Amethi (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Amethi (Lok Sabha constituency)
India Uttar Pradesh districts 2012 Amethi.svg
Location of Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh
Existence 1967–present
Current MP Rahul Gandhi
Party Indian National Congress
Elected Year 2014
State Uttar Pradesh
Most Successful Party Indian National Congress (13 times)
Assembly Constituencies Tiloi, Salon, Jagdishpur, Gauriganj, and Amethi[1]

Amethi is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian parliament) constituencies in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[2] This constituency covers the entire Amethi district and was created in 1967.[3] Its first member of parliament (MP) was Vidya Dhar Bajpai of the Indian National Congress (INC) who was elected in 1967 and held his seat in the next election in 1971. In the 1977 election, Ravindra Pratap Singh of the Janata Party became its MP. Singh was defeated in 1980 by Sanjay Gandhi of the INC. Later in the same year, Gandhi died in a plane crash.[4] This forced a by election in this constituency in 1981 which was won by his brother, Rajiv Gandhi.[5] Gandhi went on to represent this constituency until 1991, when he was assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).[6][7][8] The subsequent by election held in the same year was won by Satish Sharma of the INC. Sharma was also elected as the MP in the next election in 1996. Sanjay Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) defeated Sharma in the 1998 election. The widow of Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi represented this constituency from 1999–2004.[9] As of the latest elections in 2014, her son, Rahul Gandhi is the MP of this constituency, a seat he has held since 2004.[10] As of 2014, Amethi has been represented by four members of the Nehru–Gandhi family since 1980.[11]

Assembly segments[edit]

Presently, Amethi Lok Sabha constituency comprises five Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments. These are:

  1. Tiloi
  2. Salon
  3. Jagdishpur
  4. Gauriganj
  5. Amethi

The constituency is surrounded by Bara Banki and Faizabad in the north, Rae Bareli to the west, Sultanpur to the east and Pratapgarh in the south.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi, the 7th Prime Minister of India represented Amethi from 1981–1991[12]
Lok Sabha Duration Member of Parliament Party
Fourth 1967–71 Vidya Dhar Bajpai Indian National Congress
Fifth 1971–77 Vidya Dhar Bajpai Indian National Congress
Sixth 1977–80 Ravindra Pratap Singh Janata Party
Seventh 1980 Sanjay Gandhi Indian National Congress (I)
1981–84 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress (I)
Eighth 1984–89 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress
Ninth 1989–91 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress
Tenth 1991 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress
1991–96 Satish Sharma Indian National Congress
Eleventh 1996–98 Satish Sharma Indian National Congress
Twelfth 1998–99 Dr. Sanjay Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Thirteenth 1999–2004 Sonia Gandhi Indian National Congress
Fourteenth 2004–09 Rahul Gandhi Indian National Congress
Fifteenth 2009–14 Rahul Gandhi Indian National Congress
Sixteenth 2014–Incumbent Rahul Gandhi Indian National Congress

Election results[edit]

General election 1967[edit]

Vidya Dhar Bajpai of the INC won the first election in 1967 and became its first MP.[13]

Indian general election, 1967: Amethi[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Vidya Dhar Bajpai 63,231 35.81
BJS Gokul Prasad Pathak 59,566 33.74
Independent A. Wahid 22,333 12.65
SSP A. P. Pandey 17,213 9.75
Swatantra Party R. H. Singh 9,883 5.60
Independent V. Jhunjhunwala 4,334 2.45
Margin of victory 3,665 2.07
Turnout 188,666 37.34
INC win (new seat)

General election 1971[edit]

Bajpai held the seat and represented the constituency in the Fifth Lok Sabha.[14]

Indian general election, 1971: Amethi[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Vidya Dhar Bajpai 96,312 62.13
BJS Gokul Prasad Pathak 21,335 13.76
NCO Wast Nabvi 19,051 12.29
Bharatiya Kranti Dal Kailash Nath Singh 11,787 7.60
Akhil Bhartiya Ram Rajya Parishad Basudev Shastri 6,541 4.22
Margin of victory 74,977 48.37
Turnout 160,395 30.05
INC hold Swing

General election 1977[edit]

Ravindra Pratap Singh of the Janata Party represented the constituency in the Sixth Lok Sabha. [15]

Indian general election, 1977: Amethi[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Janata Party Ravindra Pratap Singh 176,410 60.47
INC Sanjay Gandhi 100,566 34.47
Independent Abdul Wahid 8,450 2.90
Independent Badri Narain 6,306 2.16
Margin of victory 75,844 26.00
Turnout 302,826 48.59
Janata Party gain from INC Swing

General election 1980[edit]

Sanjay Gandhi of the INC won the election but he died in a plane crash later in the same year forcing a by election in 1981.[4][16]

Indian general election, 1980: Amethi[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Sanjay Gandhi 186,990 57.11
Janata Party Ravindra Pratap Singh 58,445 17.85
JNP(S) Mohd. Isa 41,734 12.75
Independent Mahavir Prasad 12,295 3.76
Independent Satya Narain Jaiswal 7,339 2.24
Independent Ram Dulare Yadav 5,320 1.62
Independent Chodhari Mohd. Halim Biriwala 3,311 1.01
Independent Munna Jaiswal 3,048 0.93
Independent Tarkeshwar Prasad 2,743 0.84
Independent Babu Lal Yadav 2,464 0.75
Independent Abdul Majid 1,969 0.60
Independent Paras Nath Gupta 1,755 0.54
Margin of victory 128,545 39.26
Turnout 338,531 50.10
INC gain from Janata Party Swing

By election 1981[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay's brother and also of the INC won the by election and represented the constituency in the Seventh Lok Sabha.[5][17]

1981 By election: Amethi[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rajiv Gandhi 258,884 84.18
Lok Dal S. Yadav 21,188 6.89
Independent R. Bali 5,690 1.85
Independent F. Bari 3,680 1.20
Independent K. B. Singh 3,386 1.10
INC(U) B. Singh 3,286 1.07
Independent D. P. M. Agarwal 2,728 0.89
Independent Bajrangi 2,586 0.84
Independent B. P. D. Dixit 1,648 0.54
Independent F. Ashraf 1,185 0.39
Independent B. B. Goswami 915 0.30
Independent L. Bahadur 854 0.28
Independent K. A. Khan 779 0.25
Independent U. P. Singh 714 0.23
Margin of victory 237,696 77.29
Turnout 307,523
INC hold Swing

General election 1984[edit]

Gandhi held the seat and represented the constituency in the Eighth Lok Sabha.[18]

Indian general election, 1984: Amethi[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rajiv Gandhi 365,041 83.67
Independent Maneka Gandhi 50,163 11.50
Independent Atam Prakash 2,975 0.68
Doordarshi Party Kunwar Brijesh Singh 2,002 0.46
Independent Mahendra Kumar 1,768 0.41
Independent Naseeb 1,417 0.32
Independent Mahadeo 1,356 0.31
Independent Jhallar 1,220 0.28
Independent Ram Chander 894 0.20
Independent Bansh Gopal 816 0.19
Independent Kalika Din 697 0.16
Independent Mohd. Yaqub 684 0.16
Independent Dharti Pakar Madan Lal 595 0.14
Independent Angad Sharan 581 0.13
Independent P. Nalla Thampithera 539 0.12
Independent Bhathoothi 482 0.11
Independent Sant Ram 465 0.11
Independent Ram Das 462 0.11
Independent Ali Singhani Bhagwan Singh 437 0.10
Independent S. R. Puri Kishankindha Puri Swamiji 413 0.09
Independent Mangal 409 0.09
Independent Lal Bahadur 360 0.08
Independent Uma Shanker 347 0.08
Independent Tahsildar Singh 346 0.08
Independent Onkar Nath Arya Bandematram 331 0.08
Independent Shivanna 308 0.07
Independent Mangroo Ram 294 0.07
Independent Shamim Ahmad 244 0.06
Independent Ajai Chaturvedi 221 0.05
Independent Yogendra Nath 200 0.05
Independent Bhagwati P. D. Dixit 196 0.04
Margin of victory 314,878 72.17
Turnout 446,289 60.25
INC hold Swing

General election 1989[edit]

Gandhi won a third term as MP and represented this constituency in the Ninth Lok Sabha.[19]

Indian general election, 1989: Amethi[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rajiv Gandhi 271,407 67.43
Janata Dal Rajmohan Gandhi 69,269 17.21
BSP Kanshi Ram 25,400 6.31
Independent Ayal Singhani Bhagwan Das 3,440 0.85
Independent Mayankar Paraveen Shanker 3,202 0.80
Doordarshi Party Anand Kumar Singh 2,937 0.73
Independent Prabhakar Rao Chauhan 2,156 0.54
Independent Bhawani Pher 1,242 0.31
Independent Dharti Pakar Madan Lal 1,095 0.27
Independent Rajender Prasad 1,071 0.27
Independent Atam Prakash 1,014 0.25
Independent Bela Ram Chavhan 997 0.25
Independent Yogendra Nath 971 0.24
Independent Raj Dhari 947 0.24
Independent Bhagwati Prasad 931 0.23
Independent Nagarmal Bajauria 919 0.23
Independent Naseeb 914 0.23
Independent Lal Chand 810 0.20
ABHM Kasturi Lal 803 0.20
Independent Kaka Joginder Singh Alias Dharti Pakar 799 0.20
Independent Rajendra Singh 788 0.20
Independent Hausila 747 0.19
Independent Budhan Ram 689 0.17
Independent Ramesh Paramhans 682 0.17
Independent Raja Ram s/o Dulahare 678 0.17
Independent Ahmad 663 0.16
Independent Jagdanand Jha 613 0.15
Independent Raj Rani 587 0.15
Independent Kamred Islam Ullah 565 0.14
Independent Bansh Gopal 542 0.13
Independent Parma Nand 491 0.12
Independent Ram Chandra Singh 448 0.11
Independent Ayodhiya 410 0.10
Independent Raja Ram s/o Brij Mohan 402 0.10
Independent Ram Baran 400 0.10
Independent Narian Dass 397 0.10
Independent Tej Pal 376 0.09
Independent Veerappa Gaunder 359 0.09
Independent Raja Ram s/o Ram Harakh 357 0.09
Independent Lal Behari 349 0.09
Independent Lallan 316 0.08
Independent Krishan Kumar 296 0.07
Independent Nazir Ahmad 247 0.06
Independent Swami Dayal 240 0.06
Independent Ved Narain Tripathi 200 0.05
Independent Harish Chandra Sharma 176 0.04
Independent Sheo Prasad Agarwal 158 0.04
Margin of victory 202,138 50.22
Turnout 425,746 46.78
INC hold Swing

General election 1991[edit]

Gandhi won the election but he was assassinated later in the same year forcing a by election.[8][20]

Indian general election, 1991: Amethi[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rajiv Gandhi 187,138 53.23
BJP Ravindra Pratap 75,053 21.35
Janata Dal Naeem 54,680 15.55
Independent Vans Raj 1,991 0.57
Independent Sukh Deo 1,908 0.54
Independent Ratan 1,760 0.50
Independent Awadh Behari Dass 1,694 0.48
Independent Tug Nath 1,570 0.45
Independent Anjum Zafri 1,484 0.42
Independent Deepak Rai 1,415 0.40
Independent Mohd. Ayub 1,395 0.40
Independent Ramesh Param Hans 1,333 0.38
Independent Ashok Kumar 1,295 0.37
Independent Islam Uljah 1,169 0.33
Independent Abhimanu Kumar Tewari 1,102 0.31
Independent Babu Lal 1,053 0.30
Independent A. Gaffar 1,040 0.30
Independent Chhitai 1,008 0.29
Independent Kutta Dharti Pakar Madanlal 875 0.25
Independent Shri Ram 754 0.21
Independent Ram Sunder s/o Girdhari 748 0.21
Doordarshi Party Ram Samujh Singh 742 0.21
Independent Nagarmal Bajoria 724 0.21
Independent Bamil Husain 715 0.20
Independent K. C. Shivanna 713 0.20
Independent Raja Ram 702 0.20
Independent Krishna Dutt 657 0.19
Independent Ved Narayan Tripathi 657 0.19
Independent Kedar Nath 650 0.18
Independent Govind 637 0.18
Independent Ram Tilak 628 0.18
Independent Rajendera Singh 550 0.16
Independent Ahmed Qadir 545 0.16
Independent Hotte Pakcha Rangaswami Alias S. R. Puri 533 0.15
Independent Sahbuddin 522 0.15
Independent Ram Sunder s/o Ram Prasad 509 0.14
Independent Ayodhya Prasad Tripathi 439 0.12
Independent Gajnafar Agha 422 0.12
Independent Sita Ram Sahu 202 0.06
Independent Javed Farroq 200 0.06
Independent V. T. R. Veerappa Gaunder 175 0.05
Independent Ram Narain Sashtri 161 0.05
Margin of victory 112,085 31.88
Turnout 376,202 40.97
INC hold Swing

By election 1991[edit]

Satish Sharma of the INC won the election and represented the constituency in the Ninth Lok Sabha.[17]

1991 By election: Amethi[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Satish Sharma 178,996 53.88
BJP M. M. Singh 79,687 23.99
Independent R. Singh 47,033 14.16
Independent J. Pratap 1,859 0.56
Independent U. Singh 1,308 0.39
Independent J. B. Singh 1,298 0.39
Independent S. Naraiyan 1,246 0.38
Independent A. K. Tiwari 1,069 0.32
Independent R. R. Pasi 1,034 0.31
Independent Jagdish 1,001 0.30
Independent R. Gulam 987 0.30
Independent C. (A. ENGG.) 982 0.30
Independent K. J. S. URF. D. Pakad 911 0.27
Independent T. N. Urfragardas 906 0.27
Independent B. Lal 856 0.26
Independent A. Jafari 777 0.23
Independent A. Sahani 768 0.23
Independent S. Nath 764 0.23
Independent Y. N. Mishra 747 0.22
Independent N. K. T. A. URF W. Bhaiya 736 0.22
Independent G. Raj 733 0.22
Independent N. Khan 675 0.20
Independent S. K. S. Upakhya "Rafa Dafa" 662 0.20
Independent J. Meraj 492 0.15
Independent S. R. Sharma 485 0.15
Independent R. Bahadur 482 0.15
Independent V. Raj 467 0.14
Independent R. Ram 452 0.14
Independent S. Naraiyan 441 0.13
Independent P. L. Srivastava 421 0.13
Independent Shankarlal 379 0.11
Independent V. N. Sharma 374 0.11
Independent Moh. Saleem 372 0.11
Independent Rajesh 371 0.11
Independent R. Singh 312 0.09
Independent S. Nath 289 0.09
Independent R. Asrey 278 0.08
Independent D. Wahadur 273 0.08
Independent P. Wahadur 232 0.07
Independent Dinegya 229 0.07
Independent J. S. Verma 219 0.07
Independent R. Prasad 161 0.05
Independent S. R. Sahu 158 0.05
Independent Sahoori 143 0.04
Independent Juntunisha 130 0.04
Margin of victory 99,309 29.89
Turnout 332,195
INC hold Swing

General election 1996[edit]

Sharma held the seat and represented the constituency in the Tenth Lok Sabha.[21]

Indian general election, 1996: Amethi[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Satish Sharma 157,868 38.81
BJP Raja Mohan Singh 117,725 28.94
SP Choudary Mohd. Isa 79,285 19.49
Independent Karnandan Singh Akela 13,277 3.26
Margin of victory 40,143 9.97
Turnout 426,913 38.71
INC hold Swing

General election 1998[edit]

Sanjay Singh of the BJP won the election and represented the constituency in the Eleventh Lok Sabha.[22]

Indian general election, 1998: Amethi[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Sanjay Singh 205,025 35.08
INC Satish Sharma 181,755 31.10
BSP Mohd. Naim 151,096 25.85
SP Shiv Prasad 29,888 5.11
Margin of victory 23,270 3.98
Turnout 597,556 53.73
BJP gain from INC Swing

General election 1999[edit]

The widow of Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi won the seat and represented the constituency in the Thirteenth Lok Sabha.[9][16]

Indian general election, 1999: Amethi[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Sonia Gandhi 418,960 67.12
BJP Sanjay Singh 118,948 19.06
BSP Paras Nath Maurya 33,658 9.43
SP Kamarujjama Fauzi 16,678 6.81
Independent Mohammad Israr 7,098 2.79
Margin of victory 300,012 48.06
Turnout 638,178 57.46
INC gain from BJP Swing

General election 2004[edit]

Sonia Gandhi's son, Rahul won the seat and represented the constituency in the Fourteenth Lok Sabha.[10][23]

Indian general election, 2004: Amethi[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rahul Gandhi 390,179 66.18
BSP Chandra Parkash Misra 99,326 16.85
BJP Ram Vilas Vedanti 55,438 9.40
Independent Sri Ram 12,320 2.09
AD Udai Raj Maurya 11,280 1.91
Margin of victory 290,853 49.33
Turnout 589,596
INC hold Swing

General election 2009[edit]

Gandhi held the seat and represented the constituency in the Fifteenth Lok Sabha.[24]

Indian general election, 2009: Amethi[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rahul Gandhi 464,195 71.78
BSP Asheesh Shukla 93,997 14.54
BJP Ashok Kumar Singh 37,570 5.81
Independent Sri Ram 12,320 2.09
AD Udai Raj Maurya 11,280 1.91
Margin of victory 370,198 57.24
Turnout 646,642 45.16
INC hold Swing

General election 2014[edit]

Gandhi won a third term as MP and currently represents the constituency in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha.[25]

Indian general election, 2014: Amethi[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Rahul Gandhi 408,651 46.64 -25.14
BJP Smriti Zubin Irani 300,748 34.32 +28.51
BSP Dharmendra Pratap Singh 57,716 6.59 -7.95
AAP Dr. Kumar Vishvas 25,527 1.36 N/A
Vanchitsamaj Insaaf Party Ved Pal Shastri 6,464 0.73 N/A
Margin of victory 107,903 12.32 -32.84
Turnout 874,625 52.38 +7.22
INC hold Swing -25.14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Assembly constituencies-Post delimitation" (PDF). Chief Electoral Office, Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha elections results 2014: Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand". The Indian Express. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Amethi: Gandhis to face first real fight". Hindustan Times. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Three attempts were made to kill Sanjay Gandhi: WikiLeaks". The Times of India. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Assassination in India; Rajiv Gandhi: A Son Who Won, Lost and Tried a Comeback". The New York Times. 22 May 1991. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Sharma, Rajeev (20 February 2014). "LTTE’s messages show why Rajiv Gandhi's murder should be re-probed (Part-1)". Firstpost (Network 18). Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "1991: Bomb kills India's former leader Rajiv Gandhi". BBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Seven convicted over Rajiv Gandhi assassination set to be freed". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "An Amethi first in 10 years for Sonia". The Telegraph (Calcutta). 19 April 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Does polls verdict signal decline of Gandhi dynasty?". The Hindustan Times. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Rahul Will Lose Heavily in Amethi: Kumar Vishwas". The New Indian Express. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Rajiv Gandhi (1944 - 1991): The Youngest PM". The Hindu. 9 June 2003. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 168. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 181. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 185. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 219. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Details of Lok Sabha By- Elections since 1952" (Excel). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 215. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 265. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 280. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 423. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 246. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 309. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Constituency Wise Detailed Results" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 153. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Constituencywise-All Candidates". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. 
  26. ^ "Parliamentary Constituency wise Turnout for General Election - 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 

Coordinates: 26°10′N 81°49′E / 26.16°N 81.81°E / 26.16; 81.81