Amol

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Amol
آمل (Persian)
city
Ancient names: Ask, Amardha, Amardian, Tabaristan, Amele, Amol
Amol-County-poster-2012.jpg
Amol is located in Iran
Amol
Amol
Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083
Country  Iran
Province Mazandaran
County Amol
Bakhsh Central
Incorporated (city) 1923[1]
Government
 • Mayor Amir soleimani[1]
Area
 • city 21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (2012)
 • city 224,160
 • Density 11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 364,692
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
Postal code 46131-46391[2]
Area code(s) (+98) 11
Website amol.org.ir

Amol (Persian: آمل‎ – [ɒˈmol]; About this sound pronunciation ; also Romanized as Āmol and Amul)[3] is a city in and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, the population of the city proper was 197,470, in 55,183 families.[4]

Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of the provincial administrative center, Sari.[3]

Etymology and history[edit]

Amol is an old city, with a history dating back to the Amards. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans, who had migrated to and settled on the Iranian Plateau from the late 2nd millennium BCE to early 1st millennium BCE. Many scholars believe that the city's name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi).

According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from the 3rd century CE under Sassanian Empire to the 13/14th century CE under the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.

Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the first Persian mythological dynasties of Aryan people, the Pishdadians and the Kianians.

The inhabitants of Amol embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi (775–785 CE), the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here.

After the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century AH (14th century CE), Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in 795 AH (1392/1393 AD), the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback.

The great Islamic scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.[5]

In January 1982 Amol was the site of a failed armed insurrection against Iran's Islamist government by Sarbedaran, the armed wing of the Union of Iranian Communists.[6]

Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.[5]

Population[edit]

The population history of the city proper is as follows. All figures are official census figures from the Iranian Statistics Institute.[7]

1956 1966 1976 1986 1991 1996 2006 2012
22,251 40,076 68,963 118,242 139,923 159,092 197,470 224,160

Breakdown of 2006 census:[4]

Total Male Female Family
197,470 98,337 99,133 55,183

Administrative divisions[edit]

Amol is the administrative center of the Amol county in the Iranian province of Mazandaran, consisting of two county districts: the central district and Larijan. The administrative center of the Larijan district is Rineh.

Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the county. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.

Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions[edit]

  • Damavand Mountain
  • Mashhad Mirbozorg (Mir Ghavam-O-Din Maraashi Mausoleum[8]
  • Mohammad Taher Shrine[9]
  • Naser-Ol-Hagh Mausoleum (Hasan al-Utrush Tomb tower)[10]
  • Mir Heydar Amoli Mausoleum (Seyyed Setan Tomb tower)[11]
  • Ashraf Bath [12]
  • Amol Bazaar [13]
  • Imamzadeh Abdollah [14]
  • Ab Esk (Larijan) Thermal Springs [15]
  • Moalagh Bridge
  • Yakhi Waterfall
  • Davazdah Cheshmeh (Davazdah Pelleh Bridge)
  • Imamzadeh Ibrahim
  • Malek Bahman Castle
  • Shekl-e-Shah
  • Mirza Koochak khan Natural Park (Haraz)
  • Dehkade Talaei Park
  • Mosque Jame
  • Agha Abbas Mosque
  • Waterfall Shahandasht
  • Waterfall Deryook
  • Bath Shah Abbasi
  • The Sasanian Road
  • Lar Dam
  • Sangi Bridge Polour
  • Saghanefar Hendoukola
  • Altar Amol (Atashkadeh Amol)
  • Tomb of Sultan Shahabuddin
  • Heshtl Tower
  • Village and forest Blairan and Alimastan
  • Gole Zard Cave
  • Inn Kemboja
  • Home Manochehri
  • Imam Hassan Askari Mosque
  • Ghadamgah Khezr Nabi
  • Ceremony of Aask
  • Amol Historical Museum

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean (Csa).[16]

Climate data for Amol
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
12.5
(54.5)
12.4
(54.3)
16.2
(61.2)
23.7
(74.7)
27.7
(81.9)
28.7
(83.7)
30.3
(86.5)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
18.9
(66)
15.1
(59.2)
20.64
(69.17)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
8.1
(46.6)
8.2
(46.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.1
(66.4)
21.9
(71.4)
24
(75)
25.4
(77.7)
21.1
(70)
18.4
(65.1)
13.8
(56.8)
10.2
(50.4)
15.9
(60.61)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
3.8
(38.8)
4
(39)
7.7
(45.9)
14.6
(58.3)
16.2
(61.2)
19.3
(66.7)
20.6
(69.1)
16.3
(61.3)
13.6
(56.5)
8.7
(47.7)
5.4
(41.7)
11.22
(52.18)
Precipitation mm (inches) 96
(3.78)
80
(3.15)
74
(2.91)
69
(2.72)
31
(1.22)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
36
(1.42)
87
(3.43)
97
(3.82)
97
(3.82)
108
(4.25)
829
(32.64)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 96m[16]


Mount Damavand, Amol
Paddy Rice field Amol

Some famous companies[edit]

  • Kalleh Amol Dairy Co Company[17]
  • Peyman Group Amol[18]
  • FZ.CO Iran[19]
  • Delveseh Group[20]
  • Sepidan Asia[21]
  • Iranian Money Printing T A K A B[22]
  • Haraz Dairy Co[23]
  • Broiler Production Integration[24]
  • Abeskoon[25]
  • NASAJI Babakan[26]
  • Tanbaco Khazar[27]
  • Polur Mineral Water Mazandaran[28]
  • Nestle IRAN of the Amol[29]
  • Amolo Mineral water[30]

Notable people[edit]

Language[edit]

Most Amoli people speak the Mazandarani language Tabari as a mother tongue. Persian is the most common language spoken in Iran.

Higher education[edit]

Amol has three universities:

Contemporary Events[edit]

The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.

As the administrative center of Amol county[edit]

Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.

Map District City / RD*
(Rural District)
Villages
Emamzadeh abdollah District Emamzadeh abdollah City (c)
Bala Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...
Chelav Rural District RD Lahash, SangeChal, Neshel, ...
Central Amol City (c)
Pain Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...
Harazpey-ye Jonubi RD Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...
Dashtesare Sofla RD Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...
Larijan Rineh City (c)
Gazanak City
Bala Larijan RD Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...
Larijan-e Sofla RD Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...
Dashtesar Dashtesare gharbi RD Baliran,Darzi Kola, Firooz Kola, Pasha Kola, ...
Dashtesare sharghi RD Ejbar Kola(c), Tir kola, Tamesk,...
Dabudasht Dabudasht City (c)
Dabuy-ye Jonubi RD Darzi Kola, , Espahi Kola, Raees Abad (c), Espiari, ...
Dabuy-ye Miani RD Vaskas, Kabood Kola, Kachap, ...

Sport[edit]

Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League. Kaleh also has a basketball team named Kalleh Amol Basketball.

Wrestling and volleyball[edit]

Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.

Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam, Alireza Jadidi and Heshmat Omidi.

Hotels[edit]

Space Hotel
  • Shahrdari Hotel
  • Space Hotel
  • Lutos Hotel
  • Larijan Hotel
  • Sadaf Hotel

Gallery[edit]

Mazandaran Sea 
Alborz mountains 
Hot Spring Amol 
Felezi (Moalagh) Bridge 
Kafar Koli 
Silver gilt Tabaristan Amol 
Mount Damavand, 5,610 m, the highest point in the Middle East 
View of the City of Amol 

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Official website
  2. ^ Iran Post Website. Postcode.post.ir (2011-07-11). Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  3. ^ a b Amol can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3053090" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  5. ^ a b CHN | Tourism and Travel. Chnpress.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  6. ^ 11 February: 31 years since the Shah was toppled [AWorldToWinNewsService] AWTW News Service – 8 Feb 2010 2/14/10. Vvawai.org. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  7. ^ "Iran Statistics Institute". Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ [3][dead link]
  11. ^ [4][dead link]
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ [7]
  15. ^ [8]
  16. ^ a b "Climate: Amol - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  17. ^ About Us. Dairy.kalleh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  18. ^ Home | Peyman Amol Co. Peyman-amol.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  19. ^ شرکت فولادین ذوب آمل – فذا. Fzaco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  20. ^ :: گروه سرمایه گذاری سرزمین شمالی – محصولات دلوسه ::. Delveseh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  21. ^ [9][dead link]
  22. ^ "كارخانه توليد كاغذ اسناد بهادار". Cbi.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  23. ^ "لبنیات هراز ، واحد نمونه کیفی سال 90". Harazdairy.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  24. ^ "Zarbal". Zarbal.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  25. ^ "صنایع آلومینیوم آبسکون". Abeskoon.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  26. ^ nassajibabakan.ir
  27. ^ tanbaco.uc.ir
  28. ^ POLUR. Polurco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  29. ^ "Home Nestlé Iran". Nestle.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  30. ^ lithiummines.bs
  31. ^ harazuniversity.ir
  32. ^ موسسه آموزش عالی آمل – صفحه اصلی. Amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  33. ^ دانشگاه علمي كاربردي واحد 5 مازندارن – آمل. Uast-amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  34. ^ موسسه آموزش عالی سبز. Sabz.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  35. ^ "دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز آمل". Pnuamol.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  36. ^ دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی – آموزشکده فنی و حرفه ای سما واحد آیت اله آملی. Amol-samacollege.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  37. ^ amol.mubabol.ac.ir
  38. ^ Institut pasteur d'Iran. Pasteur.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
  39. ^ "موسسه آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی سمنگان". Samangan.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 

External links[edit]