Amga (rural locality)

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For other uses, see Amga.
Amga (English)
Амга (Russian)
Амма (Sakha)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Amga is located in Sakha Republic
Amga
Amga
Location of Amga in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 60°53′50″N 131°58′50″E / 60.89722°N 131.98056°E / 60.89722; 131.98056Coordinates: 60°53′50″N 131°58′50″E / 60.89722°N 131.98056°E / 60.89722; 131.98056
Administrative status (as of 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Amginsky District[1]
Rural Okrug Amginsky Rural Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Amginsky Ulus,[2] Amginsky Rural Okrug[2]
Municipal status (as of December 2008)
Municipal district Amginsky Municipal District[3]
Rural settlement Amginsky Rural Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Amginsky Municipal District,[3] Amginsky Rural Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 6,533 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[4]
Founded 1652[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 678600
Dialing code(s) +7 41142[citation needed]

Amga (Russian: Амга́; Sakha: Амма) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Amginsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia.[2] It is located on the Amga River, some 200 kilometers (120 mi) southeast of Yakutsk. Population: 6,533 (2010 Census);[1] 6,359 (2002 Census);[6] 5,191 (1989 Census).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name Amga is derived from an Evenk word meaning gorge or ravine.

History[edit]

It was first founded by the Cossacks in 1652 as the ostrog (fortress) of Amga-Sloboda (Амга-Слобода).[citation needed] The first church was built in 1680, but it burned down later and was subsequently rebuilt a number of times. Agriculture has been conducted in the area since 1695; it was the first place in Yakutia used for growing crops.

Amga was a place of political exile in the Russian Empire, the most famous exile being Vladimir Korolenko, who was exiled here for six years in 1879.

It was also the site for fighting during the Russian Civil War.

Somewhere in the area was the old river crossing of Amginsk.[8] From about 1750 to 1850, a horse track led northwest to Yakutsk. Across the river, one route led south to Uda Bay and the other went southeast to Ust-Maya and from there south to Ayan. From perhaps 1662, there were a few Russian peasants in the area, but agriculture was usually unsuccessful. In 1737, Stepan Krasheninnikov noted that they had abandoned agriculture and were distinguishable from their Yakut neighbors only in religion.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z 353-III
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ James R Gibson,"Feeding the Russian Fur Trade",1969

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Amginsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).