American Red Cross National Headquarters

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American National Red Cross
American Red Cross headquarters.JPG
Exterior photograph of the American Red Cross Headquarters, a large, white, columned structure with red crosses on the portico peak and above the main door.
American Red Cross National Headquarters is located in Washington, D.C.
American Red Cross National Headquarters
Location 17th and D Sts., NW, Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°53′41″N 77°2′26″W / 38.89472°N 77.04056°W / 38.89472; -77.04056Coordinates: 38°53′41″N 77°2′26″W / 38.89472°N 77.04056°W / 38.89472; -77.04056
Built 1915 to 1917
Architect Trowbridge & Livingston
Architectural style Classical Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000853
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL June 23, 1965[2]

American Red Cross National Headquarters is a building in Washington, D.C. that was constructed between 1915 and 1917. It serves both as a memorial to women who served in the American Civil War and as the headquarters building for the American Red Cross.[2]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965.[2][3]

Tiffany windows[edit]

The Board of Governors room contains three Favrile windows by designer Louis Comfort Tiffany. The windows are notable for being the largest suite of Tiffany windows outside a religious building. Unlike many other Tiffany windows, these windows have remained in their original setting. The costs of these windows were donated by two organizations of Civil War women: the Woman's Relief Corps of the North and the United Daughters of the Confederacy. The left panel was based on Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, Santa Filomena, that honored the work of Florence Nightingale. The center panel depicts the conception of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement at the Battle of Solferino near Solferino, Italy. The right panel depicts a scene from Edmund Spenser's epic poem The Faerie Queene.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "Red Cross (American National) Headquarters". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  3. ^ Blanche Higgins Schroer (1985). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: American Red Cross National Headquarters PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying three photos, exterior and interior, from 1964 and undated PDF (32 KB)
  4. ^ "American Red Cross Museum". American Red Cross. Archived from the original on 13 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 

External links[edit]