Amealco de Bonfil

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Amealco de Bonfil
Municipality
Coat of arms of Amealco de Bonfil
Coat of arms
Location of Amealco de Bonfil in Querétaro.
Location of Amealco de Bonfil in Querétaro.
Coordinates: 20°11′17″N 100°08′38″W / 20.18806°N 100.14389°W / 20.18806; -100.14389
Country Mexico
State Querétaro
Municipal seat Amealco de Bonfil
Largest city Amealco de Bonfil
Government
 • Municipal president Javier Cajiga Rodriguez (ApM)
Area
 • Total 682.1 km2 (263.4 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 56,457
 • Density 83/km2 (210/sq mi)
  Data source: INEGI
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
INEGI code 001
HDI (2000) 0.6803
GDP (per capita) (2000) USD 2,200
Website (Spanish) Municipio de Amealco de Bonfil, Querétaro
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Amealco is a municipality in the Mexican state of Querétaro. Its name is thought to mean place of springs in Nahuatl. The municipality seat, also called Amealco, is located 63 km southeast of Santiago de Querétaro. Its elevation is 2,605 meters above sea level, and the annual temperature ranges from 15 to 20 °C. It is one of the oldest settlements of Querétaro, being founded in 1538 by Fernando de Tapia (also known as Conín) and Nicolás de San Luis Montañez, who would also found the State capital.

In the early 19th century, a group of French and Spanish entrepreneurs settled in the city and began the logging industry, which at its peak was one of the main suppliers of wood to Mexico City, and also exported wood to France and the United States. The governments of these two countries issued diplomas kept in the Palacio Municipal that certify the quality of Amealco's products.

A church in central Amealco.

The Hñähñu or Otomí people are concentrated in the southern and eastern parts of the municipality, in 34 settlements. The main ones are Santiago Mexquititlán and San Ildefonso Tultepec. They number around 20,000 people, or 36% of the total population. Amealco is the municipality with the highest concentration of indigenous people, with almost 80% of the State's total.

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Coordinates: 20°11′17″N 100°8′38″W / 20.18806°N 100.14389°W / 20.18806; -100.14389