|— city —|
|Ancient names: Ask, Amardha, Amardian, Tabaristan, Amele, Amol|
|• Mayor||Amir soleimani|
|• city||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 ( 28,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|Area code(s)||(+98) 121|
Amol (Persian: آمل – [ɒ'mol]; pronunciation (help·info); also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city in and the capital of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 197,470, in 55,183 families.
Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of the provincial capital, Sari.
Etymology and history
Amol is an old city, with its age dating back to the Amards & Ashkanian. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans. Many scholars believe that the city's name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi). According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from Sassanian Empire to the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.
Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the Pishdadians and the Kianians. In respect to the relics and coins found in this region, this city can be said to be the capital of this territory during the Sassanid era. The inhabitants of Amol city embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi, the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here. But after the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century A.H., Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in the year 795 A.H., the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback. The great scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol city. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.
Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.
Breakdown of 2006 census:
Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the greater Amol. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.
Historical and touristic attractions
- Mashhad Mirbozorg (Mir Ghavam-O-Din Maraashi Mausoleum
- Mohammad Taher Shrine
- Naser-Ol-Hagh Mausoleum
- Mir Heydar Amoli Mausoleum (Seyyed Setan Shrine)
|Climate data for Rineh Lar, Amol|
|Source: Iranian Meteorological Organization|
Some famous companies
- Garma Electric Garma Electric is a Persian E.P.C company.
- DESA (company) Iran Heavy Diesel Manufacturing Company DESA.
- Kalleh Amol Dairy Co Company
- Peyman Group Amol
- FZ.CO Iran
- Delveseh Group
- Sepidan Asia
- Iranian Money Printing T A K A B
- Haraz Dairy Co
- Broiler Production Integration
- NASAJI Babakan
- Tanbaco Khazar
- Polur Mineral Water Mazandaran
- Nestle IRAN of the Amol
- Amolo Mineral water
Notable figures of the past:
- Scholars: Abdul-Qadir Gilani, Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Mir Sayyid Haydar Amoli, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Abū Sahl al-Qūhī, Muhammad ibn Mahmud Amuli, Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, Abul Hasan al-Tabari, Omar Tiberiades, Al-Natili, Mohammad Taqi Danesh Pajouh
- Royalty: Abbas Mirza
- Mythical figures: Arash Kamangir
- Clerics: Hashem Amoli
- Musicians: Farhang Sharif, Gholam-Hossein Banan
- Scholars: Iraj Malekpour
- Politicians: Ali Larijani, Sadeq Larijani, Fatemeh Javadi
- Clerics: Abdollah Javadi-Amoli
Amol has two universities:
- Islamic Azad University of Amol International University The big University Middle East
- Shomal University 'Most of the Middle East
- Haraz University of Amol
- Mazandaran 5
- Green University
- PNU Amol
- Sama College
- Doctor College
- INSTITO Pasteur D, Iran of Amol
- Samangan institute
The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.
As the administrative center of Amol county
Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.
|Map||District||City / RA*
|Central||Amol City (c)|
|Bala Khiaban Litkooh RA||Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...|
|Paeen Khiaban Litkooh RA||Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...|
|Chelav RA||Alimestan, Khoshevash, Kondeva, Lehash, Neshel, Razeke (c), Tiar, ...|
|Haraz-Pey-e Jonoobi RA||Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...|
|Larijan||Rineh City (c)|
|Bala Larijan RA||Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...|
|Paeen Larijan RA||Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...|
|Dabudasht||Dabudasht City (c)|
|Daboo-ye Jonoobi RA||Darzi Kola, Kachap, Kamangar Kola, Raees Abad (c), Rash Kola, ...|
|Dasht-e Sar RA||Baliran, Ejbar Kola, Firooz Kola, Najjar Mahalleh (c), Pasha Kola, ...|
Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League and Amardian FC in Azadegan League, Kalleh Amol Basketball in LIG1 Iran.
Wrestling and volleyball
Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.
Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam and Alireza Jadidi.
- Shahrdari Hotel
- Space Hotel
- Lutos Hotel
- Larijan Hotel
- Sadaf Hotel
- Official website
- Iran Post Website. Postcode.post.ir (2011-07-11). Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Amol can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3053090" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2010-11-16.
- CHN | Tourism and Travel. Chnpress.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- 11 February: 31 years since the Shah was toppled [AWorldToWinNewsService] AWTW News Service – 8 Feb 2010 2/14/10. Vvawai.org. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "Iran Statistics Institute". Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- AVERAGE OF MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURE. IRANIAN METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION
- About Us. Dairy.kalleh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Home | Peyman Amol Co. Peyman-amol.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- شرکت فولادین ذوب آمل – فذا. Fzaco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- :: گروه سرمایه گذاری سرزمین شمالی – محصولات دلوسه ::. Delveseh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- [dead link]
- "كارخانه توليد كاغذ اسناد بهادار". Cbi.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "لبنیات هراز ، واحد نمونه کیفی سال 90". Harazdairy.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Zarbal". Zarbal.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "صنایع آلومینیوم آبسکون". Abeskoon.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- POLUR. Polurco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "Home Nestlé Iran". Nestle.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- موسسه آموزش عالی آمل – صفحه اصلی. Amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- دانشگاه علمي كاربردي واحد 5 مازندارن – آمل. Uast-amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- موسسه آموزش عالی سبز. Sabz.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز آمل". Pnuamol.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
- دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی – آموزشکده فنی و حرفه ای سما واحد آیت اله آملی. Amol-samacollege.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Institut pasteur d'Iran. Pasteur.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "موسسه آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی سمنگان". Samangan.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
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