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Izanagi uses Amenonuhoko to stir the sea

Amenonuhoko (天沼矛 or 天之瓊矛 or 天瓊戈 "heavenly jewelled spear"?) is the name given to the spear in Japanese mythology used to raise the primordial land-mass, Onogoro-shima, from the sea. It is often represented as a naginata.[1]

According to the Kojiki, Shinto's genesis gods Izanagi and Izanami were responsible for creating the first land. To help them do this, they were given a spear decorated with jewels, named Ame-no (heavenly) nu-hoko (jewelled spear), by older heavenly gods.[2] The two deities then went to the bridge between heaven and earth, Ame-no-ukihashi ("floating bridge of heaven"), and churned the sea below with the naginata. When drops of salty water fell from the tip, they formed into the first island, Onogoro-shima. Izanagi and Izanami then descended from the bridge of heaven and made their home on the island.[3][4]


  1. ^ Daniel C. Pauley. Pauley's Guide: A Dictionary of Japanese Martial Arts and Culture. p. 4. ISBN 0615233562. 
  2. ^ Jean Herbert (2010). Shinto: At the Fountainhead of Japan. p. 220. ISBN 0203842162. 
  3. ^ Joseph Jacobs et al (1899). Folk Lore 10. Folklore Society of Great Britain. pp. 298–299. 
  4. ^ D.B. Picken (2004). Sourcebook in Shinto. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 8. ISBN 0313264325.