American Film Institute
|American Film Institute|
|Location||Los Angeles, California|
|Key people||Bob Gazzale
(President and CEO)
Sir Howard Stringer
(Chair, Board of Trustees)
(Chair, Board of Directors)
The American Film Institute (AFI) is a film organization that educates future filmmakers and honors the heritage of the moving picture arts. AFI is supported by private funding and public membership.
AFI is America’s promise to preserve the history of the motion picture, to honor the artists and their work and to educate the next generation of storytellers.
The Institute is composed of leaders from the film, entertainment, business and academic communities. A prestigious Board of Trustees chaired by Sir Howard Stringer and a Board of Directors chaired by Robert Daly guide the organization, which is led by President and CEO Bob Gazzale. Prior leaders were founding director George Stevens, Jr. (from 1967 to 1980) and Jean Picker Firstenberg (from 1980 to 2007).
AFI educational and cultural programs include:
- AFI Catalog of Feature Films and AFI Archive – the definitive written history of all feature films during the first 100 years of the art form – accessible free online and treasured by scholars, experts and film enthusiasts;
- AFI Conservatory – the world renowned film school led by master filmmakers in a hands-on graduate level program whose alumni are among the industry’s best artists;
- AFI Life Achievement Award – a tradition since 1973, the highest honor for a career in film;
- AFI Awards, the only honor celebrating the creative ensembles of the most outstanding motion picture and television programs of the year;
- AFI 100 Years... series – television events and movie reference lists, which have introduced and reintroduced classic American movies to millions;
- AFI's two film festivals – in Los Angeles, AFI Fest presented by Audi and in Washington, DC, AFI Docs presented by Audi;
- AFI Silver Theatre and Cultural Center – an historic theater with year-round art house, first-run and classic film programming in the Washington, DC, metropolitan region;
- American Film, an e-magazine that explores the art of new and historic film classics.
- 1 History
- 2 AFI Conservatory
- 3 AFI programs
- 4 AFI Directors Series
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The American Film Institute was founded by a 1965 presidential mandate announced in the Rose Garden of the White House by Lyndon B. Johnson – to establish a national arts organization to preserve the legacy of American film heritage, educate the next generation of filmmakers and honor the artists and their work.
The original 22-member Board of Trustees included Chair Gregory Peck and Vice Chair Sidney Poitier as well as Francis Ford Coppola, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Jack Valenti and other representatives from the arts and academia.
The Institute established a training program for filmmakers known then as the Center for Advanced Film Studies. Also created in the early years were a repertory film exhibition program at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the AFI Catalog of Feature Films — the definitive scholarly source for American film history.
The Institute moved to its current eight-acre Hollywood campus in 1981. The film training program grew into the AFI Conservatory, an accredited graduate school, widely regarded as one of the top film schools in the world.
AFI moved its presentation of first-run and auteur films from the Kennedy Center to the historic 1938 Art Deco AFI Silver Theatre and Cultural Center, which now hosts two major film festivals – AFI Fest and AFI Docs –making AFI the largest nonprofit film exhibitor in the world.
AFI continues to educate global audiences and recognize artistic excellence through its awards programs and 10 Top 10 Lists.
In 1969, the Institute established the Center for Advanced Film Studies at Greystone, the Doheny Mansion in Beverly Hills, California. The first class included filmmakers Terrence Malick, David Lynch, Caleb Deschanel and Paul Schrader. That program grew into the AFI Conservatory, a fully accredited graduate film school located in the hills above Hollywood, California, providing training in six filmmaking disciplines: cinematography, directing, editing, producing, production design and screenwriting. Mirroring a professional production environment, Fellows collaborate to make more films than any other graduate level program. Admission to AFI Conservatory is highly selective, with a maximum of only 140 graduates per year.
In 2013, Emmy and Oscar-winning director, producer and screenwriter James L. Brooks (As Good as It Gets, Broadcast News, Terms of Endearment) joined AFI as Artistic Director of the AFI Conservatory where he provides creative leadership for the film program known for its collaborative approach to hands-on filmmaking with masters of the art form.
Brooks' artistic role at the AFI Conservatory has a rich legacy that includes Daniel Petrie, Jr., Robert Wise and Frank Pierson. Award-winning director Bob Mandel serves as Dean of the AFI Conservatory, whose faculty is composed of dedicated professionals from the top of the film and television communities.
AFI Conservatory's alumni have active careers in film, television and on the web. They have been recognized with all of the major industry awards – Academy Awards, Emmy Awards, guild awards, and the Tony Award.
Among the alumni of AFI are Darren Aronofsky (Requiem for a Dream, Black Swan), Todd Cherniawsky (Oz the Great and Powerful, Avatar), Keith Cunningham (Bridesmaids), Janusz Kamiński (Lincoln, Schindler's List, Saving Private Ryan), Heidi Levitt (The Artist), Matthew Libatique (Noah, Black Swan), David Lynch (Mulholland Drive, Blue Velvet), Terrence Malick (Days of Heaven, The Thin Red Line, The Tree of Life), Wally Pfister (Memento, The Dark Knight, Inception), Robert Richardson (Platoon, JFK, Django Unchained) and many others.
AFI Catalog of Feature Films
The AFI Catalog, started in 1968, is the most authoritative filmographic database on the web. A prime research tool for film historians, the catalog consists of entries on more than 60,000 feature films and 17,000 short films produced from 1893–2011, as well as AFI Awards Outstanding Movies of the Year from 2000 through 2010.
AFI Life Achievement Award
Each year the AFI Awards honor the ten outstanding films and the ten outstanding television programs deemed culturally and artistically representative of the year's most significant achievements in the art of the moving image. An almanac encapsulating the year within the context of a unique, ongoing chronicle of cinema's history, AFI Awards is also the only national honor that acknowledges the collaborative nature of the art form – bringing the community's creative ensembles together in a unique celebration of their craft.
The Awards are announced in December and a private luncheon for award honorees takes place the following January.
The AFI Awards were first announced in 2000.
AFI 100 Years… series
The AFI 100 Years... series, which ran from 1998 to 2008 and created jury-selected lists of America's best movies in categories such as Musicals, Laughs and Thrills, prompted new generations to experience classic American films. The juries consisted of over 1,500 artists, scholars, critics and historians, with movies selected based on the film's popularity over time, historical significance and cultural impact. Citizen Kane was voted the greatest American film twice.
AFI film festivals
AFI operates two film festivals: AFI Fest in Los Angeles, and AFI Docs (formally known as Silverdocs) in Silver Spring, Maryland, and Washington, D.C.
AFI Fest is the American Film Institute's annual celebration of artistic excellence. The festival is a celebration of global cinema and today’s Hollywood – a showcase for the best festival films of the year and an opportunity for master filmmakers and emerging artists to come together with audiences in the movie capital of the world. AFI Fest is the only festival of its stature that is free to the public. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognizes AFI Fest as a qualifying festival for the Short Films category for the annual Academy Awards.
The festival has paid tribute to numerous influential filmmakers and artists over the years, including Agnès Varda, Pedro Almodóvar and David Lynch as Guest Artistic Directors, and has screened scores of films that have produced Oscar nominations and wins.
Held annually in June, AFI Docs (formerly Silverdocs) is an internationally recognized documentary festival in Washington, D.C., where filmmakers and our nation’s decision-makers engage around critical issues presented through film. The festival historically attracts over 27,000 documentary enthusiasts.
AFI Silver Theatre and Cultural Center
The AFI Silver Theatre and Cultural Center is a state-of-the-art moving image exhibition, education and cultural center located in Silver Spring, Maryland. Anchored by the restoration of noted architect John Eberson's historic 1938 Silver Theatre, it also features 32,000 square feet of new construction housing two stadium theatres, office and meeting space, and reception and exhibit areas.
The AFI Silver Theatre and Cultural Center presents an unprecedented variety of film and video programming, augmented by filmmaker interviews, panels, discussions, musical performances and other events that place the art on-screen in a broader cultural context, while amplifying its power to engage and affect an audience.
The AFI Directing Workshop for Women
The Directing Workshop for Women is a hands-on training program committed to educating and mentoring participants in an effort to increase the number of women working professionally in screen directing. Alumnae of the program include Maya Angelou, Anne Bancroft, Ellen Burstyn, Jennifer Getzinger and Lesli Linka Glatter.
AFI Directors Series
AFI released a set of hour-long programs briefly reviewing the career of acclaimed directors. The Directors Series content was copyrighted in 1997 by Media Entertainment Inc & The American Film Institute, and the VHS & DVDs were released between 1999 and 2001 on Winstar TV & Video.
Directors featured included:
- John McTiernan (WHE73067)
- Ron Howard (WHE73068)
- Sydney Pollack (WHE73071)
- Norman Jewison (WHE73076)
- Lawrence Kasdan (WHE73088)
- Terry Gilliam (WHE73089)
- Spike Lee (WHE73090)
- Barry Levinson (WHE73093)
- Miloš Forman (WHE73094)
- Martin Scorsese (WHE73098)
- Barbra Streisand (WHE73099)
- David Cronenberg (WHE73101)
- Robert Zemeckis (WHE73131)
- Robert Altman
- John Frankenheimer
- Adrian Lyne
- Garry Marshall
- William Friedkin
- Clint Eastwood
- David Zucker, Jim Abrahams and Jerry Zucker
- Roger Corman
- Michael Mann
- James Cameron
- Rob Reiner
- Joel Schumacher
- Steven Spielberg
- Wes Craven
- "WinStar TV and Video (Firm)". WorldCat.
- Official website
- American Film Institute collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- AFI Los Angeles Film Festival - History and Information