American University in Cairo

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The American University in Cairo
الجامعة الأمريكية بالقاهرة
Motto Catalyst for Change
Established 1919
Type Private
President Lisa Anderson
Provost Amr Shaarawi (acting; Oct., 8, 2012)
Academic staff Full-time 423
Part-Time 358
Students 6,824
Undergraduates 5,244
Postgraduates 1,259
Location Cairo, Egypt
Campus New Cairo, Egypt (Main Campus) and Tahrir Square (Downtown Campus)
Mascot Eagle
Website aucegypt.edu

The American University in Cairo (AUC) is an independent, nonprofit, English language, liberal arts university located in Cairo, Egypt. The university provides Western-style liberal arts education to students from Egypt and other countries around the world. The university contributes substantially towards Egypt’s intellectual life.

The university offers American-styled learning programs at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels, along with an extensive[peacock term] continuing education program. The university promotes professional education and lifelong learning.

The AUC student body represents over 100 countries.[1] AUC's faculty members, adjunct teaching staff and visiting lecturers are internationally diverse and include academics, business professionals, diplomats, journalists, writers and others from the United States, Egypt and other countries.

Academic development of the university[edit]

The American University in Cairo was founded in 1919 by American Mission in Egypt, a Protestant mission sponsored by the United Presbyterian Church of North America, as an English-language university and preparatory school.[2]

Originally, AUC was intended to be both a preparatory school and a university. The preparatory school opened to 142 students on October 5, 1920 in the former minister of education Ahmad Khairy Pasha’s palace, built in the 1860s and known as Khairy Pasha palace. The first diplomas issued were junior college-level certificates given to 20 students in 1923.[3]

At first an institution only for males, the university enrolled its first female student in 1928, the same year in which the first university class graduated, with two BAs and one BSc degrees awarded.

In the 1950s, the university changed its name from The American University at Cairo, replacing "at" with "in."

The American University in Cairo Press was established in 1960; today, it publishes up to 60 books annually.[4]

In 1978, the university established the Desert Development Center to promote sustainable development in Egypt's reclaimed desert areas.[5] The Desert Development Center's legacy is now being carried forward by the Research Institute for a Sustainable Environment.[6]

AUC Campus history[edit]

Tahrir Square Campus

AUC was originally established in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo. The 7.8-acre Tahrir Square campus was developed around the Khairy Pasha Palace. Built in the neo-Mamluk style,[further explanation needed] the palace inspired an architectural style that has been replicated throughout Cairo.[7] Ewart Hall was established in 1928, named for William Dana Ewart, the father of an American visitor to the campus, who made a gift of $100,000 towards the cost of construction on the condition that she remain anonymous.[8] The structure was designed by A. St. John Diament, abutting the south side of the Palace. The central portion of the building houses an auditorium large enough to seat 1,200, as well as classrooms, offices and exhibition galleries. The school’s continued growth required additional space, and in 1932, a new building was dedicated to house the School of Oriental Studies. East of Ewart Hall, the centerpiece of the new building is Oriental Hall, an auditorium and reception room built and decorated in an adaptation of traditional styles,[9] yet responsive to the architectural style of their own time.[7]

In the fall of 2008, AUC officially inaugurated AUC New Cairo, a new 260-acre suburban campus in New Cairo, a satellite city 45 minutes away from the downtown campus. New Cairo is a development comprising 46,000 acres of land with a projected population of 2.5 million people.[10] AUC New Cairo provides advanced facilities for research and learning, as well as all the modern resources needed to support campus life.[11] In its master plan for the new campus, the university mandated that the campus express the university’s values as a liberal arts institution in what is essentially a non-Western context with deep traditional roots and high aspirations.[12] The new campus is intended to serve as a case study for how architectural harmony and diversity can coexist creatively and how tradition and modernity can appeal to the senses.[13] Campus spaces serve as virtual laboratories for the study of desert development, biological sciences and the symbiotic relationship between environment and community.[13]

The Research Centers Building houses the AUC Forum, the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Alsaud Center for American Studies, the John D. Gerhart Center for Philanthropy and Civic Engagement and the Yousef Hameel Science and Technology Research Center.

The Dr. Hamza AlKholi Information Center houses AUC’s offices for enrollment, admissions, student financial affairs and student services. The Howard Theatre is located at The Hatem and Janet Mostafa Core Academic Center, along with the Mansour Group Lecture Hall, the Academic Advising Center and the Office of the Dean of Undergraduate Studies.

There are two theaters within the AUC Center for the Arts, the Malak Gabr Arts Theater and the Gerhart Theater, as well as the Sharjah Art Gallery and offices for the Department of Performing and Visual Arts.

AUC New Campus

The university’s Campus Center provides students with a communal area to eat, congregate, organize trips and attend campus-wide events. Inside the building are a bookstore, gift shop, bank, travel office and the main dining room. There is also a daycare center, a faculty lounge and offices for student services, the travel office and the AUC Press Campus shop.

Near the Campus Center is the student-housing complex. Across from the student residences is the three-story AUC Sports Center, including a 2,000-seat multipurpose court, a jogging track, six squash courts, martial arts and exercise studios, a free weight studio and training courts. Outdoor facilities include a 2,000-seat track and field stadium, swimming pool, soccer field, jogging and cycling track and courts for tennis, basketball, handball and volleyball.[11]

Housing one of the largest English-language collections in the region, AUC’s five-story library includes space for 600,000 volumes in the main library and 100,000 volumes in the Rare Books and Special Collections Library; locked carrels; computer workstations; video and audio production and editing labs; and comprehensive resources for digitizing, microfilming and preserving documents. In addition, on the plaza level of the library, the Learning Commons emphasizes group and collaborative learning. This unique area integrates independent study, interactive learning, multimedia and technology rooms, and copy and writing centers.[11]

AUC New Cairo was built using 24,000 tons of reinforcing steel, as well as 115,000 square meters of stone, marble, granite cladding and flooring. More than 7,000 workers worked two shifts on the construction site.[14]

Sandstone for the walls of campus buildings was provided by a single quarry in Kom Ombo, 50 kilometers north of Aswan. The stone arrived by truck in giant multi-ton blocks, which were cut and shaped for walls, arches and other uses at a stone-cutting plant built on the site. The walls were constructed according to energy management systems which reduce campus air conditioning and heating energy use by at least 50 percent as compared to conventional construction methods. More than 75 percent of the stone in the Alumni Wall that circles the campus was recycled from stone that would otherwise have been discarded as waste after cutting.

AUC New Cairo

A 1.6-kilometer service tunnel that runs beneath the central avenue along the spine of AUC’s campus is a key element to making its overall pedestrian nature possible. Services accessible via the tunnel include all deliveries and pickups from campus buildings, fiber optic and technology-related wiring, major electrical conduits and plumbing for hot water, domestic water and chilled water for air conditioning. All other pipes for sewage, natural gas, irrigation and fire fighting are buried on the campus, outside the tunnel, around buildings as needed for their purposes.[14]

The Urban Land Institute recognized AUC’s new campus design and construction with a special award recognizing its energy efficiency, its architecture, its capacity for community development.[15] The campus is host to more than 30 undergraduate programs and 15 graduate programs. It offers six schools and ten research centers.

Margaret Scobey, former US Ambassador to Egypt, was among the guests at the inauguration in February 2009.[16] In her remarks, Scobey said, “The new demands of our new world raise the importance of education. We need our future leaders to be diverse and to have a diverse educational experience…Perhaps most importantly, we need leaders who are dedicated to developing a true respect for each other if we are going to effectively work together to harness these forces of change for the greater good.”[16] Ambassador Scobey also delivered a message of congratulations to AUC from US President Barack Obama.[17]

Governance and administration[edit]

The American University in Cairo is an independent educational institution governed by a self-perpetuating Board of Trustees. In addition, there is a panel of trustees emeriti that functions as an advisory board. The Board has its own by-laws and elects a chairperson for an annual term. There are no students on the Board.[18]

Names of presidents and tenures

  • Lisa Anderson (2011–present)
  • David C. Arnold (2003–2011)
  • John D. Gerhart (1998–2003)
  • Donald McDonald (1990–1997)
  • Richard F. Pedersen (1977–1990)
  • Cecil K. Byrd (1974–1977)
  • Christopher Thoron (1969–1974)
  • Thomas A. Bartlett (1963–1969)
  • Raymond F. McLain (1954–1963)
  • John S. Badeau (1944–1953)
  • Charles Watson (1919–1944)

Academics[edit]

AUC offers undergraduate programs and graduate programs, as well as continuing education opportunities within its schools and research centers. The university’s English-language liberal arts environment is designed to promote critical thinking, language and cultural skills as well as to foster in students an appreciation of their own culture and heritage and their responsibilities toward society.[19]

AUC holds institutional accreditation from the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools in the United States.[20] AUC's engineering programs are accredited by ABET (formerly Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) and the business programs are accredited by the Association to Advance College Schools of Business (AACSB.) [21] In Egypt, AUC operates within the framework of the 1975 protocol with the Egyptian government, which is based on the 1962 Cultural Relations Agreement between the U.S. and Egyptian governments.[22] In the United States, AUC is licensed to grant degrees and is incorporated by the State of Delaware.[22]

Undergraduate and graduate schools

  • School of Business
  • School of Humanities and Social Sciences (HUSS)
  • School of Global Affairs and Public Policy (GAPP)
  • School of Sciences and Engineering (SSE)
  • School of Continuing Education (SCE)
  • Graduate School of Education (GSE)

Research centers

  • Access to Knowledge for Development Center (A2K4D)
  • AUC Forum
  • Center for Migration and Refugee Studies
  • Center for Translation Studies
  • Cynthia Nelson Institute for Gender and Women's Studies
  • Department of Arab and Islamic Civilizations
  • Desert Development Center (DDC)
  • Economic and Business History Research Center
  • El-Khazindar Business Research and Case Center
  • John D. Gerhart Center for Philanthropy and Civic Engagement
  • John D. Gerhart Field Station in El Gouna
  • Middle East Studies Center
  • Prince Alwaleed American Studies Center
  • Research Advisory Council
  • Social Research Center
  • Office of Institutional Research
  • Office of the Associate Provost for Research Administration
  • Office of Sponsored Programs
  • Yousef Jameel Science and Technology Research Center (YJ-STRC)

Rankings[edit]

Tahrir Square (Downtown Campus)

In 2013, the QS World University Rankings placed AUC 348th in the world and 1st in Egypt.[23]
In 2013, the QS rankings also named the School of Business as second best in Africa and the Middle East and among the top 200 in the world QS Global 200 Business Schools Report.[24]

Accreditation[edit]

AUC holds institutional accreditation from the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE) and from Egypt's National Authority for Quality Assurance and Assessment of Education (NAQAAE).[25]

Student life[edit]

As of 2004 most students at AUC are affluent. As of the 2003-2004 school year, the school established that due to campus security concerns, niqabs are not allowed. In recent years prior to 2004 due to increasing religious conservatism in the student body, government officials began removing books from curricula and the school library that the officials perceived to be offensive against Islam. The books had already been approved by government officials.[26]

Student Activities

Most of the student activities at AUC are organized by the students and for the students and address a wide variety of social, political and economic issues. Such activities include, but are not limited to:

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable professors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt’s AUC welcomes students from over 100 countries". Bikya Masr. 2010-09-06. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  2. ^ Murphy, Lawrence R. (1987). The American University in Cairo, 1919-1987. Cairo, Egypt: American University in Cairo Press. p. 1. ISBN 977-424-156-8. 
  3. ^ "AUC History". Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "About the American University in Cairo Press". American University in Cairo Press. Archived from the original on 5 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  5. ^ News@AUC. "Desert Development Center Leaves a Legacy at AUC". Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  6. ^ News@AUC, News@AUC. "New Research Institute for a Sustainable Environment Promotes Service". Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Downtown Cultural Center brochure
  8. ^ The American University in Cairo: 1919-1987, p 37
  9. ^ The American University in Cairo: 1919-1987, p 85
  10. ^ The Daily News, Egypt, February 8, 2009
  11. ^ a b c "The University - The American University in Cairo - acalog ACMS™". Catalog.aucegypt.edu. 
  12. ^ A City for Learning: AUC’s Campus in New Cairo, 2004, page 20
  13. ^ a b A City for Learning: AUC’s Campus in New Cairo, 2004, page 14
  14. ^ a b "Background". Aucegypt.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  15. ^ "American University in Cairo bags special award from ULI". Education Design Network. 
  16. ^ a b USAID Frontlines, March 2009
  17. ^ "A Grand Opening". Aucegypt.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  18. ^ "Board of Trustees". .aucegypt.edu. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  19. ^ Slackman, Michael (May 5, 2010). "A Campus Where Unlearning Is First". The New York Times. 
  20. ^ Association of American International Colleges and Universities (AAICU)
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  23. ^ "American University in Cairo". QS. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  24. ^ "Top Business Schools in Africa and the Middle East". Top MBA. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  25. ^ http://www.aucegypt.edu/accreditation/Pages/default.aspx
  26. ^ Anderson, Lisa. "Egypt's cultural shift reflects Islam's pull." Chicago Tribune. March 21, 2004. p. 6. Retrieved on February 19, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°1′11.8″N 31°30′1.24″E / 30.019944°N 31.5003444°E / 30.019944; 31.5003444