The only reference to Amhar in medieval Welsh language texts is the post-Galfridian romance Geraint and Enid, where "Amhar son of Arthur" is one of Arthur’s four squires serving as chamberlains to Arthur's bed, alongside Amhren son of Bedwyr, Cadyrieith son of Gandwy the porter, and Goreu son of Custeninn.
Amhar is equated with the Amr, killed and entombed by his own father Arthur the warrior; the said tomb or sepulcher listed as one of the Mirabilia (or De Mirabilibus Britanniae) in an appendix to some recensions of the Historia Brittonum, viz.:
Another wonder is in the district called Ercing(→Archenfield) It has a sepulchre near the well, which is called Licat Anir (Licat Amr); and the name of the man who was buried in this tomb was Anir (Amr), the son of the soldier Arthur, who slew him, and buried him himself in this place. When the tomb is measured, it is found to be sometimes six feet in length, sometimes nine, sometimes twelve, and sometimes fifteen. For whatever measure it may be found at one time, it will not be found the same at another, as I have tested for myself.
— emended and modernized after translation by "R.", The Wonders of the Island of Britain, Cambrian Quarterly Magazine and Celtic Repertory 2 (1830)
- Cavall or Cafall, (Latin: Cabal), Arthur's dog, whose foot imprint is another marvel of Britain.
- Englynion y Beddau or "The Stanzas of the Graves"
- Glastonbury Abbey famous alleged tomb-site of Arthur
- Gawain's tomb found at Pembrokeshire, as according to William of Malmesbury
- King Arthur's family
- Robert Huntington Fletcher, The Arthurian material in the chronicles, p.320, "Two names in the Mirabilia should be replaced by better variant readings, Troynt by Troit, and Anir by Amr". preview
- Historia Brittonum, §73; in Mommsen 1898, Chr. Min. III, p.217, whch gives these variant MS. readings: Anir (H=Harl. 3859 (base for Mommsen's ed. and Stevenson's ed.) ; K=Cott. Vespas. D XXI); Amr (C=Camb. Corpus Christi 139; D=Durham; G=Burney; L=Camb. publ. FF.I.27 (base text for Petrie's ed. and Gale's ed.); Amir (Q=Cott. Nero D VIII)
- Rhys 1906, p. xiii(identifying Amr with Amhar states), "while the name of Arthur's son in question is given as Amhar in.. Gereint.. I do not recollect meeting with it elsewhere"
- T. Jones and G. Jones, The Mabinogion (London: Dent, 1949), p.231; Everyman Library New Revised edition 1993 (indexed), p.190.
- Note on the English translation. Earlier author of this article's materials cited wikisource:History of the Britions, §73.
- Latin text: "Est aliud miraculum in region quae vocatur Ercing.." See e.g. Rhys 1906, p. xiii for the Latin text with the now preferred reading of the name, "Amir" over "Anir" given by Stevenson and Mommsen.
- Here "Erving" as given by R. will be emended outright as being a misreading or misprint, in preference of "Ercing", the reading given by Stevenson 1838's ed. of the Latin text of Harl. 3859, which R. states was the original used for his translation. Stevenson footnotes "Ercing. Namely Erchenfield"; R. footnotes that Erving is "Possibly Herefordshire, anciently called Erchyng".
- R. translates as "valiant" which is a rather rusty term so here replaced with a more common gloss for Latin militis (gen. of miles). It is an important matter of point that Arthur is here referred to as a soldier, and not a king.
- answers to L. ibidem given in Stevenson's edition, though omitted in some MSS. (for which see Mommsen 1898's critical edition)
- R. gives "myself have proved", but modernized to avoid confusion
- Todd 1848,p.118: "One copy has 'Oculus Amirmur,' for which we can read 'Oculus Annir Mawr. " (H. =Herbert's footnote)
- Rhys 1906, Preface,xiii, footnote 4: "The same manuscript E, which reads Troit (dated) by Stevenson to.. (beg. 13c.), reads heare amirmur.. (but is misreading for) Amir mur 'the Great Amir", and in the Liber Landavensis, Amir is written Amyr... etc. the name of Arthur's son in question is given as Amhar in the Welsh romance of Gereint and Enid.
- (texts and translations)
- (tr.) R (1830), "The Wonders of the Island of Britain" (google), Cambrian quarterly magazine and Celtic repertory 2: 60–
- (tr.) Barber, Richard (1999), "On the Marvels of Britain", Myths and Legends of the British Isles (New York: Barnes and Noble Books): 85–88, ISBN 0-7607-1959-4
- (ed.) Mommsen, Theodore, ed. (1898), "Historia Brittonvm cvm additamentis Nennii", Chronica Minora, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctorum Antiquissimi xiii (Berlin) 3: 111–222
- (ed.) Stevenson, Joseph, ed. (1838), "Nennii Historia Britonum ad fidem codicum manuscriptorum" (google), Publications of the English Historical Society (sumptibus Societatis) 4
- (ed., tr.) Todd, James Henthorn, ed. (1848), Leabhar Breathnach annso sis (The Irish version of the Historia Britonum of Nennius) (google), Dublin: Irish Archaeological Society
- (Critical studies)