AmigaOne X1000 computer system by A-EON Technology Ltd
|OS||AmigaOS 4.1 Update 6|
|Type||Workstation / Personal computer|
|Processor||64-bit dual-core PWRficient PA6T-1682M (PowerPC)|
|Memory||4× DDR2 SDRAM slots|
|Connection||10× USB 2.0, 1× Xorro slot, 2× PCIe x16 slots (1x16 or 2x8), 2× PCIe x1 slots, 2× PCI slots, etc|
|Ports||4× SATA Revision 2.0, 1× IDE|
AmigaOne X1000 is a PowerPC-based personal computer intended as a high-end platform for AmigaOS 4. It was announced by A-Eon Technology CVBA in partnership with Hyperion Entertainment. Its name is influenced by the Amiga 1000 released by Commodore in 1985 as a homage. It is however not hardware compatible with the original Commodore Amiga system.
A-Eon Technology is a privately funded company co-founded by Trevor Dickinson. The focus of A-Eon was on the high-end and a partnership with Hyperion Entertainment was formed to allow discussion with key AmigaOS 4 developers about what such a next generation AmigaOS 4 computer would need. With the end of the AmigaONE line from Eyetech and lack of success porting the OS to third party machines, A-Eon decided to continue the AmigaONE line themselves with more up to date technology. One important decision made during this early phase was that the AmigaOne X1000 should be a complete system built around a bespoke motherboard with a customised case and peripherals. This contrasts with the adapted reference design strategy used by Eyetech for the original AmigaOne series.
Even before the 'wish list' was completed, hardware design company Varisys had been chosen as a partner based on their track record both with the PowerPC architecture and with parallel computing. The decision to form a partnership with Varisys had the consequence of bringing XMOS chips to the AmigaOne X1000, as it is the connection between XMOS and the Varisys team, dating back to earlier work on the Inmos Transputer, that led to the suggestion of including an XMOS XCore chip on the X1000 motherboard. This XCore chip is referred to by A-Eon as the 'Xena' Coprocessor.
The first prototype machines were manufactured during mid-2009 and Hyperion Entertainment began the process of porting the AmigaOS to the X1000 in late-2009. By mid-June 2010, the X1000 was booting AmigaOS from hard disk and the machine made its debut at the Vintage Computer festival at Bletchley Park on the weekend on the 19 and 20 June 2010.
The original intention was that the machine would be available before Summer 2010, but A-Eon technology announced at the Vintage Computer festival that the release had been delayed. By August 2011, hardware designer and manufacturer Varisys had begun the first production run of revision 2.1 boards destined for the AmigaOne X1000 beta test team. In January 2012 A-Eon announced that AmigaKit.com would start shipping the AmigaOne X1000 to customers with AmigaOS4.1 Update 5. It would also be supplied with a license for AmigaOS4.2 which could be downloaded when it is released by Hyperion Entertainment some years after it was announced.
The specifications from A-EON Technology's website:
- Black Pearl PC case, white case also available
- ATX form factor
- Dual-core PWRficient PA6T-1682M 1.8 GHz PowerISA v2.04+ CPU
- Co-processor: "Xena" 500 MHz XCore XS1-L2 124 SDS
- ATI Radeon R700 or AMD Radeon HD 6000 Series graphics card
- Audio: 7.1 channel HD audio
- Memory: 4× DDR2 SDRAM slots
- 10× USB 2.0
- 1× Gigabit Ethernet
- 2× PCIe ×16 slots (1×16 or 2×8)
- 2× PCIe ×1 slots
- 2× PCI slots
- 1× Xorro slot
- 1× Compact Flash
- 2× RS-232
- 4× SATA Revision 2.0 connectors
- 1× PATA connector
- 1× JTAG connector
The 'Xena' coprocessor is a XMOS XCore MCU integrated on the X1000 motherboard and connected a non-standard expansion slot, called the 'Xorro' slot, named after the Zorro bus used in the Commodore Amiga. It uses a PCI-express like connector however using a custom I/O layout. The XMOS processor is connected to the local CPU bus in addition to the Xorro slot, allowing timing critical custom hardware to be controlled by the I/O optimized XCore without loading the main processor.
A-Eon were able to successfully produce a system that did not have hardware issues (unlike previous AmigaONE boards), and in shipping it in volumes that its detractors claimed would be unlikely. It also took significantly longer to arrive than announced.
Also there was criticism that the Xena chip was simply a 'gimmick' that delivered little to the system, despite many optimistic forecasts of what it could be used for. To date, the Xena chip on the X1000 has not been significantly harnessed by any hardware project.
Finally, the choice of the PA-6T processor has proven controversial. A dual core processor, the second core is not used by AmigaOS at the moment. Hyperion Entertainment is working on a new kernel 'X-kernel', which supports multiple cores, to replace the Exec kernel. This has proven controversial as AmigaOS may not be able to gain multi-core support and remain backward compatible at the same time.
With the PA6T being an end-of-line CPU and the X1000 never fully supported, A-EON have announced three new boards, the X3500, X5000/20 and X5000/40 to replace the X1000 using Freescale PowerPC SoC chips.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to AmigaOne X1000.|
- "Hyperion Entertainment CVBA and A-EON Technology CVBA announce strategic partnership". 2010-02-20.
- "New Amiga Sports Programmable Co-Processor, Dualcore PPC". OSnews. 2010-01-05. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- "Interview with Trevor Dickinson". Obligement Magazine. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "A-Eon and Varisys Announce Partnership". A-Eon Technology CVBA. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "More line up for Britain’s first Vintage Computer Festival 19–20 June". National Museum of Computing. Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- "The Vintage Computing Festival 2010- The AmigaOne X1000". Dennis Publishing Limited. 2010-06-26. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "AmigaOne X1000 Update 5 CD goes gold!". 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- "AmigaOne X1000 To Ship to Beta Testers Next Week". 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
- "AmigaOne X1000". A-EON Technology. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- "Fractal Design's Black Pearl computer case". Fractal Design. Archived from the original on 12 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- "A-EON Reveals AmigaOne X1000 Processor... Through Cake". OSNews.com. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "Hyperion Entertainment blog Amiwest 2013". 2010-02-20.
- "AmigaOne X5000 press release". 2010-02-20.