Amite County, Mississippi
|Amite County, Mississippi|
Amite County courthouse in Liberty, Mississippi
Location in the state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
|• Total||731.64 sq mi (1,895 km2)|
|• Land||729.60 sq mi (1,890 km2)|
|• Water||2.04 sq mi (5 km2), 0.28%|
|• Density||18/sq mi (7/km²)|
Amite County // is a county located in the state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,131. It is named after the Amite River which is located in the county. The name is derived from the French amitié, meaning "friendship." Its county seat is Liberty.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 731.64 square miles (1,894.9 km2), of which 729.60 square miles (1,889.7 km2) (or 99.72%) is land and 2.04 square miles (5.3 km2) (or 0.28%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 98
- Mississippi Highway 24
- Mississippi Highway 33
- Mississippi Highway 48
- Mississippi Highway 569
- Mississippi Highway 570
- Mississippi Highway 567
- Mississippi Highway 568
- Mississippi Highway 571
- Mississippi Highway 584
- Franklin County (north)
- Lincoln County (northeast)
- Pike County (east)
- Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana (southeast)
- St. Helena Parish, Louisiana (south)
- East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana (southwest)
- Wilkinson County (west)
||Franklin County||Lincoln County|
|Wilkinson County||Pike County|
|East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana||St. Helena Parish, Louisiana||Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana|
National protected area
- Homochitto National Forest (part)
From a peak of population in 1910, the county had declines through 1990. In the early part of the 20th century, particularly from 1910 to 1930, and from 1940 to 1970, it was affected by the Great Migration of blacks out of the segregated society for jobs and opportunities in Midwest and later, West Coast cities. From 1940 to 1960, the population declined by more than 29%, as may be seen by the Census table at right. Blacks also left to escape the oppression and violence associated with Jim Crow and disfranchisement.
Rural whites also left in those years, but a much greater number of African Americans migrated to other areas.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,131 people residing in the county. 57.7% were White, 41.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 0.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,599 people, 5,271 households, and 3,879 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 6,446 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.42% White, 42.65% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,271 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 16.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,033, and the median income for a family was $31,256. Males had a median income of $28,306 versus $16,173 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,048. About 19.30% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.70% of those under age 18 and 22.20% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.