American Battle Monuments Commission
The American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) is a small independent agency of the United States government. Established by Congress in 1923, it is responsible for:
- Commemorating the services of the U.S. armed forces where they have served since April 6, 1917 (the date of U.S. entry into World War I)
- Establishing suitable memorial shrines; designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining permanent American military burial grounds in foreign countries
- Controlling the design and construction of U.S. military monuments and markers in foreign countries by other U.S. citizens and organizations, both public and private
- Encouraging the maintenance of such monuments and markers by their sponsors
The Commission administers, operates, and maintains 24 permanent American burial grounds on foreign soil. As of May 2006, there are 124,917 U.S. war dead interred at these cemeteries: 30,921 of World War I, 93,246 of World War II and 750 of the Mexican-American War. An additional 6,033 American veterans and others are interred in the Mexico City National Cemetery and Corozal American Cemetery and Memorial.
Complete sortable list of ABMC cemeteries
Complete sortable list of ABMC monuments
The authorizing legislation for the American Battle Monuments Commission (36 U.S.C., Chapter 21) specifies that the President will appoint 11 members to the commission and an officer of the regular Army to serve as the secretary.
Chairmen of the ABMC
- General of the Armies John J. Pershing, (1923–1948)
- General of the Army George C. Marshall, (1949–1959)
- General Jacob L. Devers, (1960–1969)
- General Mark W. Clark, (1969–1984)
- General Andrew Goodpaster, (1985–1990)
- General Paul X. Kelley, (1991–1994, 2001–2005)
- General Frederick F. Woerner, Jr., (1994–2001)
- General Frederick M. Franks, Jr., (2005–2009)
- General Merrill McPeak (2010–present)
- Cindy Campbell
- Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel
- Darrell Dorgan
- John L. Estrada
- Evelyn P. Foote
- Rolland Kidder
- Richard L. Klass
- Constance Morella
- Ike Skelton
- Maura C. Sullivan
- Max Cleland, Secretary
- Register of Culturally Significant Property
- National Register of Historic Places
- American War Memorials Overseas
- World War I memorials
Other national war graves commissions
- Austria – Austrian Black Cross (Austrian War graves on the Vienna Central cemetery are still looked after by German War Graves Commission.)
- France – Ministère de la Défense
- Germany – German War Graves Commission
- Netherlands – Oorlogsgravenstichting (Netherlands Wikipedia)
- Russia – Association of War Memorials
- United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India and South Africa – Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- "Intro". American Battle Monuments Commission. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "History". American Battle Monuments Commission. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "ABMC Commissioners". ABMC. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- Österreich betreut Kriegsgräberstätten. In: Stimme & Weg, 2/2011, p. 24.
- Ministère de la Défense, SGA Sépultures de guerre (File of French soldiers killed in action)
- Website of the Oorlogsgravenstichting in Netherlands
- Nishiura, Elizabeth, editor (1989). American Battle Monuments: A Guide to Military Cemeteries and Monuments Maintained By the American Battle Monuments Commission. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics Inc.
- Hallowed Grounds (2009). PBS video of twenty-two America's overseas military cemeteries in eight different countries.
- American Battle Monuments Commission (1938). American armies and battlefields in Europe: a history, guide, and reference book. U.S.G.P.O.Selected photos available online through the Washington State Library's Classics in Washington History collection
- American Battle Monuments Commission (1938). American armies and battlefields in Europe: a history, guide, and reference book. U.S.G.P.O. Maps available online through the Washington State Office of the Secretary of State's Washington History collection
- Sledge, Michael (2005 (2007)). Soldier Dead: How We Recover, Identify, Bury, and Honor Our Military Fallen. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13514-9. OCLC 81452881.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to American Battle Monuments Commission.|
- Official website
- US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the AMerican Union Buried in National Cemeteries 1866-1871 Vols 1-27
- US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in National Cemeteries 1869 Vols 1-8
- US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in National Cemeteries 1866 Vols 9-12
- US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in American Cemeteries 1868 Vol. XVI
- World War I : Soldiers Remembered Presented by the Washington State Library and Washington State Archives
- Records of Thomas North regarding Dwight D. Eisenhower's service with the Commission, 1927–1929