Provincial deputation in Spanish America

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Provincial deputation in Spanish America (1812-1814) - (1820-1823)
American Provinces of Spain at 1800

The Provincial Deputation was created by the Spanish Constitution of 1812 to provide a representation of the territorial division of Spain and the American dominions of the Spanish monarchy during the term of the Constitution of Cadiz in the Courts of Cadiz. The constitutional provinces are listed in section ten.

The term "province" in America had an imprecise meaning. The American deputies with the word referred to the small province (Partido), while the European deputies did with great province (kingdom, viceroyalty). The Spanish courts identified province with Intendant.

The province was governed by a "Superior Political Chief" appointed by the King. With the absolutist restoration in Spain in 1814 and 1823, the provinces disappeared and its territory was again included in the restored viceroyalties.

American Provinces of Spain during Constitution of Cadiz of 1812[edit]

Province Capital
Nueva España México
Provincias internas orientales Monterrey
Provincias internas occidentales Durango
San Luis Potosí Guanajuato
Nueva Galicia Guadalajara
Yucatán Mérida
Guatemala (Guatemala, San Salvador, Honduras, Chiapas) Guatemala
Nicaragua (Nicaragua, Costa Rica)
Cuba y las Floridas La Habana
Puerto Rico San Juan
Cuba Santiago de Cuba
Santo Domingo Santo Domingo
Venezuela Caracas
Nueva Granada Santa Fe
Quito Quito
Lima Lima
Cuzco Cuzco
Chile Santiago
Río de la Plata Buenos Aires
Charcas Chuquisaca

See also[edit]