American Airlines Group
|Traded as||NASDAQ: AAL|
US Airways Group
|Founded||December 9, 2013|
|Headquarters||Fort Worth, Texas, United States|
|Number of locations||
More than 330 destinations; hubs in
|Area served||Worldwide |
|Key people||Doug Parker (CEO)
Scott Kirby (President)
|Revenue||US$ 26.743 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||US$ 1.399 billion (2013)|
|Net income||US$ -1.834 billion (2013)|
|Total assets||US$ 14.323 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||US$ -2.731 billion (2013)|
|Employees||110,400 (Dec 2013)|
Mainline Air brands :
US Airways Shuttle
Regional Air brands:
US Airways Express
American Airlines Group, Inc. is a publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. It was formed by the December 9, 2013 merger of AMR Corporation, the parent company of American Airlines, and US Airways Group, the parent company of US Airways. The airline groups together form the largest airline in the world, with more than 6,700 daily flights to 336 locations in 56 countries worldwide, about $40 billion in operating revenue, over 100,000 employees, and plans to take delivery of 607 new aircraft, including 517 narrowbody aircraft and 90 widebody international aircraft. The integration of American Airlines and US Airways under a single operating certificate is expected to be completed in late 2015.
Merger between AMR Corporation and US Airways Group
In January 2012, US Airways Group, the parent company of US Airways, expressed interest in taking over AMR Corporation, the parent company of American Airlines. In March, AMR's CEO Tom Horton said that the company was open to a merger. US Airways (US) told some American Airlines (AA) creditors that merging the two carriers could yield more than $1.5 billion a year in added revenue and cost savings. On April 20, American Airlines' three unions said they supported a proposed merger between the two airlines. Under Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, American Airlines had been looking to merge with another airline. Earlier in July, a bankruptcy court filing stated that US Airways was an American Airlines creditor and "prospective merger partner"; on August 31, US Airways CEO Doug Parker announced that American Airlines and US Airways had signed a nondisclosure agreement, in which they would discuss the possibility of a merger.
In February 2013, American Airlines and US Airways announced plans to merge, creating, by some measurements, the largest airline in the world. In the deal, which was expected to close in the third quarter of 2013, stakeholders of AMR would own 72% of the company and US Airways shareholders would own the remaining 28%. The combined airline will carry the American Airlines name and branding; the holding company will be renamed American Airlines Group Inc. The US Airways' management team, including CEO Doug Parker, will retain most operational management positions. The headquarters for the new airline will also be consolidated at American's current headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas. US Airways will exit Star Alliance upon completion of the merger, and American will retain its Oneworld alliance. Judge Sean Lane approved the merger on March 27, 2013, but declined to approve a proposed $20 million severance package to AA executive Thomas W. Horton. On July 12, US Airways shareholders approved the proposed merger.
On August 13, 2013, the United States Department of Justice along with attorneys general from the District of Columbia, Arizona (headquarters of US Airways), Florida, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas (headquarters of American Airlines), and Virginia filed a lawsuit seeking to block the merger, arguing that it would mean less competition and higher prices. American Airlines and US Airways both said that they would fight against the lawsuit and defend their merger. In early October 2013, the District Attorney of Texas quit the anti-trust lawsuit.
The Department of Justice reached a settlement of its lawsuit on November 12, 2013. The settlement will require the merged airline to give up landing slots or gates in 7 major airports. Under the deal, the new American is required to sell 104 slots at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and 34 slots at LaGuardia Airport. An additional requirement is that American sell two gates at O'Hare International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, Logan International Airport, Dallas Love Field and Miami International Airport. Some of the slots will be sold to low-cost carriers such as JetBlue and Southwest Airlines.
A private antitrust suit, filed by a group of 40 passengers and travel agents, also sought to block the merger. American's bankruptcy court judge refused to enjoin the two airlines from merging, saying that the group did not demonstrate that the merger would irreparably harm them. The plaintiffs' lawyer appealed and was turned down at the U.S. District Court level and was further rebuffed at the Supreme Court after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg denied a stay request filed by him.
As of April 2014, the American Airlines fleet consists of 627 aircraft an average age of 14.7 years, while the US Airways fleet consists of 341 aircraft with an average age of 12.1 years.
After retiring its last Airbus A300 aircraft in 2009, American Airlines operated an all-Boeing fleet (including aircraft produced by McDonnell Douglas before it merged with Boeing in 1997), until the first Airbus A319 aircraft entered the fleet in July 2013.
By the end of 2014, US Airways will maintain a nearly all-Airbus fleet, with the exception of some Boeing aircraft and a small fleet of Embraer jets. Most, if not all, of the airline's remaining Boeing jets are due for retirement near the end of the decade. These non-Airbus aircraft were being retained due to the union's minimum fleet size requirement.
With the post-merger with American Airlines, the combined airline will continue to operate the largest fleet of Airbus aircraft in the world.
All airframes will be transferred to American Airlines once a Single Operating Certificate is awarded by the Federal Aviation Administration.
|Airbus A319||115||5||12||—||—||112||124||Replacing MD-80s and older A320-200. All orders to be delivered until January 2015.|
|Airbus A320||65||—||12||—||—||138||150||Older aircraft are being phased out|
|Airbus A321||132||98||16||—||—||171||187||Replacing 757-200.|
||Intended to replace 757-200 and MD-80s. Deliveries from 2017.|
|Airbus A350-900||—||22||—||36||—||294||330||Deliveries from 2017.|
|Boeing 737-800||240||66||16||—||48||96||160||Replacing MD-80s.|
|Boeing 737 MAX 8||—||100||
||To be delivered from 2020|
||99||—||14||—||—||176||190||Non XM cabin aircraft are to be retired and replaced with A321s until 2018. 2 are painted in new livery (as of October 2014)|
|Boeing 767-200ER||5||—||—||18||—||186||204||To be retired in January 2015.|
|Boeing 767-300ER||58||—||—||30||—||195||225||28 being processed for phased out. 30 are being processed for retrofitted with new staggered business class and main cabin extra.|
|Boeing 777-200ER||47||—||16||37||—||194||247||To retrofitted with new Reverse Herringbone seats with half forward-half backward business class and main cabin extra. To be completed by the end of 2014 (targeted).|
||Deliveries from 2014.|
||Deliveries from 2014.|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82/83||143||—||16||—||—||124||140||To be retired and replaced with Boeing 737-800 and 737 MAX 8. Phased out by January 2019.|
American Eagle is the regional marketing brand of American Airlines. Currently, four airlines fly as American Eagle. Chautauqua's last scheduled flight with American Connection was on August 18, 2014, and the Envoy Air, a wholly owned subsidiary of American Airlines was previously known as American Eagle Airlines prior to the merger with US Airways. PSA Airlines, a wholly owned subsidiary of US Airways and an operator for US Airways Express, will operate 30 new CRJ-900 aircraft in American Eagle livery starting Spring 2014. As of May 20, 2014, PSA has taken delivery of three CRJ-900. On May 19, 2014, Mesa Airlines agreed to add another six Bombardier CRJ-900 regional jets to its fleet, and operate them as American Eagle. American has purchased 40 Embraer E-175 regional jets that have yet to be placed at a regional airline.
The table below shows the combined fleet for airlines operating at American Eagle and those operating as US Airways Express. All US Airways Express operated aircraft will eventually operate as American Eagle when AA and US operate on a single certificate. The column "Operating as" in the table below specifies which regional brand the aircraft are currently operated under.
|Airline||IATA Service||ICAO Code||Callsign||Aircraft||In fleet||Orders||Operating as||Passengers||Parent|
|Air Wisconsin||ZW||AWI||Wisconsin||Bombardier CRJ-200||71||—||US Airways Express||0||50||50||CJT Holdings|
|Compass Airlines||CP||CPZ||Compass||Embraer E-175||—||20||American Eagle||12||64||76||Trans States Holdings|
|Envoy Air||MQ||ENY||Envoy||Bombardier CRJ700
|American Airlines Group|
|ExpressJet||EV||ASQ||Acey||Bombardier CRJ-200||11||—||American Eagle||0||50||50||SkyWest, Inc.|
|Mesa Airlines||YV||ASH||Air Shuttle||Bombardier CRJ-900||49||6||US Airways Express||9||70||79||Mesa Air Group|
|Piedmont Airlines||US||PDT||Piedmont||DeHavilland Canada Dash 8-100
DeHavilland Canada Dash 8-300
|US Airways Express||0
|American Airlines Group|
|PSA Airlines||US||JIA||BlueStreak||Bombardier CRJ-200
|US Airways Express
US Airways Express
|American Airlines Group|
|Republic Airlines||YX||RPA||Brickyard||Embraer E-170
|US Airways Express
US Airways Express
|Republic Airways Holdings|
|SkyWest Airlines||OO||SKW||SkyWest||Bombardier CRJ-200
US Airways Express
US Airways Express
|Trans States Airlines||AX||LOF||Waterski||Embraer ERJ-145||3||—||US Airways Express||0||50||50||Trans States Holdings|
In January 2013, American launched a new rebranding and marketing campaign dubbed, "A New American". In addition to a new logo, American Airlines introduced a new livery for all aircraft in the fleet. The airline calls the new livery and branding "a clean and modern update". The current design features an abstract American flag on the tail, along with a silver-painted fuselage, as a throw-back to the old livery. The new design was painted by Leading Edge Aviation Services in California.
Starting in January 2014, following the merger of US Airways with American Airlines, all US Airways aircraft will be progressively painted in American Airlines livery. The first legacy US Airways aircraft to re-enter revenue service was an Airbus A319, tail number N700UW, which previously sported a Star Alliance branding.
On December 16, 2013, Doug Parker, the CEO of American Airlines Group announced that a TWA heritage aircraft will be added in the future. “We will continue that tradition at American, including introducing a TWA aircraft in the future and keeping a US Airways livery aircraft. That also means we will keep a heritage American livery in the fleet”.
When completed, the merged airline will have the following hubs:
|Airport||Destinations||Daily flights||Hub airline before merger||Share AA||Share US||Share AA+US |
|Dallas, TX - DFW||172||877||American Airlines||67%||7%||74%|
|Charlotte, NC - CLT||131||665||US Airways||7%||63%||70%|
|Chicago, IL - ORD||113||522||American Airlines||36%||7%||43%|
|Philadelphia, PA - PHL||107||469||US Airways||5%||49%||54%|
|Phoenix, AZ - PHX||74||316||US Airways||5%||27%||32%|
|Miami, FL - MIA||109||310||American Airlines||66%||6%||72%|
|Washington, DC - DCA||75||292||US Airways||15%||34%||49%|
|Los Angeles, CA - LAX||44||180||American Airlines||18%||5%||23%|
|New York, NY - JFK||50||97||American Airlines||15%||3%||18%|
|1||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||834|
|2||Charlotte, North Carolina||526|
|6||Los Angeles, California||180|
|7||New York-LaGuardia, New York||180|
|8||Washington, DC (Arlington, Virginia)||176|
Share figures in the table above indicate the percentage of total domestic passengers at each airport.
A key part of the government's objection to the proposed merger is the combined share of takeoff and landing slots at slot-controlled airports that are existing hubs for either American Airlines or US Airways. Slot-controlled airports have restricted access for new airline entrants or expanded service by competitive airlines. The table below shows the share of total takeoff/landing slots for each airline at slot-controlled airports:
|Airport||American Airlines %||US Airways %||AA + US %||United Airlines %||Delta Air Lines %||Other %|
|Washington DC (DCA)||14%||54%||68%||9%||12%||11%|
|NY LaGuardia (LGA)||22%||11%||33%||5%||46%||16%|
|New York JFK (JFK)||18%||1%||19%||4%||40%||36%|
|Newark Liberty (EWR)||5%||3%||8%||81%||6%||6%|
- "World's largest airline formed as American Airlines and US Airways merge". Sydney Morning Herald. Agence France-Presse. December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- American Airlines Group Inc. Form 10-K, Securities and Exchange Commission, February 28, 2014
- "The new American Airlines". Chicago Tribune (Chicago Tribune Company). December 8, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Matt Joyce, Staff Writer (January 26, 2012). "US Airways CEO confirms interest in American Airlines". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- "American Airlines open to merger, CEO hints". Charlotte Business Journal. March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- "WSJ: US Airways Considers Merger With American Airlines". NewsOn6.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- "3 unions push American Air toward US Airways merger talks". Chicago Tribune. April 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
- "Creditor, 'prospective merger partner' US Airways gives support to American exclusivity extension". LeveragedLoan.com. July 15, 2012.
- Koenig, David (February 19, 2013). "American Airlines' CEO to get $20 million severance". USA Today. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- "American Airlines, US Airways unveil $11 billion merger". Reuters. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "AMERICAN AIRLINES AND US AIRWAYS TO CREATE A PREMIER GLOBAL CARRIER -- THE NEW AMERICAN AIRLINES" (Press release). Fort Worth, TX & Tempe, AZ: AMR & US Airways Group. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "AA-US Airways Merger Approved, Not CEO Severance". WDFW TV. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- Jones, Charisse (July 12, 2013). "US Airways shareholders OK American Airlines merger". USA Today. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "American Airlines has no Plan B, will take antitrust fight to court". The Dallas Morning News. August 20, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- Evan Perez (August 13, 2013). "US government seeks to block American-US Airways merger". CNN.
- Maxon, Terry (December 11, 2013). "Confirmed: Settlement reached in the American Airlines-US Airways case". Dallas News. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Had Mouawad; Christopher Drew (November 12, 2013). "Justice Dept. Clears Merger of 2 Airlines". The New York Times.
- Isidore, Chris; Perez, Evan (November 12, 2013). "The Justice Department has reached a settlement with American Airlines and US Airways that requires the airlines to sell facilities at seven airports in order to complete their planned merger". CNN Money. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- American-US Merger Still Faces Private Antitrust Lawsuit. Frequent Business Traveler (November 18, 2013). Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Gives Green Light for American Air Exit from Bankruptcy and Merger with US Airways. Frequent Business Traveler (November 27, 2013). Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Supreme Court Declines to Block American, US Air Merger. Frequent Business Traveler (December 8, 2013). Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Ausick, Paul (November 15, 2013). "Merged U.S. Airways, American Airlines Will List with Nasdaq". 24/7 Wall St. via Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- US Airways fact sheet
- "Fleet statistics". aa.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "American Airlines Average Fleet Age". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Fleet age US Airways". Airfleets.net. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- name="US Airways Fleet""US Airways Fleet". Airfleets.net. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- 19 March 2014. "US Airways Fleet in chaviation". chaviation.com. Retrieved 2014-03-19.
- Blachly, Linda (July 23, 2013). "American Airlines takes delivery of first Airbus A319". Air Transport World. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- "American Airlines acquires 260 Airbus A320 Family aircraft" (Press release). Airbus S.A.S. July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- "Boeing Orders". Boeing. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "American ups 777-300ER backlog to 20, CEO says". Flightglobal. February 1, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- Jacobs, Karen (January 15, 2013). "American Airlines firms up orders for 787, 737 MAX". Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
- American, Republic ink deal for large regional jets. USA Today. (January 24, 2013). Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- Ahles, Andrea. "Star-Telegram 18 January 2013: "American Airlines shows off new look for new era"". Star-telegram.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- First US Airways Aircraft Takes to the Skies in American Airlines Livery
- "Home". Aa.com. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "GAO, Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of American Airlines and US Airways, June 19, 2013, Table 6 (share of total domestic passengers at each hub airport)". Retrieved September 18, 2013.
- "Flight Stats". anonymous. December 13, 2013.
- GAO: Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of American Airlines and US Airways, June 19, 2013, Table 7: : Slot Holdings of American and US Airways at Slot-Controlled Airports (February 2012). Retrieved September 18, 2013. http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/655314.pdf