Amman Governorate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 31°56′59″N 35°55′58″E / 31.94972°N 35.93278°E / 31.94972; 35.93278
Capital Governorate (محافظة العاصمة)
Governorate
Amman in Jordan.svg
The Capital Governorate
Country Jordan
Subdivisions
Capital Amman
 - elevation 777 m (2,549 ft)
 - coordinates 31°56′59″N 35°55′58″E / 31.94972°N 35.93278°E / 31.94972; 35.93278
Area 7,579 km2 (2,926 sq mi)
Population 2,473,400 (2012)
Density 326.3 / km2 (845 / sq mi)
Governor Samir Mubaidhin
Timezone GMT +2
 - summer (DST) +3
Area code +(962)6
Urban 94%
Rural 6%
Byzantine mosaic in the Church of Saint Stephen in Umm ar-Rasas.
'Ain Ghazal Venus which dates back to 7250 BC, is the oldest statue ever made by a human civilization. It is housed in the Jordan Archaeological Museum

Officially known as Muhafazat al-Asima (Arabic محافظة العاصمة, English translation: The Capital Governorate), Amman Governorate is one of the governorates - locally known as muhafazat - in Jordan. This governorate's capital is the City of Amman, It is also Jordan's capital. The administrative center of the governorate as well as all government offices and parliament are located in the Abdali district.

The Capital Governorate has the largest population of the 12 governorates of Jordan. It borders Zarqa Governorate from the north and north east, the governorates of Balqa and Madaba from the west, Karak and Ma'an governorates from the south. It also shares an international border with Saudi Arabia from the east.

History[edit]

The land covered by the Capital Governorate has been inhabited since the prehistoric age, ruins of civilizations as early as 7250 BC have been discovered at 'Ain Ghazal near Amman, the site itself is one of the largest prehistoric settlements in the Middle East.

Amman was the capital and stronghold of the Ammonites, which they called Rabbath Ammon, the Ammonites ruled almost the entire land of the Capital Govrnorate. After the Romans took control of the region, Amman was renamed as Philadelphia, and was one of the ten Roman Decapolis cities. Following the Arab Muslim conquests, Philadelphia reclaimed the name Amman. The Byzantine site at Umm ar-Rasas was designated as a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Geography[edit]

The climate of the Capital Governorate is that of the Eastern Mediterranean climate. However since Amman is located on a hilly plateau, the average annual precipitation and temperature generally may vary significantly from one location to another, even within the city of Amman. For instance, it may be snowing in the Sweileh district which has an elevation of 1050 m above sea level, but cloudy with no rain in the Amman city center, which has an elevation of 780 m. The Capital Governorate is the third largest governorate in Jordan by area, and the largest by population.

Demographics[edit]

The Jordan national census of 2004 indicates that the total population of the Capital Governorate was 1,942,066 growing from 1,576,238 in the 1994 census at an average annual growth of 2.1%.[1] Estimates of the year 2009 put the population at about 2,380,000. However this estimate is based on natural growth rate, and does not take into account the influx of Iraqi refugees after the invasion of Iraq. Other estimates put the population of the Capital Governorate at about 2.5~2.8 millions. The next census is scheduled to be held in 2014.

Demographics of Capital Governorate (2004 Census)[2]
Female to Male ratio 48.58% to 51.42%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 88% to 12%
Urban population 94%
Rural population 6%
Total population 1,942,066

Administrative divisions[edit]

Article 4 of the administrative divisions system of the Jordanian Ministry of Interior states that the Capital Governorate is divided into nine nahiyah,[3] five of these nahiyahs include the districts of Metropolitan Amman.

Nahiyahs of the Capital Governorate by population (2004)[4]
Nahiyah Arabic Name Subdivisions population (2004) Administrative Center
1 Capital Nahiyah (Al-Qasaba) لواء قصبة عمان includes six of Amman metropolitan districts 552,511 Abdali
2 Marka Nahiyah لواء ماركا includes four of Amman metropolitan districts 483,819 Marka
3 Al-Qwesmeh Nahiyah لواء القويسمة includes three of Amman metropolitan districts 257,260 Al Juwayyidah
4 University Nahiyah لواء الجامعة includes six of Amman metropolitan districts 279,359 Al Jubayhah
5 Wadi Al Seer Nahiyah لواء وادي السير includes three of Ammman metropolitan districts and 12 other towns and villages 173,792 Wadi Al Seer
6 Naour Nahiyah لواء ناعور includes 25 towns and villages 66,220 Naour
7 Sahab Nahiyah لواء سحاب includes 7 towns and villages 57,037 Sahab
8 Al Jizah Nahiyah لواء الجيزة Includes 62 towns and villages 42,051 Al Jizah
9 Muwaqqar Nahiyah لواء الموقر includes 26 towns and villages 30,017 Al Mushaqqar

Towns and villages[edit]

Abdali District forms the heart of Amman
Wadi Al Seer Department

`Abdun, Abu `Alandah, Adh Dhuhaybah, Al `Al, Al `Amiriyah, Al `Arid, Al `Arudah, Al Bahhath, Al Bassah, Al Bunayyat al Janubiyah, Al Bunayyat ash Shamaliyah, Al Hawwasiyah, Al Hummar, Al Jizah, Al Jubayhah, Al Judayyidah, Al Jumayyil, Al Juwayyidah, Al Lubban, Al Mabrak, Al Mahattah, Al Manakhir, Al Mathluthah, Al Muqabalayn, Al Mushaqqar, Al Mushayrifah, Al Mushayrifah, Al Muwaqqar, Al Qartu`iyah, Al Qastal, Al Qunaytirah, Al Qurayyat, Al Quwayjiyah, Al Quwaysimah, Al Yadudah, `Ammuriya, An Naqubah, An Nuwayjis, `Ara`ir, Ar Rabahiyah, Ar Rajib, Ar Riwaq, Ash Shufatah, Ash Shumaysani, Ash Shuqayq, As Samik, As Saqrah, Ath Thughrah, `Atruz, At Tunayb, Barazin, Barzah, Barzah, Bayt Zir`ah, Biddin, Bilal, Buqay` al Qababi`ah, Dab`ah, Dhiban, Dhuhaybah, Dulaylat al Hama'idah, Dulaylat al Mutayrat, Halaq ash Shuqayq, Hawwarah, Hisban, `Iraq al Amir, Jalul, Jawa, Juraynah, Khilda, Khirbat `Assaf, Khirbat as Sahilah, Khirbat Badran, Khirbat Khaww, Khirbat Siran, Khuraybat as Suq, Kufayr Abu Sarbut, Kufayr al Wakhyan, Kufayrat Abu Khinan, Madaba, Ma`in, Manja, Marka, Mukawir, Mulayh, Murayjimat Ibn Hamid, Natl, Na`ur, Qasr al Hallabat, Qubur `Abd Allah, Qurayyat Falhah, Qurayyat Nafi`, Qurayyat Salim, Rujaym Salim, Rujm ash Shami, Rujm ash Shara'irah, Sahab, Shunat Ibn `Adwan, Sufah, Sumiya, Suwaylih, Tabarbawr, Tila` al `Ali, Umm al `Amad, Umm al Birak, Umm al Hanafish, Umm al Kundum, Umm al Qanafidh, Umm ar Rasas, Umm as Summaq, Umm Juraysat, Umm Nuwarah, Umm Qusayr, Umm Qusayr, Umm Rummanah, Umm Shujayrah al Gharbiyah, Umm Zuwaytinah, `Urjan al Gharbiyah, `Urjan ash Sharqiyah, `Uyun adh Dhi'b, Wadi as Sir, Yajuz, Zaba'ir `Udwan, Zuwayza

Education[edit]

As of 2010, there were 24 universities and community colleges in the Capital Governorate, the University of Jordan is the oldest university established in the governorate, it is also Jordan's first university,[5] other universities are the Arab Open University[6] which is owned and run by the Arab League and Princess Sumaya University for Technology which was named after Princess Sumaya of Jordan.[7] Petra University was ranked 20th in the Arab World by Webometrics,[8] Philadelphia University (Jordan) is the largest private university in the Capital Governorate.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DOS Jordan 1994 Census
  2. ^ Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3-1
  3. ^ Ministry of Interior Administrative Divisions
  4. ^ 2004 Census
  5. ^ University of Jordan
  6. ^ Arabou-jo.edu
  7. ^ Princess Sumaya University for Technology
  8. ^ University of Petra, Jordan
  9. ^ Philadelphia University