Amenia (town), New York

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Amenia, New York
Town
Ten Mile River Metro North Station, Amenia, NY
Ten Mile River Metro North Station, Amenia, NY
Location of Amenia, New York
Location of Amenia, New York
Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 73°33′17″W / 41.84694°N 73.55472°W / 41.84694; -73.55472
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Victoria A. Perotti (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 43.6 sq mi (112.8 km2)
 • Land 43.3 sq mi (112.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 568 ft (173 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,436
 • Density 100/sq mi (39/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12501
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-01682
GNIS feature ID 0942425
Website AmeniaNY.gov
For the unincorporated community, see Amenia (CDP), New York.

Amenia is a town in Dutchess County, United States. New York, United States. The population was 4,436 at the 2010 census. The Town of Amenia is on the east border of the county.

History[edit]

The town was part of the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697, and was first established and settled around 1704.[1] The town was named by American patriot Thomas Young,[2] and the name is derived from the Latin word, amoena, which means "pleasant to the eye."[3] The Town of Amenia was officially formed in 1788.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (112.8 km²), of which, 43.3 square miles (112.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (0.57%) is water.

The east town line is the border of Connecticut. US Route 44 crosses the north part of the town.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 4,048 people, 1,625 households, and 1,074 families residing in the town. The population density was 93.5 people per square mile (36.1/km²). There were 1,814 housing units at an average density of 41.9 per square mile (16.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.40% White, 2.94% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.77% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.36% of the population.

Silo Ridge Country Club, a local attraction in Amenia

There were 1,625 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,231, and the median income for a family was $51,294. Males had a median income of $32,038 versus $28,769 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,095. About 3.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Webutuck Central Schools District serves the Town of Amenia.[6] The district serves pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade. Schools include Amenia Elementary School, Millerton Elementary School, Webutuck Elementary School and Webutuck High School.[7]

Two private schools serving the town are Maplebrook School and The Kildonan School. Maplebrook School is a small boarding school serving adolescents and young adults with learning differences.[8] The Kildonan School is a boarding and day school exclusively for students with dyslexia and language based learning differences.[9]

Libraries[edit]

The Amenia Public Library serves Amenia. The library was founded in 1938 and has a collection of rare historical books.[10]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The main thoroughfare of Amenia is New York State Route 22. State Route 22 runs through every town on the East side of Dutchess County. U.S. Route 44 also passes through Amenia, intersecting Route 22 within the Hamlet of Amenia. Metro-North Railroad has two rail commuter rail stations in Amenia, with service to New York City via the Harlem Line. The Tenmile River station is off Sinpatch Road east of Route 22, and the Wassaic station is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Tenmile River in a swamp. Trains leave every two hours during midday, evenings and weekends. In rush hour, peak-direction trains leave about every 30 minutes. There is no train service into or out of Amenia after midnight.

The town has train service to New York City via the Metro North Railroad. The local train station is called Wassaic, after the hamlet of Wassaic--a part of Amenia.

Notable people[edit]

Communities and locations in Amenia[edit]

  • Amenia – A census-designated place and hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
  • Amenia Union – A hamlet on the east town line on the border with Connecticut.
  • Leedsville – A location in the northeast part of the town, east of Amenia (CDP).
  • Sharon Station – A hamlet at the north town line.
  • Smithfield – A hamlet on the town line in the northwest part of the town.
  • South Amenia – A hamlet at the junction of Routes 2 and 3 in the east part of the town.
  • Wassaic – A hamlet in the south central part of the town.
  • Wassaic Creek – A stream on the west side of the town, passing through the community of Wassaic.

Buildings in Amenia listed on the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Buildings in Amenia listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amenia, NY". Tri-State Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ Hoheisel, Tim and Nielsen, Andrew R. (2007). Cass County. Andrew R. p. 47. 
  3. ^ "Amenia". ePodunk. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ Reed, Newton (2010). Early History of Amenia. Applewood Books. p. 45. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Webutuck Central School District". Webutuck Central School District. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Webutuck Schools". Webutuck Central School District. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Maplebrook School". Maplebrook School. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Kildonan School". The Kildonan School. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Amenia Public Library". Amenia Public Library. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Peru, Oxford, Maine Genealogy Project". Ancestry.com. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ Adams, Arthur G. (1988). The Hudson River in Literature: An Anthology. Fordham Univ Press. p. 321. 
  13. ^ "Gail Borden". Today in Science History. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Amenia, NY". Tri-State Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Wesleyan’s Fifth President". WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  17. ^ "Amenia, NY". Tri-State Chamber of Commerc. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Amenia, NY". Tri-State Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Joel Elias Spingarn Papers (PP)". The New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Amenia, NY". Tri-State Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  21. ^ "SWIFT, Benjamin, (1781 - 1847)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  22. ^ Hoheisel, Tim and Nielsen, Andrew R. (2007). Cass County. Andrew R. p. 47. 

External links[edit]

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Coordinates: 41°50′49″N 73°33′17″W / 41.84694°N 73.55472°W / 41.84694; -73.55472