Amfikleia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amfikleia
Αμφίκλεια
Location
Amfikleia is located in Greece
Amfikleia
Amfikleia
Coordinates 38°38′N 22°35′E / 38.633°N 22.583°E / 38.633; 22.583Coordinates: 38°38′N 22°35′E / 38.633°N 22.583°E / 38.633; 22.583
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Greece
Regional unit: Phthiotis
Municipality: Amfikleia-Elateia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 4,186
 - Area: 108.1 km2 (42 sq mi)
 - Density: 39 /km2 (100 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 3,191
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: ΜΙ

Amfikleia (Greek: Αμφίκλεια, before 1915: Δαδί - Dadi[2]) is a town and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Amfikleia-Elateia, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] At the 2011 census, the population of the municipal unit was 4,186 and of the community 3,191.[1] The town is situated at the northern foot of Mount Parnassus, in the valley of the river Cephissus. It is 11 km northwest of Kato Tithorea and 31 km southeast of Lamia. Greek National Road 3 (Thebes - Lamia) passes through the town. It has a railway station on the Athens–Thessaloniki railway.

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Amfikleia consists of the following communities:

  • Amfikleia
  • Bralos
  • Drymaia
  • Palaiochori
  • Tithroni
  • Xylikoi

History[edit]

Amfikleia was named after the ancient town Amphicleia (Ancient Greek: Ἀμφίκλεια). Amphicleia was also named Ἀμφίκαια - Amphicaea and Ὀφιτεία - Ophiteia. It was situated in the north of ancient Phocis.[4] The Persians under Xerxes destroyed the city in 480 BC during the second Persian invasion of Greece.[5] It was rebuilt afterwards, and at the time of Pausanias (2nd century AD), it was known for the worship of Dionysus.[4][6]

The town Dadi, which was founded near the site of ancient Amphicleia, was renamed to Amfikleia in 1915.[2]

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ a b "Πανδέκτης: Dadi -- Amfikleia". Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. ^ a b  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Amphicaea". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 
  5. ^ Herodotus, Histories 8.33
  6. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.33.9-11