and Saint Martin (13th century) Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23] with its triangular gabled bell tower and three arched bays from the 16th century is at the centre of the village. Inside the church behind the altar is a large altarpiece from the 18th century.
  • Monumental Crosses (17th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]

The Parish Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Martial Brigouleix, a resistance fighter born on 24 April 1903 at Ambrugeat and shot on 2 October 1943 at Mont-Valerien
  • André Desassis (known as "Darius"), a resistance fighter born in 1920 in the village of Lassagne and died in April 1944 after an unpleasant imprisonment at Limoges. He set up contact with Georges Guingouin as a basis for the first FTP (Francs-tireurs et partisans) troops. A monument was erected to his memory on the town square in Ambrugeat and a ceremony is held every Easter Monday to recall his commitment: in particular the National Association of Veterans of the Resistance (ANACR) and the mayor of the commune.
  • Bernard Mazaud, painter and former resistance fighter

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Corrèze (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030197 Farmhouse (1) at Laubard (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030198 Farmhouse (2) at Laubard (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030200 Bread Oven at Laubard (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030196 Bread Oven at Lassagne (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ The village is spelled with a "d". There are several spellings (Lafond, Lafon, Lafont). Almost all the people prefer and write Lafont which refers to the town fountain where formerly they would fetch water every day.
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030194 Farmhouse at Lafond (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000349 Pair of Andirons (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030192 Farmhouse at Besse (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030189 Chateau (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030186 Mills (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030185 Farmhouses (French)
  15. ^ On 8 August 2010 a party was organized for the development of the trough.
  16. ^ He wrote: "I do not know of another similar except at Feyssaguet in Saint-Setiers but that stone trough is circular where the one at Beynat is rectangular."
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00099651 Calvary at Besse (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030199 Monumental Cross at Laubard (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030195 Monumental Cross at Lassagne (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030193 Monumental Cross at Besse (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030191 Monumental Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030190 Presbytery (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030188 Parish Church of Saint Salvy and Saint Martin (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00030187 Monumental Crosses (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19001326 Furniture in the Church (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000348 Bronze Bell (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000347 Bronze Bell (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000346 Commemorative plaque: obituary of Gilbert du Boucheron (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000345 Decorative Vase (French)Camera aabb.svg
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000344 Decorative Vase (French)Camera aabb.svg
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000343 Processional Banner (French)Camera aabb.svg
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000342 Ex-voto of the House of Lorette (French)Camera aabb.svg
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000341 Reliquary-Monstrance of Saint Vincent de Paul (French)Camera aabb.svg
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000340 Sunburst Monstrance (French)Camera aabb.svg
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000339 Ciborium (French)Camera aabb.svg
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000338 Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000337 Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000336 Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000335 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000334 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000333 Statue: Saint Salvy (French)Camera aabb.svg
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000332 Statue: Saint Salvy (French)Camera aabb.svg
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000331 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000330 Statue: Saint Theresa of Lisieux (French)Camera aabb.svg
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000329 Sacristy Cross: Christ on the Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000328 2 Statues: Saint Martin and Saint Salvy (French)Camera aabb.svg
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000327 Baptismal font enclosure (French)Camera aabb.svg
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000326 Saint Salvy Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, and Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000325 Virgin Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, and Retable (French)Camera aabb.svg
  50. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000324 Virgin Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, Retable, and Altar paintings (French)Camera aabb.svg
  51. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM19000323 Capital (French)Camera aabb.svg