American Collegiate Hockey Association
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (March 2013)|
|Type||Chartered non-profit corporation|
|Purpose||Sport governing body|
The American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) is a chartered non-profit corporation that is the national governing body of non-varsity college ice hockey in the United States. The organization provides structure, regulations, promotes the quality of play, sponsors National Awards and National Tournaments.
The ACHA currently has three men's and two women's divisions and includes approximately 450 teams from across the United States. Teams offer no athletic scholarships and typically receive far less university funding.
The ACHA offers an opportunity for college hockey programs that struggle with large budgets and Title IX issues, as an alternative to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) structure. Many schools field separate teams in both the NCAA and ACHA.
- 1 Policies and regulation
- 2 ACHA history
- 3 Membership
- 4 International competition
- 5 Logos
- 6 Men's champions
- 7 Women's champions
- 8 Notable players in professional leagues
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Policies and regulation
The ACHA's primary mission is to support the growth of two-year and four-year collegiate hockey programs nationwide. The ACHA identifies standards that serve to unite and regulate teams at the collegiate level. The ACHA emphasizes academic performance, institutional sanction, eligibility criteria, and standards of play and opportunities for national competition, and the ACHA promotes all aspects of collegiate hockey stressing the personal development of individual athletes as well as national recognition for member organizations. In order to do this, the ACHA has developed organizational by-laws and a Policies and Procedures Manual to provide the policy foundation for the organization as it works to fulfill its purpose. These documents are reviewed yearly at the ACHA's annual meeting.
The ACHA's policies cover team and player eligibility, rules of play, ranking procedures, national tournament procedures, and other administrative issues, although the ACHA parallels the NCAA Division III with most eligibility requirements, gameplay rules, etc. The league holds its annual meeting in conjunction with the annual convention of the American Hockey Coaches Association, in the month of April in Naples, Florida.
The ACHA was established on April 20, 1991. Fifteen charter members met during the Chicago Showcase in Skokie, Illinois at the North Shore Hilton. These member teams had been playing college hockey for many years but wished to legitimize its play by standardizing some of its procedures.
The members that created the organization were: Tom Keegan (ACHA), Al Murdoch (Iowa State), Joe Battista (Penn State), Jim Gilmore (Ohio), Ernie Ferrari (Stanford), Howard Jenks (California-Berkeley), Jeff Aikens (North Dakota State), Don Spencer (West Virginia), Jim Barry (Navy), Scott Fuller (Navy), Leo Golembiewski (Arizona), Ron Starr (DePaul), Cary Adams (PCHA), Jim Warden (PCHA), and Jack White (UCLA).
The inaugural year of the ACHA was the 1991-1992 season. The goal of the organization was to create an impartial governing body to monitor national tournaments, player eligibility, and general oversight. Over the years the ACHA quickly grew to over 150 teams in three men's divisions.
A Women's Division was added in 2000 with a second Women's division being added for the 2006-2007 season.
By the 2001-2002 season, marking their 10th year anniversary, the ACHA had a total of 179 teams registered with 33 teams in Division 1, 100 teams in Division 2, 18 teams in Division 3, and 20 teams in the Women's Division.
By the 2002-2003 season that number raised to over 250 teams, with Division 3 adding over 80 teams alone.
By the 2003-2004 season the number raised to 278 teams: 40 teams in D-1, 124 teams in D-2, 87 teams in D-3, and 27 teams in the Women's Division.
By the summer of 2007 ACHA membership had reached 360 teams (M1-54, M2-190, M3-139, W1-32, W2-8), that cover 48 of the 50 states.
Every year since 2003, the Men's Division 1 Showcase has been an event that features some of the top teams in the ACHA.
ACHA partners with Fasthockey.com to broadcast many of the league's games and National Tournaments.
The ACHA includes both Men's and Women's Divisions. The Men's side is made up of three Divisions: 1, 2, and 3. Division 3 was the last to be established in 1999. Each division has its own distinguishing set of guidelines which are explained below. The Women's side has two divisions. Division 1 began in 2000 and Division 2 is the most recent addition to the ACHA with its inception in 2006.
Despite most teams non-varsity status, the caliber of ACHA play can be quite high, especially in Division 1. Many large universities that do not sponsor hockey at the NCAA varsity level have become powerhouses, such as Ohio University and Illinois. Additionally, several universities that do sponsor NCAA varsity hockey teams also field an ACHA-affiliated teams. Of all non-varsity sports activities, the ACHA-affiliated hockey teams generally garner the most attention at their universities, such as Missouri State and Kentucky where it is the third largest spectator sport. The same can be said for the Arizona who draws the third largest fan base behind football and basketball.
All ACHA teams are members of USA Hockey and the American Hockey Coaches Association (AHCA).
- ACHA Men's Division 1 comprises 57 teams. There are seven conferences along with Independent teams that compete annually for the Murdoch Cup, which is awarded to the Men's ACHA Division 1 National Champion. Twenty teams compete in the National Tournament. These top-twenty teams are ranked/selected by way of computer rankings, and as determined by auto-berths from the seven regular-season Conference champions. At Nationals, teams ranked 1-12 all receive first-round bye's, with teams ranked 13-20 matching up 20 vs 13 (etc.), for the rights to play in the second-round in pre-determined bracket slots.
- Central States Collegiate Hockey League (CSCHL)
- College Hockey Mid-America (CHMA)
- Eastern Collegiate Hockey Association (ECHA)
- Eastern States Collegiate Hockey League (ESCHL)
- Great Lakes Collegiate Hockey League (GLCHL)
- Northeast Collegiate Hockey League (NECHL)
- Western Collegiate Hockey League (WCHL)
- ACHA Men's Division 2 is currently the largest division in the ACHA, it includes approximately 200 teams in 12 conferences and Independents. These teams are divided into four Regions (Central, Northeast, Southeast and West). A total of 16 teams qualify for the National Tournament, four from each region. Each month of the season a ranking of the top 15 teams in region is released. After the final ranking in February the top two seeds from each region earn an automatic berth into Nationals. Seeds 3-10 compete in their respective single-elimination Regional Tournaments, with the two teams who win both of their games also earning a Nationals berth. The National Tournament is a pool play format with the winners of each pool advancing to the semifinals. The semifinal match-ups are the winner of Pool A vs. Pool C and Pool B vs. Pool D.
- Atlantic Coast Collegiate Hockey League (ACCHL)
- Colonial States College Hockey Conference (CSCHC) (The Colonial)
- College Hockey Southwest (CHSW)
- Great Midwest Hockey League (GMHL)
- Great Northeast Collegiate Hockey Conference (GNCHC)
- Mid-American Collegiate Hockey Association (MACHA)
- Mid-Atlantic Collegiate Hockey Association (MACH)
- Mountain west collegiate hockey league (MWCHL)
- Northeast Collegiate Hockey Association (NECHA)
- Pacific 8 Intercollegiate Hockey Conference (PAC-8)
- Super East Collegiate Hockey League (SECHL)
- Tri-State Collegiate Hockey League (TSCHL)
- Western Collegiate Club Hockey Association (WCCHA)
- West Coast Hockey Conference (WCHC)
- ACHA Men's Division 3 consists of approximately 140 teams in ten conferences and Independents. These teams are also divided into four Regions (Atlantic, North, Pacific and South). A total of 16 teams qualify for the National Tournament in the same manner as Division 2. The National Tournament has also been conducted in the same manner as Division 2 since 2010. Before that it was single elimination and every team played four games. The one exception is the semifinals match-ups. The winner of Pool A plays the winner of Pool B and the winner of Pool C plays the winner of Pool D.
- Blue Ridge Hockey Conference (BRHC)
- College Hockey East (CHE)
- Delaware Valley Collegiate Hockey Conference (DVCHC)
- Empire Collegiate Hockey Conference (ECHC)
- Indiana Collegiate Hockey Conference (ICHC)
- Metropolitan Collegiate Hockey Conference (MCHC) (Contains Non-ACHA members)
- Michigan Collegiate Hockey Conference (MCHC)
- Mid-American Collegiate Hockey Association (MACHA)
- Pacific Collegiate Hockey Association (PCHA)
- Southeastern Collegiate Hockey Conference (SECHC)
- Southern Collegiate Hockey Conference (SCHC)
Players are selected from Men's ACHA schools to represent USA hockey in two different international competitions. The first is the ACHA Division 2 & Division 3 Selects Teams and the other is the World University Games team.
The 27th edition of the World University Games will take place in Trentino, Italy from December 11-21, 2013. The event will mark the seventh consecutive time that the ACHA will represent the United States. The World University Games team is composed mostly of Division 1 players and some Division 2 players.
The Division 2 & Division 3 Selects Teams alternate going over to Europe each year during the Holiday Break to play European teams. For the 2012-13 season it was the Division 3 teams turn to go to Europe. They played teams in Germany, Austria and Slovenia. For the 2013-14 season the Division 2 team will head off to Europe. The players are chosen from a round robin tournament in the spring usually in Pennsylvania. The tournament pits each conference's elite players against each other.
The original ACHA logo was created by Dave Kammerdeiner of the West Virginia University Art Department under the direction of Don Spencer for a cost of $50.
In August 2003, the ACHA held an official contest to design a new logo, with the winning school receiving free registration for the 2003-2004 season. The University of Washington's Husky Hockey team won the contest, with former graphic-design intern Tom Eykemans designing the new version of the logo (as shown above).
ACHA Founded in 1991 - First ACHA Nationals held at Penn State University.
|Penn State||6||1990, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003|
|Ohio||4||1995, 1996, 1997, 2004|
|North Dakota State||3||1991, 1993, 1994|
|Life University||5||1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002|
|Davenport||3||2008, 2009, 2010|
|Michigan State||3||2005, 2007, 2013|
|Florida Gulf Coast||1||2012|
|Grand Valley State||1||2011|
|1999–2000||Butler||Georgia Tech||US Naval Academy|
|2000–2001||Wyoming||South Dakota State||Georgia Tech|
|2001–2002||Robert Morris (PA)||Wyoming||Georgia Tech|
|2002–2003||Muskegon College||Hope College||Muskegon Community College|
|2003–2004||Calvin College||Georgia||Arizona State University|
|2004–2005||Colorado||Florida Gulf Coast||California University (PA)|
|2005–2006||Wright State||Northwood||Fort Myers, FL|
|2006–2007||Kennesaw State||Albany||Fort Wayne, IN|
|2007–2008||California University (PA)||San Diego State||Rochester, MN|
|2008–2009||Saginaw Valley State||Florida Gulf Coast||Rochester, NY|
|2009–2010||Saginaw Valley State||Hope College||Fort Myers, FL|
|2010–2011||College of the Canyons||Hope College||Holland, MI|
|2011–2012||Adrian College||Davenport||Vineland, NJ|
|2012-2013||Adrian College||Michigan-Flint||Springfield, MO|
|2013-2014||Adrian College||Hope College||Coral Springs, FL|
|Adrian College||3||2012, 2013, 2014|
|Saginaw Valley State||2||2009, 2010|
|College of the Canyons||1||2011|
|California University (PA)||1||2008|
|Robert Morris (PA)||1||2002|
Division 1 champions
|Year||National Champion||Runner Up||Location|
|2000–2001||St. Cloud State||Arizona State||Wentzville, MO|
|2001–2002||Wisconsin||St. Cloud State||Alpharetta, GA|
|2002–2003||Michigan State||Wisconsin||Muskegon, MI|
|2003–2004||Wisconsin||Rhode Island||East Lansing, MI|
|2004–2005||Robert Morris (IL)||Michigan State||Buffalo, NY|
|2005–2006||Lindenwood University||Robert Morris (IL)||Wentzville, MO|
|2006–2007||Robert Morris (IL)||Lindenwood University||Amherst, MA|
|2007–2008||Lindenwood University||Robert Morris (IL)||Bensenville, IL|
|2008–2009||Lindenwood University||Robert Morris (IL)||Rochester, NY|
|2009–2010||Lindenwood University||Michigan State||Blaine, MN|
|2010–2011||Michigan State||Northeastern University||Kalamazoo, MI|
|2013–2014||Miami University||Massachusetts||Newark, DE|
|Lindenwood University||4||2006, 2008, 2009, 2010|
|Michigan State||2||2003, 2011|
|Robert Morris (IL)||2||2005, 2007|
|St. Cloud State||1||2001|
Division 2 champions
|Year||National Champion||Runner Up||Location|
|2006–2007||St. Scholastica||Minnesota-Duluth||Amherst, MA|
|2007–2008||Rainy River College||Minnesota-Duluth||Bensenville, IL|
|2008–2009||Rainy River College||St. Scholastica||Rochester, NY|
|2009–2010||Northeastern||Rainy River College||Blaine, MN|
|2010–2011||Rainy River College||West Chester||Kalamazoo, MI|
|2012–2013||West Chester||Penn State||Ashburn, VA|
|2013–2014||Iowa State||Penn State||Newark, DE|
|Rainy River College||3||2008, 2009, 2011|
Notable players in professional leagues
- "Player Profile: Daniel Walcott". EliteProspects.com. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "Player Profile: Michael Lebler". EliteProspects.com. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Anton Lidemar". EliteProspects.com. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Adam Kubalski". EliteProspects.com. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Justin Depretis". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Tom Boudreau". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Curtiss Patrick". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Glenn Detulleo". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Mark Scally". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "Player Profile: Nick Pappas". Internet Hockey Database. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
Media related to American Collegiate Hockey Association at Wikimedia Commons