The American Journal of the Medical Sciences
|The American Journal of the Medical Sciences|
|Former name(s)||Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences|
|Abbreviated title (ISO 4)||Am. J. Med. Sci.|
|Edited by||David W. Ploth|
|Publisher||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (United States)|
The journal was established in 1820 as the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences by Nathaniel Chapman. A new series was started in 1825 under the editorship of Chapman along with William Potts Dewees and John D. Godman. In 1827 the editorship passed to Isaac Hays, who gave it its present name, and helped make it one of the most important American medical journals of the 19th century.
In 1984, the Southern Society for Clinical Investigation became the journal's sponsor. In 1994, 21 percent of submissions came from outside the United States. On the 175th anniversary, the February 1, 1995 issue featured a photograph of Volume 1 from 1820, a brief history and three classic articles were critiqued by contemporary scholars:
- Leo Buerger "Thrombo-angiitis Obliterans: A Study of the Vascular Lesions Leading to Presenile Spontaneous Gan-grene," 136 (1908); critiqued by David A. Cutler and Marschall S. Runge of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
- E. Libman and H. L. Celler's "The Etiology of Subacute Infectious Endocarditis," - critiqued by Edward Hook Jr., of the University of Virginia
- Norman M. Keith, Henry P. Wagener and Nelson W Barker's "Some Different Types of Essential Hypertension and the Cause and Prognosis," critiqued by Harriet Dustan of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Regarding these critiques, Martinez-Maldonado said:
|“||These were landmark articles that are known worldwide, because they were the first to address these issues, .... It's amazing that there has been little descriptive improvement on these original articles. We know more on the molecular level than they did, but as far as actual description goes, no one has done any better. ... This shows how clever and precise our ancestors were and their keen powers of observation.||”|
Modern journal 
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences is currently published monthly by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. The 2006 impact factor was 1.355, with a rank of 41st of 103 medical journals. As of 2007, the editor in chief is David W. Ploth (Charleston, South Carolina, United States).
Notable contributors, notable articles 
- Samuel George Morton published his first medical essay in the 1825 journal.
- Henry Jacob Bigelow. "Dr. Harlow's case of Recovery from the passage of an Iron Bar through the Head." 20:13-22 (1850). This was only the second significant article published on Phineas Gage and his 1848 accident, but the first to create significant awareness of the case, thanks to the American Journal's prominence. (The first article on Gage, by Dr. John Martyn Harlow himself, had appeared in 1848 in the Boston Medical & Surgical Journal, at the time arguably a less visible publication—though it is now the New England Journal of Medicine.)
- G. Kenneth Mallory and Soma Weiss described the first 15 cases of Mallory-Weiss syndrome in 1929.
- Mike MacArthur (January 30, 1995). "Medical journal celebrates 175th anniversary". Emory Report 47 (20).
- LWW: American Journal of the Medical Sciences: Journal Information (accessed 24 October 2007)
- Wood, George Bacon (1859). "A memoir of the Dr. Samuel George Moron". Introductory lectures and addresses on medical subjects : delivered chiefly before the medical classes of the University of Pennsylvania / by George B. Wood. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott. p. 443. OCLC 4402287. "His first medical essay was on the user of cornine in intermittent fever, and was published in the Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences (xi. 195, A.D. 1825)."
- G. K. Mallory, S. Weiss. Hemorrhages from lacerations of the cardiac orifice of the stomach due to vomiting. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 1929; 178: 506-15
Further reading 
- John S. Billings (1876). "Literature and Institutions". A Century of American Medicine, 1776-1876. H.C. Lea. pp. 289–366 (pp. 332–333).
- J.A. Pittman; Miller; D.M. Miller (1996). "The Southern Society for Clinical Investigation at 50: The End of the Beginning". The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 311 (6): 248–253. doi:10.1097/00000441-199606000-00001. PMID 8659550.