Amidol

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Amidol[1]
Amidol.png
Names
IUPAC name
2,4-Diaminophenol
Identifiers
95-86-3 YesY
137-09-7 (dihydrochloride)
ChemSpider 6996 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
Image
PubChem 7266
UNII NNB4I01PA7 YesY
Properties
C6H8N2O
Molar mass 124.14 g/mol
Appearance Colorless solid
Melting point 78 to 80 °C (172 to 176 °F; 351 to 353 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Amidol is a colorless crystalline compound with the molecular structure C6H3(NH2)2OH. It is a dihydrogen chloride salt and is used as a photographic developer. It was introduced as a developing agent for photographic papers in 1892. It is unusual amongst developing agents as it works most effectively in slightly acid conditions rather than the strongly alkaline conditions required for most other developers. As amidol ages it changes color to a dark red-brown. Developing dishes and equipment used to prepare amidol solutions are also frequently stained brown, a stain that is very persistent.

Prints developed in amidol are typically a very warm brown-black colour, but overdevelopment can quickly lead to chemical fogging.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 2961.