|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Amethi is a city and a municipal board in Sultanpur district in Faizabad division of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Gauriganj town is the headquarters of the Amethi district. Amethi was recently changed to district and officially named after Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj, by B.S.P. Govt., and is 72nd district in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Recently the name Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar changed back to Amethi as SP govt. came in the power this year (2012)
Amethi lies in latitude 26 degree 9 minute north and longitude 81 degree 49 minute east on Raebareli-Amethi-Sultanpur road about 40 km south-west of Sultanpur. Also called as Raipur-Amethi, of which Raipur belonged to the Raja of Amethi who lived at Ram Nagar. His ancestors used to reside in Raipur-Phulwari where the old fort is still found. Here is also a temple called Hanumangarhi and a mosque both built about hundred years ago. About three kilometres north of Ram Nagar there is a tomb of famous poet, Saint Malik Muhammad Jayasi where he died, and the fort was built by Bachghoti Rajas.
It is known as the seat of power of the Indian Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty. Former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, his grandsons Sanjay and Rajiv Gandhi (the sons of Indira Gandhi), as well as Rajiv's widow Sonia Gandhi have all represented this constituency. In 2004, a fifth member of the family, Sonia and Rajiv's son Rahul Gandhi, was easily elected to the seat in the 2004 general elections. As an educational hub of the area it has got 100yrs Old Rajarshi Rananjay Sinh Group of Institutions, Prime Educational Institutes are Indian Institute of Information Technology, Rajarshi Rananjay Sinh Institute of Management & Technology, Rajarshi Rananjay Sinh College of Pharmacy and Rajarshi Rananjay Post Graduate College. Amethi also boasts of the Avionics Division of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, the organisation responsible for manufacture of Aircraft for Indian Airforce. Amethi has also a unit of Indo Gulf Fertilisers
In Lucknow on 7 October 2003, the State Cabinet revoked the earlier notification regarding renaming of Amethi as Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Nagar. Now the Amethi will be known as its previous name, told Chief Secretary Mr. Akhand Pratap Singh in a media.Amethi has well known hospital known as Sanjay Gandhi Hospital at Munshiganj.Society for Animal Health Agriculture Science and Humanity is well known non-government organisation whose registered office is located at Munshiganj which is dedicated for transformation of rural life in Amethi.
General Characteristics of the District
This is the 72nd district of Uttar Pradesh which came into existence on 1 July 2010 by merging three tehsils of the erstwhile Sultanpur district, namely, Amethi, Gauriganj and Musafirkhana and two tehsils of the erstwhile Raebareli district, namely, Salon and Tiloi and was named as Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar. However, its name has been changed to Amethi recently.
Amethi is a major town of district and also a municipal board. It is also called as Raipur-Amethi. Raipur belonged to the Raja of Amethi who lived at Ram Nagar. His ancestors used to reside in Raipur-Phulwari where the old fort is still found. It is known as the seat of power of the Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty. Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s grandsons Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi as well as Sonia Gandhi have represented this constituency.
Location & Geographical Area
District Amethi lies at the latitude 26°9’ north and longitude 81°49’ east at an average elevation of 101 metres(331 feet) from mean sea level. Thetotal geographic area of the districts is about 3063 km2. The surface is generally level, being broken only by ravines in the neighborhood of the rivers. The principal river is Gomti,which passes through the centre of the district. North side of this district is bounded by Faizabad District; South side is bounded by Pratapgarh District. West side is bounded by Bara-Banki District and Rai Baeilly District and the East side is bounded by Amethi District.
The land of Amethi district is generally plane except some regions around the Gomti River which drains almost the whole district. It may be called an agrarian area as agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Amethi district has a wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 23°C to 28 °C. Amethi experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and a mild autumn. Typical summer months are from March to May,with maximum temperatures ranging from 36° to 44°C. The rainy season in the districts falls between June and September and July being the wettest month of the year. Winter starts from November. The daytime temperature hovers around 22 °C while night temperature is below 8°C during December and January, often dropping to 2°to 3°C.
No major minerals are found in the districts. Only sand is available along the bank of river Gomti which is used in construction of permanent houses. In some places stones are also found which are used by the Public Work Department for road construction in the districts.
The forest and the rivers of district Amethi are very important from the standpoint of climate and as a provider of life, providing water to a large part of the districts. They also harbor a rich variety of flora, fauna. The forests cover an area of 3749 hectares in 2009-10. The forest crop in the Amethi district is very poor and the commercial tree like Mango, Mahuwa, Jamun and Eucalyptus are found in the forest. The wood from Eucalyptus tree is used in the plywood industries.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2012)|
Manohar Singh, who had six sons, was the only son of the first of Bandhalgotis. The six sons of Manohar Singh divided the estate between them. Raj Singh, the youngest of the six brothers succeeded in adding to his share those of his brothers, Ram Singh and Kunwar Singh who died childless. The fourth descendant Ramraj Singh, Shriram Dev had two brothers Shyam Lal and Dharamir who owned Barna Tikar estate on the extreme west and the Tikri estate on the extreme east. Ram Sahay, the grandson of Shriram Dev was given as his share of the estate Kasranwa on the northern boundary of Amethi, while his great grandson Sultanshah obtained Shahgarh intermediate between Kasranwa and the older estates. Thus, the hold of Bandhalgotis seems to have separated the entire Amethi pargana.
The next of Bandhalgotis, whom anything is heard about was Gurdatt Singh, who in 1743 defied the local authorities and ultimately fled to the neighbouring jungle of Ramnagar. His fort of Raipur was destroyed in the siege of 18 days and his state was taken over. Drigpal Singh, the son of Gurdatt Singh, recovered the estate and from his time, the present taluqa of Amethi, the property used to be called Udaiwan. Gurdatt Singh was sometimes styled Raja and sometimes Babu. The title of raja was hereditary but it is not known how long it been adopted by the head of the family. Gurdatt Singh had two sons, Harchand Singh, who obtained the bulk of his father's possessions, and Jaichand Singh who become a separate proprietor of the Kannu Kasranwa. Harchand Singh owned the whole of Amethi pargana, except Raghipur. In 1810 he was defeated by Saadat Ali Khan and the Raja was left with only 48 villages. However, Dalpat Shah, his son in whose favour he abdicated recovered in 1813 all his father's original estates. Dalpat Shah died in 1815 and was succeeded by his son, Bisheshar Singh, who died childless in 1842. He was succeeded by Madho Singh, nephew of Dalpat Shah. Madho Singh tried to expand his estate and had to face hostilities from the nazim of Sultanpur, Maharaja Man Singh in 1845. Negotiations followed and Madho singh was given the lease of the whole pargana with the exception of a few villages. Madho Singh died in August 1891, shortly after the death of his only son, was succeeded by an adopted heir, Raja Bhagwan Baksh Singh, son of Babu Sheodarshan singh, a relative of the late Raja. The estate consisted of 314 village and four pattis, all in Amethi pargana.
The house of Shahgarh was founded by Sultan Shah, the brother of Bikram Shah of Amethi. It derived its name from a fort he built and called after himself. The estate consisted of 121 villages. From 1803 to 1810 Shahgarh was with the rest of the pargana, leased to Harchand Singh, but was taken away in the later year. It then comprised 40 villages but had increased to 60 in 1846 when it was again given to Amethi.
All the Kanhapurias of Sultanpur are descendants of Rahas, the second son of Kanh, the founder of the Clan. Seventh in descent from Rahas came Prashad Singh who had three sons. Fourth descendants of Janga Singh were Udebhan of Tiloi and Gulal Shah of Shahmau. The Raja Tiloi in the beginning of the twentieth century was the descendant of Udebhan. His property in the district consisted of Suratgarh and Naudand in pargana Gaura Jamo.
The other Sultanpur Kanhapurias are the descendants of Indrajit Singh, great grandson of Janga Singh. Balbhaddar Singh, son of Indrajit Singh had four sons. Pratap Bahadur Singh, Raja of Katari who owned 13 villages in pargana Gaura Jamo was the grandson of Balbhaddar Singh. Raj Sah who founded the house of Jamo was the second son of Balbhaddar. Mahabir Bakhsha Singh of Jamo owned 17 villages of that pargana was a descendant of Raj Sah in the tenth generation. Babu Raghuraj Singh of Baraulia who owned 13 villages in Gaura Jamo was another descendant. The taluqdar of Bhawanshahpur, Babu Debi Bakhsha Singh, who owned 12 villages and the patti in the north of pargana Amethi was the son of Tribhubhan Sah, the third son of Balbhaddar. The whole of Kanhpuria possessions were included in the old pargana of Jais, but was broken up into four parganas of Jais, Mohanganj, Sumrauta, and Gaura Jamo by 1775
Amethi is well connected to all major cities in Uttar Pradesh and North-Eastern India via Indian Railways and roads. It has many direct trains connecting with major cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Allahabad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Puri, Bhopal, Mumbai, Bangalore, Jammu and many more.
A number of Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation buses ply from Amethi, providing seamless local and national connectivity.
- "About Amethi".
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.