Senna hebecarpa

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Senna hebecarpa
Senna hebecarpa.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Genus: Senna
Species: S. hebecarpa
Binomial name
Senna hebecarpa
(Fernald) Irwin & Barneby [1]
Synonyms

Cassia hebecarpa Fernald
Cassia hebecarpa Fernald var. longipila E.L. Braun
Senna hebecarpa (Fernald) Irwin & Barneby var. longipila (E.L. Braun) C.F. Reed[2]

Senna hebecarpa, with the common names wild senna and American senna, is a species of legume native to eastern North America. [2][1][3] [4]

Distribution[edit]

The plant is found from the Great Lakes region and Maine southwards through the Eastern United States, in the Appalachian Mountains and Atlantic Plains, to Georgia. [2][5]

It is found in moist open woodlands, and in disturbed areas.[5]

Description[edit]

Senna hebecarpa grows as a sparsely branched perennial shrub. It has axils of compound leaves. [6]

Clusters of light yellow to orange flowers bloom through July and August in North America. [6]

Uses[edit]

The Native American Cherokee and Iroquois peoples used this as a traditional medicinal plant. [7]

Senna hebecarpa is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for use as a perennial wildflower and flowering shrub in traditional and wildlife gardens, in natural landscaping projects, and for habitat restoration projects.[6][3][4]

It is a larval host and nectar source for the Cloudless Giant Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) butterfly.[6] It is also of special value to native bumble bees [6] [8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]