|Ancient names: Ask, Amardha, Amardian, Tabaristan, Amele, Amol|
|• Mayor||Amir soleimani|
|• city||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|Area code(s)||(+98) 11|
Amol (Persian: آمل – [ɒˈmol]; pronunciation (help·info); also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city in and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, the population of the city proper was 197,470, in 55,183 families.
Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of the provincial administrative center, Sari.
- 1 Etymology and history
- 2 Population
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions
- 5 Climate
- 6 Some famous companies
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Language
- 9 Higher education
- 10 Contemporary Events
- 11 As the administrative center of Amol county
- 12 Sport
- 13 Hotels
- 14 Gallery
- 15 Sister cities
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Etymology and history
Amol is an old city, with a history dating back to the Amards. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans, who had migrated to and settled on the Iranian Plateau from the late 2nd millennium BCE to early 1st millennium BCE. Many scholars believe that the city's name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi).
According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from the 3rd century CE under Sassanian Empire to the 13/14th century CE under the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.
Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the first Persian mythological dynasties of Aryan people, the Pishdadians and the Kianians.
After the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century AH (14th century CE), Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in 795 AH (1392/1393 AD), the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback.
The great Islamic scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.
Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.
Map of the Alavid emirate with Amol as their capital
The population history of the city proper is as follows. All figures are official census figures from the Iranian Statistics Institute.
Breakdown of 2006 census:
Amol is the administrative center of the Amol county in the Iranian province of Mazandaran, consisting of two county districts: the central district and Larijan. The administrative center of the Larijan district is Rineh.
Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the county. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.
Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions
- Damavand Mountain
- Mashhad Mirbozorg (Mir Ghavam-O-Din Maraashi Mausoleum
- Mohammad Taher Shrine
- Naser-Ol-Hagh Mausoleum (Hasan al-Utrush Tomb tower)
- Mir Heydar Amoli Mausoleum (Seyyed Setan Tomb tower)
- Ashraf Bath 
- Amol Bazaar 
- Imamzadeh Abdollah 
- Ab Esk (Larijan) Thermal Springs 
- Moalagh Bridge
- Yakhi Waterfall
- Davazdah Cheshmeh (Davazdah Pelleh Bridge)
- Imamzadeh Ibrahim
- Malek Bahman Castle
- Mirza Koochak khan Natural Park (Haraz)
- Dehkade Talaei Park
- Mosque Jame
- Agha Abbas Mosque
- Waterfall Shahandasht
- Waterfall Deryook
- Bath Shah Abbasi
- The Sasanian Road
- Lar Dam
- Sangi Bridge Polour
- Saghanefar Hendoukola
- Altar Amol (Atashkadeh Amol)
- Tomb of Sultan Shahabuddin
- Heshtl Tower
- Village and forest Blairan and Alimastan
- Gole Zard Cave
- Inn Kemboja
- Home Manochehri
- Imam Hassan Askari Mosque
- Ghadamgah Khezr Nabi
- Ceremony of Aask
- Amol Historical Museum
|Climate data for Amol|
|Average high °C (°F)||13.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||8.7
|Average low °C (°F)||4.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||96
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 96m|
Some famous companies
- Garma Electric Garma Electric is a Persian E.P.C company.
- DESA (company) Iran Heavy Diesel Manufacturing Company DESA.
- Kalleh Amol Dairy Co Company
- Peyman Group Amol
- FZ.CO Iran
- Delveseh Group
- Sepidan Asia
- Iranian Money Printing T A K A B
- Haraz Dairy Co
- Broiler Production Integration
- NASAJI Babakan
- Tanbaco Khazar
- Polur Mineral Water Mazandaran
- Nestle IRAN of the Amol
- Amolo Mineral water
- Arash the Archer - legendary hero
- Omar ebn Farrokhan Tabari (8th century) - medieval astrologer
- Sahl ebn Bishr (9th century) - Jewish astrologer
- Ali ebn Sahl Rabban Tabari (9th century) - medieval physician
- Mohammad ebn Jarir Tabari (839-923) - historian
- Abu-Sahl Quhi (10th century) - medieval astronomer and physicist
- Abolhassan Tabari (10th century) - medieval physician
- Hossein ebn Ebrahim Tabari (10th century) - medieval physician
- Abdol-Qader Gilani (1078-1166) - Sufi leader
- Fazl ebn Hassan Tabarsi (12th century) - shia scholar
- Ebn Esfandiar (13th century) - historian
- Iskandar-i Shaykhi (14th century) - Afrasiyab dynasty ruler
- Heydar Amoli (1319-1385) - Sufi leader
- Mohammad ebn Mahmud Amoli (14th century) - medieval physician
- Mohammad-Ali Mirza Dowlatshah (1789-1821) - Qajar prince
- Abbas Mirza (1789-1833) - Qajar crown prince of Persia
- Mohammad-Taqi Amoli (1887-1971) - cleric
- Hashem Amoli (1899-1993) - cleric
- Gholam-Hossein Banan (1911-1986) - singer
- Mohammad-Taqi Daneshpajouh (1911-1996) - scholar
- Abdolhossein Navaei (1923-2004) - historian
- Farhang Sharif (b. 1931) - musician
- Iraj Malekpour - physicist
- Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (b. 1933) - cleric
- Mohammad-Javad Larijani (b. 1951) - politician
- Ali Larijani (b. 1958) - politician
- Fatemeh Javadi (b. 1959) - politician
- Sadeq Larijani (b. 1960) - cleric
- Baqer Larijani (b. 1961) - physician
- Akbar Mohammadi (1972-2006) - political activist
- Mojtaba Hosseini (b. 1974) - football player
- Mohsen Yousefi (b. 1984) - football player
- Ghasem Rezaei (b. 1985) - wrestler
- Hamed Fallahzadeh (b. 1986) - football player
- Adel Gholami (b. 1986) - volleyball player
Amol has three universities:
- Amol University of Special Modern Technologies the first and only state University of Amol www.ausmt.ac.ir
- Islamic Azad University of Amol International University The big University Middle East
- Shomal University 'Most of the Middle East
- Haraz University of Amol
- Mazandaran 5
- Green University
- PNU Amol
- Sama College
- Doctor College
- INSTITO Pasteur D, Iran of Amol
- Samangan institute
The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.
As the administrative center of Amol county
Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.
|Map||District||City / RD*
|Emamzadeh abdollah District||Emamzadeh abdollah City (c)|
|Bala Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...|
|Chelav Rural District RD||Lahash, SangeChal, Neshel, ...|
|Central||Amol City (c)|
|Pain Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...|
|Harazpey-ye Jonubi RD||Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...|
|Dashtesare Sofla RD||Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...|
|Larijan||Rineh City (c)|
|Bala Larijan RD||Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...|
|Larijan-e Sofla RD||Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...|
|Dashtesar||Dashtesare gharbi RD||Baliran,Darzi Kola, Firooz Kola, Pasha Kola, ...|
|Dashtesare sharghi RD||Ejbar Kola(c), Tir kola, Tamesk,...|
|Dabudasht||Dabudasht City (c)|
|Dabuy-ye Jonubi RD||Darzi Kola, , Espahi Kola, Raees Abad (c), Espiari, ...|
|Dabuy-ye Miani RD||Vaskas, Kabood Kola, Kachap, ...|
Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League. Kaleh also has a basketball team named Kalleh Amol Basketball.
Wrestling and volleyball
Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.
Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam, Alireza Jadidi and Heshmat Omidi.
- Shahrdari Hotel
- Space Hotel
- Lutos Hotel
- Larijan Hotel
- Sadaf Hotel
- Official website
- Iran Post Website. Postcode.post.ir (2011-07-11). Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Amol can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3053090" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
- CHN | Tourism and Travel. Chnpress.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- 11 February: 31 years since the Shah was toppled [AWorldToWinNewsService] AWTW News Service – 8 Feb 2010 2/14/10. Vvawai.org. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "Iran Statistics Institute". Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Climate: Amol - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- About Us. Dairy.kalleh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Home | Peyman Amol Co. Peyman-amol.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- شرکت فولادین ذوب آمل – فذا. Fzaco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- :: گروه سرمایه گذاری سرزمین شمالی – محصولات دلوسه ::. Delveseh.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- [dead link]
- "كارخانه توليد كاغذ اسناد بهادار". Cbi.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "لبنیات هراز ، واحد نمونه کیفی سال 90". Harazdairy.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Zarbal". Zarbal.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "صنایع آلومینیوم آبسکون". Abeskoon.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- POLUR. Polurco.com. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "Home Nestlé Iran". Nestle.ir. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- موسسه آموزش عالی آمل – صفحه اصلی. Amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- دانشگاه علمي كاربردي واحد 5 مازندارن – آمل. Uast-amol.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- موسسه آموزش عالی سبز. Sabz.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز آمل". Pnuamol.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
- دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی – آموزشکده فنی و حرفه ای سما واحد آیت اله آملی. Amol-samacollege.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- Institut pasteur d'Iran. Pasteur.ac.ir. Retrieved on 2012-03-01.
- "موسسه آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی سمنگان". Samangan.ac.ir. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
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