Amorgos

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Amorgos
Αμοργός
View of Chora (Amorgos)
View of Chora (Amorgos)
Location
Amorgos is located in Greece
Amorgos
Amorgos
Coordinates 36°50′N 25°54′E / 36.833°N 25.900°E / 36.833; 25.900Coordinates: 36°50′N 25°54′E / 36.833°N 25.900°E / 36.833; 25.900
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: South Aegean
Regional unit: Naxos
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 1,973
 - Area: 126.35 km2 (49 sq mi)
 - Density: 16 /km2 (40 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 414
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0–823 m ­(0–2700 ft)
Postal code: 840 08
Telephone: 22850
Auto: EM

Amorgos (Greek: Αμοργός) is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group, and the nearest island to the neighboring Dodecanese island group. Along with several neighboring islets, the largest of which is Nikouria Island, it comprises the municipality of Amorgos, which has a land area of 126.346 square kilometres (48.782 square miles), and a population of 1,973 (2011 census).

Geography[edit]

Due to Amorgos' position opposite the ancient beaches of Ionian towns, such as Militos, Alikarnassos and Ephesos, it became one of the first places from which the Ionians passed through to the Cyclades Islands and onto the Greek mainland.

History[edit]

Acropolis of Arkessini

Throughout history, Amorgos was also known as Yperia, Patagy, or Platagy, Pagali, Psichia and Karkisia.

Amorgos features a lot of remnants of ancient civilizations. At the time of Archaic Greece, there were three independent city-states there. They are believed to have featured autonomous constitutions but the same currency. Amorgos is distinguished by the size and quality of the walls surrounding the city of Arkesini, by the ancient towers whose remains are scattered all over the island, by the ancient tombs, the stone tools, the inscriptions, the vases and by other antiquities.

Due to the name Minoa we suspect that Amorgos had been colonised by the Cretans from ancient times,[citation needed] but there are no archeological remains supporting this view.[2]

Early Cycladic period[edit]

Dokathismata figurine, Early Cycladic II, Syros phase (2800-2300 BC). Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art

Almost a dozen separate inhabited centres are known in this period. Amorgos is the origin of many famous Cycladic figurines. ‘Dokathismata style’ figurines were originally found here. Cycladic sculptures had been discovered from the cemeteries at Aghia Paraskevi, Aghios Pavlos, Dokathismata, Kapros, Kapsala, Nikouria and Stavros.[3]

'Kapsala Cycladic figurines', dating around 2700 B.C., are named after a find place in Amorgos. This is the earliest of the 'canonical types' -- a reclining female with folded arms. They tend to have slender and elongated proportions. At this time, anatomical features such as arms are modeled three-dimensionally. With the later types, sculptors tended to render this feature with incised lines.[4]

'Dokathismata Cycladic figurines' date from a somewhat later period of 2400-2100 BC. Compared to the statuettes of the Spedos type -- the most common and renowned type of figurines featuring finely modeled and somewhat rounded shapes -- the statuettes of the Dokathismata type tend to have a more slender and sometimes angular silhouette.

Classical period[edit]

Part of the island is named Aspis, where the ancient temple of the goddess Aphrodite stood.

In approximately 630 BC, the poet Semonides led the foundation of a Samian colony on Amorgos. With the passing of time, the island's name changed to Amolgon, Amourgon, Amorgian, and Amourgian. After the 5th century one can also find the name Amoulgos from Bishop Theodore who signed a Synod in Constantinople, as Theodore the Bishop of Parion, Sifnion, and Amoulgion. Skilax mentions it as Tripoli (the circumnavigation of the Cyclades Islands). It was known as "Yamurgi" during Ottoman rule between 1566-1829.

A very powerful earthquake (7.5 on the Richter scale) on 9 July 1953 resulted in the deaths of 53 people.[5]

Government[edit]

View of Tholaria village
Street of Langada village

The names of the three cities given by Stefanos Vizantios are Arkesini, Minoa, Aigiali or Melania which, according to inscriptions, are the most correct. The three towns are on the island's west coast because that is where bays and natural ports that could provide the proper positioning for seaside towns and forts exist.

Aigiali was on the north East Side of the island close to the present day locations of Tholaria and Stroumvos and to this day can still be found there. Minoa is situated at the center of the northern side near the present day village of Katapola and Arkesini close to the present day lowland location Castri.

Excavations and findings, especially burial tombs, prove the intense presence of Amorgos during the prehistoric years, particularly during the first period of Cycladic civilisation (3200 to 2000 BC).

Cinema and popular culture[edit]

The island was featured in Luc Besson's film The Big Blue. Agia Anna and the monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa can be seen in the film.

The island was also featured in Giorgos Kordelas's film Ariadni of 2002.

Municipal districts[edit]

The municipality of Amorgos is subdivided into the following communities (population at 2011 census and constituent villages within brackets):

  • Aigiali (514, Aigiali, Agios Pavlos, Ormos Egialis, Potamos)
  • Amorgos (409, Chora, Kastelopetra)
  • Arkesini (179, Arkesini, Kalotaritissa, Kalofana, Mavri Myti, Rachoula)
  • Katapola (595, Katapola, Lefkes, Nera, Xylokeratidi, Pera Rachidi, Rachidi, Christoulaki)
  • Tholaria (189, Tholaria, Paralia Tholarion)
  • Vroutsis (87, Vroutsis, Kamari)

Historical population[edit]

Year Village population Municipality population
1981 353 -
1991 330 1,632
2001 398 1,859
2011 397 1,973

Landmarks[edit]

The monastery of "Panagia Hozoviotissa".

The spectacular monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa is situated on the cliff side, northeast of Chora. It was built early in the second millennium in order to protect a religious icon, dating from the year 812, from intruders. The icon is on public display inside the monastery. Opening time for visitors every day from 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m and 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Visitors have to be dressed decently in order to enter. Men have to wear long trousers and women a skirt or some long pants and covered arms. As of July 2012, the monastery is active and houses three practising monks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism (in Greek)
  3. ^ History of Amorgos www.amorgos-island-magazine.com
  4. ^ The Getty Museum
  5. ^ Επίτομο Γεωγραφικό Λεξικό της Ελλάδος (Geographical Dictionary of Greece), Μιχαήλ Σταματελάτος, Φωτεινή Βάμβα-Σταματελάτου, εκδ. Ερμής, ΑΘήνα 2001

External links[edit]