Amfreville, Calvados

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Amfreville
The Square and Saint Martin church
The Square and Saint Martin church
Coat of arms of Amfreville
Coat of arms
Amfreville is located in France
Amfreville
Amfreville
Coordinates: 49°14′54″N 0°14′06″W / 49.2483°N 0.235°W / 49.2483; -0.235Coordinates: 49°14′54″N 0°14′06″W / 49.2483°N 0.235°W / 49.2483; -0.235
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Cabourg
Intercommunality Campagne et Baie de L'Orne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Xavier Madelaine
Area
 • Land1 6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 1,188
 • Population2 density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14009 / 14860
Elevation 0–57 m (0–187 ft)
(avg. 50 m or 160 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Amfreville is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Amfrevillais or Amfrevillaises[1]

Geography[edit]

Amfreville is located some 25 km north-west of Caen and 1 km south-east of Ouistreham mostly on the right bank of the Orne with a small portion on the left bank. It can be accessed by the D514 from Sallenelles in the north passing through the west of the commune then continuing south then west to Bénouville. Access to the village is by the D37B from Breville-les-Monts in the south-east and continuing though the village north to Sallenelles. There is also the D236 going east from the village to Bavent. There are several hamlets apart from the village: Hameau Oger and Hameau La Rue form a continuous urban area with the main village and the hamlets of La Basse Ecarde and La Haute Ecarde are to the west. The rest of the commune and the entire left bank of the Orne portion are farmland.

The river Orne separates the two parts of the commune with no direct access across the river - the nearest crossing is on the D514 to the south of the commune. A stream forms the northern border of the commune flowing into the Orne.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Commandos and 9th Battalion in Amfreville, June 1944

Because of its geographical position close to the coast of the Normandy landings, Amfreville was liberated on 6 June 1944.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Amfreville

Blazon:
Party per pale, first Azure a soldier of Or suspended from a parachute argent all surmounted by a dove the same and in chief gules charged with two lions passant guardant one over the other; second of Vert with a garb of Or, in chief Azure with two fesse wavy in argent debruised over all by a barque contourned of Gules sailed the same.




Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1989 2014 Xavier Madelaine PS SNCF Officer

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,188 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
700 610 619 573 564 - 623 608 586
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
548 575 533 482 460 412 410 387 387
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
316 333 318 335 350 378 357 386 404
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
482 444 615 819 905 1,056 1,172 1,188 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Amfreville

Sites and monuments[edit]

The right bank of the Orne
  • Le Plain: a place with a plantation of trees, a church, and horses. It is registered as a site of ecological interest for flora and fauna.

Twinning[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Amfréville en Baie de l’Orne, Gillonne and Rémi Desquesnes, 2001 (French)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]